Med Term Chapter 4

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Med Term Chapter 4
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2012-09-13 20:14:42
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Medical Terminology Chapter 4
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  1. -algia
    -odynia
    pain
  2. - cele
    pouching or hernia
  3. -emia
    blood condition
  4. -genic
    pertaining to orgin
  5. -ia
    -ism
    condition of
  6. -iasis
    formation or presence of
  7. -ic
    -tic
    pertaining to
  8. -itis
    inflammation
  9. -lepsy
    seizure
  10. -logy
    study of
  11. -malacia
    softening
  12. -mania
    condition of adnormal impulse toward or frenzy
  13. -megaly
    enlargement
  14. -oma
    tumor
  15. -osis
    condition or increase
  16. -penia
    abnormal reduction
  17. -phobia
    condition of abnormal fear or sensitivity
  18. -plegia
    paralysis
  19. -pnea
    breathing
  20. -ptosis
    falling or downward displacement
  21. -rrhage
    -rrhagia
    to burst forth (usually blood)
  22. -rrhea
    discharge
  23. -spasm
    involuntary contraction
  24. -y
    condition or process of
  25. a-
    an-
    without
  26. auto-
    self
  27. bi-
    two or both
  28. brady-
    slow
  29. de-
    from, down, or not
  30. dia-
    across or through
  31. dys-
    painful, difficult, or faulty
  32. endo-
    within
  33. epi-
    upon
  34. eu-
    normal
  35. hyper-
    above or excessive
  36. hypo-
    below or deficient
  37. macro-
    large
  38. meta-
    beyond, after, or change
  39. micro-
    small
  40. neo-
    new
  41. ortho-
    straight, normal, or correct
  42. poly-
    many
  43. tachy-
    fast
  44. arthr/o
    joint
  45. cephal/o
    head
  46. gastr/o
    stomach
  47. my/o
    muscle
  48. oste/o
    bone
  49. ot/o
    ear
  50. cyst/o
    bladder or sac
  51. hydr/o
    water
  52. rect/o
    rectum
  53. varic/o
    swollen, twisted vein
  54. cardi/o
    heart
  55. dips/o
    thrist
  56. phag/o
    eat or swallow
  57. phas/o
    speech
  58. phren/o
    diaphragm, mind
  59. pneumon/o
    air or lung
  60. psych/o
    mind
  61. schiz/o
    split
  62. thym/o
    thymus gland or mind
  63. ur/o
    urine
  64. glyc/o
    sugar (glucose)
  65. isch/o
    to hold back
  66. leuk/o
    white
  67. lip/o
    fat
  68. ox/o
    oxygen
  69. bronch/o
    bronchus (airway)
  70. iatr/o
    treatment
  71. appendic/o
    appendix
  72. dermat/o
    skin
  73. hepat/o
    liver
  74. metr/o
    metri/o
    uter/o
    uterus
  75. nas/o
    rhin/o
    nose
  76. oophor/o
    ovary
  77. pharyng/o
    pharynx or throat
  78. phleb/o
    ven/o
    vein
  79. salping/o
    uterine or fallopian tube
  80. thromb/o
    clot
  81. tonsil/o
    tonsil
  82. vagin/o
    vagina
  83. chondr/o
    cartilage
  84. laryng/o
    larynx (voice box)
  85. trache/o
    trachea
  86. acr/o
    extremity or topmost
  87. megal/o
    large
  88. splen/o
    spleen
  89. ather/o
    fatty or lipid paste
  90. arteri/o
    artery
  91. cyt/o
    cell
  92. isch/o
    to hold back
  93. kyph/o
    humpback
  94. lord/o
    bent
  95. nephr/o
    kidney
  96. neur/o
    nerve
  97. scoli/o
    twisted
  98. scler/o
    hard
  99. sten/o
    narrow
  100. vertebr/o
    spondyl/o
    vertebra
  101. chol/e
    bile
  102. lith/o
    stone
  103. aden/o
    gland
  104. carcin/o
    cancer
  105. fibr/o
    fiber
  106. melan/o
    black
  107. onc/o
    tumor
  108. plas/o
    formation
  109. sarc/o
    flesh
  110. erythr/o
    red
  111. phot/o
    light
  112. blephar/o
    eyelid
  113. hemi-
    half
  114. para-
    alongside of or abnormal
  115. quadri-
    four
  116. men/o
    month (menstruation)
  117. enter/o
    small intestine
  118. cerebr/o
    largest part of the brain
  119. pulmon/o
    lung
  120. thyroid/o
    thyroid gland (shield)
  121. lymph/o
    clear fluid
  122. path/o
    disease
  123. troph/o
    nourishment or development
  124. acute
    sharp, a condition that has intense, often severe symptoms and a short course
  125. benign
    mild or noncancerous
  126. chronic
    a condition that develops slowly and persists over a period of time.
  127. degeneration
    gradual deterioration of normal cells and body functions.
  128. degenerative disease
    any disease in which deteroration of the structure or function of tissue occurs.
  129. etiology
    the cause of a disease
  130. exacerbation
    an aggravation or flare up of symptoms
  131. febrile
    fever or elevated temp
  132. localized
    limited to a definite area or part
  133. malignant
    harmful or cancerous
  134. remission
    a period in which symptoms and signs stop or abate
  135. sign
    a mark, objective evidence of disease that can be seen, verified by an examiner
  136. symptom
    subjective evidence...patient own words
  137. syndrome
    a running together: combination of symptoms and signs that gove a distinct clinical picture indicating a particular condition or disease (eg. menopausal syndrome)

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