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Medical terminology chapter
Medical terminology questions for chapter 3.
The suffix -ium can mean _______, tissue, or thing, and the suffix -y can mean condition or ______.
What is the myocardium?
Cardiac muscle surrounding each chamber of the heart.
What is the acronym for red blood cells?
What is the acronym also used to refer to Leukocytes?
How many types of mature leukocytes are there?
Five: Neutrophils, Eosinophils, Basophils, Monoctyes, and Lymphocytes.
What are granulocytes?
Any granule-containing cell - ex: the Leukocytes called Neutrophil, Eosinophil, and Basophil.
What do basophils secrete?
Heparin (an anticlotting substance) and histamine (a chemical that is releaed in allergic, inflammatory reactions).
What do eosinophils do?
They increase in number to help the body protect itself from allergens.
What do neutrophils do?
They are the body's primary "soldiers" against bacterial infection, arriving first at the scene of injury where they act as strong phagocytes.
What are lymphocytes?
Lymphocytes are a type of mononuclear white blood cell that can both attack infections agents directly and can produce special proteins called antibodies to destroy foreign cells.
What are monocytes?
Monocytes are types of mononuclear leukocytes that destroy the debris left after neutrophils have attacked foreign cells. They can also leave the blood to enter tissue to become macrophages.
Name as many suffixes that refer to "pertaining to".
-ac/-iac, -al, -ar, -ary, -eal, -ic/-ical, -ose, -ous, -tic
What is the suffix that refers to "resembling"?
What does "ischemia" mean?
A deficiency of blood in a part, usually caused by constriction or obstruction of a blood vessel and often marked by pain and organ dysfunction.
Name 4 suffixes refering to "small".
-cle, -ule, -olus, -ole
Development, formation, growth
Production, formation of
Dilation or expension of
What is cardiomyopathy?
Chest discomfort due to imparied diastolic filling or outflow obstruction resulting in symptoms of dyspnea and angina due to reduced stroke volume.
What is hypertrophy?
The overgrowth or enlargement of an organ or body part caused by an increase in the size of its cells.
What is hyperplasia?
An abnormal increase or multiplication in the number of normal cells of a body part.
What is myelopoiesis?
Refers to the formation of bone marrow or its associated cells.
Defect or lack of cartilage growth
Condition of producing, forming
Pertaining to producing, produced by, or in
What does pathogenesis mean?
The source or cause of an illness.
What does pathology mean?
The study of disease.
What is pathologic?
Pertaining to disease process.
What does carcinogenic mean?
Pertaining to the formation of cancer.
What does carcinogenesis?
The forming of cancer.
What is osteogenic mean?
Pertains to something produced by or in bone, or that produces bone.
Condition, usually abnormal
What does pneumonia mean?
An abnormal condition of the lung.
What is arteriosclerosis?
A hardening of one or more arteries.
What is leukocytosis?
An abnormal condition of the white cells.
What does hydronephrosis mean?
A water or fluid condition of the kidney.
What is tachycardia?
An increased, rapid heartbeat (over 100 bpm).
What is bradycardia?
A slow heartbeat (less than 60 bpm).
Deficiency of urine production.
What does pneumonia mean?
What is endocarditis?
Inflammation of the endocardium.
What is bronchitis?
Inflammation of the bronchi.
What is leukocytopenia?
A deficiency in white blood cells.
What is erythropenia?
Deficiency in red blood cells.
What is neutropenia?
A deficiency of neutrophils.
What is thrombocytopenia?
A deficiency of thrombocytes.
Fear of heights.
Fear of crowded places.
Pain in the intercostal muscles due to muscular rheumatism or irritation of the pleural, or lung surfaces.
What is splenomegaly?
An enlargement of the spleen, usually seen in hypertension in the hepatic veins and in hemolytic diseases.
What is lymphedema?
A condition characterizzed by the accumulation of lymph in soft tissue and resultant swelling caused by obstruction, inflammation, or removal of lymph channels.
What is acromegaly?
A pituitary growth hormone disease characterized by enlargement of the bones of the hands, feet, jaw, and cheeks.
What is encephalocele?
A hernial protrusion of the brain through a congenital defect in the skull.
Breakdown, destruction, separation
What is hemolysis?
The breakdown of the erythrocyte membrane, causing the release of hemoglobin.
What is hemostatis?
The process of stopping blood flow, either naturally or artificially.
What is metastatis?
The process by which a tumor spreads to distant sites in the body.
What is cardiorrhexis?
Rupture of the heart.
Drooping, sagging, prolapse
What is osteomalacia?
A softening of the bones.
What is chondromalacia?
The softening of the cartilage.
What is blepharoptosis?
A prolapse of the upper eyelid.
What is a radiographer?
A technologist who assists in the making of diagnostic x-ray images.
What is a radiologist?
A physician who specializes in the diagnostic interpretation of the final x-ray examination image.
Process of viewing
Process of visual examination
Instrument for visual examination
What is a necropsy?
A postmortem exam or autopsy.
Wbat is a laparoscopy?
A visual examination of the internal structure of the abdomen without use of extensive surgery but instead uses an instrument called a laparoscope.
What is peritoneoscopy?
A visual examination through a scope of the contents of the peritoneum without extensive surgery.
What is arthroscopy?
A visual examination of the joint without use of extensive surgery.
What is angiography?
The process of obtaining radiographic images of the blood vessels following injection of contrast dye.
What is a mammogram?
A visual record of the internal structures of the breast.
What is a myelogram?
A visual record of the spinal cord or bone marrow.
What is echocardiography?
A procedure that uses ultrasonic waves directed through the heart to study the structure and motion of the heart.
What is a transesophageal echocardiography (TEE)?
A machine that images the heart through a trasducer introduced into the esophagus.
What is a myocardial infarction?
Necrosis of a portion of the myocardial muscle due to obstruction in a coronary artery caused by atherosclerosis or a thrombus or spasm. Also called heart attack.
What is an angioplasty?
Inolves opening a narrowed blood vessel using a balloon that is inserted into the vessel and then inflated.
Opening to form a mouth
What is a tracheotomy?
To cut into the trachea.
What is a laparotomy?
An incision into the abdomen.
What is a phlebotomy?
An incision into a vein.
What is a tracheostomy?
A surgical creation of an artificial opening into the trachea through the neck (can be for the purpose of inserting a tube to relieve upper airway obstruction and assist ventilation).
Surgical puncture to remove fluid
What is an atherectomy?
The removal of plaque through a catheter with a rotating shaver.
What is a mastectomy?
Removal of a breast
What is pericardiocentesis?
Aspiration of fluid from the pericardium to diagnose and treat cardiac tamponade.
What is abdominocentesis?
An aspiration of fluid from the abdominal cavity by surgical puncture. Also called paracentesis.
What is thoracentesis?
A surgical puncture of the parietal cavity for diagnostic or therapeutic aspiration of fluid.
What is endocarditis?
Inflammation of the thin tissue that lines each chamber and valve of the heart.