Summer HW test

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anechkkaa
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Summer HW test
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2012-09-17 23:20:38
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  1. Which concept of government is being referred to in the quotation?
    System of checks and balances
  2. In most of the thirteen original colonies, the settlers gained experience in self government by..
    electing members of colonial assemblies
  3. Which of the following democratic practices of the American heritage cannot be found in English history?
    a written constitution
  4. As a result of the Albany Congress of 1754..
    an experiment in intercolonial legislature was established
  5. The most singnificant step towards intercolonial union was...
    the New England Confederation
  6. Colonial legislatures were often able to control royal governors by..
    controlling finances, including the governors salary
  7. According to Jeffersons Declaration of Independence, governments recieve their authority and power from..
    the people
  8. The ideas expressed in the preceding excerpt from the Declaration of Independence are consistent with the writings of which pair of Enlightenment thinkers?
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau and John Locke
  9. A review of the events that came before the American Revolution indicates that...
    As late as February 1775, reconcilation was probably possible
  10. According to the Declaration of Independence, the purpose of government is to..
    secure the people in their natural rights
  11. The original reason for adding bill of rights to early state constitutions was to...
    prohibit state governments from depriving individuals of basic rights
  12. The colonial branch of government that Americans had grown to suspect most during the period before the Revolution was the...
    executive branch
  13. Among the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation was..
    the need for a unanimous vote to amend the Articles
  14. Which of the following best describes the "United States" under the Articles of Confederation?
    Free and independent states loosely held together by a Confederation Congress
  15. The Declaration of Independence...
    directed the grievances of the colonists against George III
  16. Arrested persons claiming they have already been acquitted of the charge for which they are now bein tried are claiming the defense of...
    Double Jeopardy
  17. The right of government to take private property for public use, providing just compensation is made, is knoown as...
    eminent domain
  18. When a judge tells the accused person what he or she is charged with and that he or she may have legal counsel or a jury trial, the accused is being...
    informed of constitutional rights
  19. The principle of Federalism as established by the United States Constitution provides for the..
    division of power between the state governments and the national government
  20. The Great Compromise of the Constitutional Convention of 1787 concerned the..
    representation of the states in Congress
  21. Which of the following compromises made at the Constitutional Convention was later changed by a constitutional member?
    Three Fifths Compromise
  22. The Constitution differed most from the Articles of Conferederation in that the Contitution..
    gave greater power to the federal government
  23. Which of the following is an illustration of the system of checks and balances?
    the Senate must approve an appointment by the President to the Supreme Court
  24. The powers of Congress were limited by the Constitution, chiefly because..
    representatives of the states feared too powerful a central government.
  25. Within the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution is one providing..
    for the right of the people to petition the government
  26. Much of the authority of the United States Supreme Court is based on its power to...
    interpret the federal Constitution
  27. The most serious threat to democracy resulting from high elevations campaign costs is that, once elected, candidates frequently..
    owe loyalty to a few major contributors
  28. The confirmation flight referred to in the headline is one that would place aomg..
    Senators
  29. When Congress makes laws "necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers", it is using..
    implied powers
  30. Which headline would be an example of judicial review?
    Judiciary Rules Law Unconstitutional
  31. The Supreme Court is not so much a court of justice as Americas ultimate lawmaking body.
    This statement is most concerned with the power of the US Supreme Court to...
    exercise judicial review
  32. Which headline is the best example of the application of the system of checks and balances?
    Supreme Court Nominee Rejected by Senate
  33. An assumption that may be drawn from the headline is that the President has..
    approached the end of his term of office
  34. The arguement over the creation of the Bank of the United States concerned..
    wheather or not the constitution provided for congressional authority to create a bank
  35. The Supreme Court under Chief Justice Jorn Marshall influenced United States history in that the Court...
    helped to create a sense of national unity by strengthening the federal government
