Chapter 13 pt.1

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Chapter 13 pt.1
2012-09-14 16:40:48
chapter 13 pt flashcards

flashcards for part 1 of chapter 13
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  1. unconscious
    • accoridng to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories.
    • according to modern psychologists, it's information processing of which we are unaware.
  2. unconditional positive regard
    according to Rogers, an attitude of total acceptance toward another person.
  3. trait
    a characteristic pattern of behavior or a disposition to feel and act, as assessed by self report inventories and peer reports.
  4. TAT, thematic appreciation test
    a projective test where people express their inner feelings and thoughts about an ambiguous picture
  5. terror-management theory
    a theory of death related anxiety, explores people's emotional and behavioral responses to reminders of their impending DOOOOM
  6. superego
    your idealistic self, your sense of morals, your conscience, your lofty goals, etc
  7. spotlight effect
    overestimating others noticing our appearance, clothes, performance, blunders (as though a spotlight is shining on us when we walk in the room, and everyone is just picking us apart positively or negatively)
  8. social cognitive perspective
    views behavior as the interaction between people's traits (including their thinking) and their social context
  9. self-serving bias
    a readiness to perceive oneself favorably
  10. self esteem
    one's feelings of high or low worth
  11. self concept
    all our thoughts and feelings about ourselves, in answer to the question, "who am I"
  12. self actualization
    according to Maslow, one of the ultimate psychological needs that arises after basic physical and pyschological needs are met, and self esteem is achieved; the motivation to fulfill one's potential.
  13. self
    in modern psychology it's the organizer of thoughts, feelings and actions. the center of our personality, (our overall average self.)
  14. repression
    in psychoanalytic theory, the basic mechanism that banishes anxiety arising thoughts, emotions and memories from the consciousness.
  15. regression
    psychoanalytic perspective it's a defense mechanism, when faced by extreme anxiety we return to an earlier infantile pscyhosexual stage, where some psychic energy remains fixtated.
  16. reciprocal determinism
    the interacting influences of behavior, internal cognition and environment
  17. reaction formation
    • A defense mechanism where an individual acts in a manner opposite from his or her unconscious beliefs. A homosexual who joined a gay hate group would be an example of reaction formation. Freud believed that
    • defense mechanisms helped us cope with the world around us by letting us repress our deepest unconscious fears.
  18. rationalization
    • Rationalization is a defense mechanism identified by Freud. According to Freud when people are not able to deal with the reasons they behave in particular ways, they protect themselves by creating self-justifying explanations for their behaviors. For example, if I
    • flunk out of school because I didn't study properly it might be so hard for me to deal with that I rationalize my behaviors by saying that I simply didn't have enough time to study because I have a full-time job, a baby at home, and so many other demands on my time.
  19. psychosexual stages
    Feud's stages of devolpment in which the id focuses it's pleasure senses: oral, anal, phallic, then latent and genital.
  20. psychoanalysis
    Feud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts: the technigues used in treating psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret unconscious tensions