  36. Which of the following practices has changed from custom and tradition to become part of the written Constitution?
    limiting the number of terms for the presidency
  37. The quotation expresses the postition on the Constitution advocated by...
    a loose or broad contrustionist
  38. The preceding quotation is most likely from..
    Hamiltons opinions on the contitutionality of the National Bank
  39. All of the following are characteristics of the Embargo Act of 1807, EXCEPT...
    it was Americas last attempt at economic pressure on warring European nations
  40. The vote in favor of war in 1812 in the House of Representatives indicated that...
    the country was divided over going to war with England
  41. The original Monroe Doctrine was part of..
    a message to Congress
  42. The significance of the Supreme Courts decision in Gibbons v. Ogden (1803) was that it affirmed that...
    trade involving two or more states on the nations internal waterways fell under the commerce clause of the Constitution and therefore was subject to congressional control
  43. In the Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857) decision, the Supreme Court held that...
    Congress could not prohibit slavery in the territories
  44. Chief Justice John Marshall is rememberred most accurately for...
    Increasing the power and role of the Supreme Court
  45. The election of Andrew Jackson in 1828 indicated that..
    Political power was shifting to the Western states
  46. All of the following were arguements of Southerners in their defense of slavery EXCEPT...
    Most European nations still used slave labor
  47. The most critical question facing the nation in the 1850s was...
    the extension of slavery into the territories
  48. The history of the tariff between 1800 and 1860 shows that..
    the tariff issue contributed to the conflict between the North and South over states' rights
  49. The passage of the Wilmot Proviso would have resulted in...
    the banning of slavery in any territory recieved from Mexico
  50. The Dred Scott decision held that a slave...
    was private property even in free territory
  51. President Lincolns interpretation and use of the Constitution was...
    influenced by his war aims
  52. The Emancipation Proclamation....
    freed slaves only in those areas where the North was not in control
  53. Many of Lincolns actions during the Civil War would have been supported by a...
    loose constructionist of the Constitution
  54. The greatest threat to civil liberties during the Civil War was the....
    Use of treasury funds by the President without initial Congressional approval
  55. The Emancipation Proclomation was..
    a use of the elastic cause
  56. The slaves were finally freed by the...
    capture of Richmond
  57. Which of the reasons listed below was the most important for social and political mobility in the English colonices of North America during the 17th and 18th centuries?
    Existence of a strong cultural heritage
  58. The best evidence that a nation is a democracy is its provisions for..
    a limited government responsible to the people
  59. Which feature of the current day US government is based upon the principles found in the Magna Carta (1215) and the English Bill of Rights (1689)?`
    power of the House of Representatives to originate all revenue bills
  60. The Mayflower Compact was...
    an agreement to submit to the wil of the majority
  61. The Dominon of New England was designed to...
    Enforce the Navigation Acts
  62. Most English subjects came to America in the colonial period to...
    find economic oppurtunity
  63. "Direct Democracy" is best illustrated by the...
    New England town meeting
  64. The most troubling aspect of the Proclamation of 1763 for the colonists was that it....
    discouraged settlement on western lands
  65. The American victory at Yorktown ini 1781....
    was assisted by French control of the sea
  66. The Articles of Confederation....
    Created a national government that did not have adequate taxation powers
  67. The Convention in 1787 at Philadelphia was called for the purpose of...
    revising the Articles of Confederation
  68. Under the original Constitution, the only government officials elected directly by qualified voters were...
    representatives
  69. The provision that all powers not delegated to the national government are reserved to the states is included within...
    the Bill of Rights
  70. In conflicts between the national Constitution and state constitutions, the national Constitution..
    states that is the supreme law of the land and therfore takes precedence over state constitutions
  71. Political parties were formed early during the countrys history and were one of the earliest examples of...
    the unwritten constitution
  72. Hamiltons arguements in support of a national bank included all the following EXCEPT...
    the bank was among the listed, or enumerated, powers of congress
  73. Washingtons Farewell Address...
    Advocated temporary, nonentangling alliances
  74. In general, support for war against England in 1812 came from...
    agrarian interests in the West and the South
  75. The basis for federal control over interstate commerce was affirmed by the Supreme Court in...
    Gibbons v. Ogden
  76. The Monroe Doctrine was...
    basically a self defense measure

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