ASTB Aviation

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Author:
esmenikmati
ID:
170946
Filename:
ASTB Aviation
Updated:
2012-09-15 16:11:47
Tags:
aviation ASTB prep
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Description:
Av only
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  1. Port
    Left
  2. Starboard
    Right
  3. aft
    behind
  4. Right of way: 2 powered boats: head-on
    both boats give way, starboard side
  5. Right of way; 2 powered boats: crossing paths
    • vessel on operator's left must give way
    • vessel on operator's right maintains course
  6. Right of way: 2 powered boats: overtaking
    Overtaking vessel must give way, pass on either side
  7. Right of way: Power vs Sail
    Powered vessel always gives way, sailed stands on
  8. Right of way: Power vs Sail: Overtaking
    Overtaking vessel must always give way, pass on either side
  9. Leeward
    Downwind
  10. Right of way: Sail vs Sail
    Leeward vessel maintains course
  11. Right of way: Sail vs Sail head-on, wind on different sides
    Vessel with wind on starboard side is stand-on
  12. If operating power-driven vessel, give way to:
    • All sailing vessels (unless they're overtaking you)
    • Any uncommanded vessel
    • Commercial fishing vessels
    • Any vessel restricted in maneuvering ability
  13. Right of way: Aircraft head-on
    Both aircraft give way to the right
  14. Right of way: Aircraft in distress
    Distress aircraft always has right of way
  15. Right of way: Aircraft overtaking
    Overtaking craft must pass to the right; stay well clear
  16. Right of way: Aircraft converging
    Aircraft to your RIGHT has the right of way
  17. General rule of Aircraft right of way
    Aircraft with least maneuverability has right of way
  18. Aircraft right of way: landing
    • Aircraft of lower altitude has right of way
    • Aircraft on landing approach has right of way over all others in pattern/on the ground
  19. Longitudinal Axis
    • Along fuselage
    • Controls banking left/right
    • Lateral Stability
  20. Lateral Axis
    • Along wings
    • Controls pitch up/down
    • Longitudinal Stability
  21. Longer wings on a plane
    Shallow glide angle
  22. If wing area is doubled
    lift and drag are doubled
  23. Taking off: Headwing
    • Increased takeoff run
    • Increased angle of climb
  24. Taking off: Tailwind
    • Decreased takeoff run
    • Decreased angle of climb
  25. Windlass
    Handles anchor chain
  26. Nautical Mile
    6,076 ft
  27. Nautical:Statue Mile Ratio
    8/7
  28. Weight of gasoline
    6 lb / gallon
  29. Weight of Oil
    7.5 lb / gallon
  30. Weight of Water
    8.35 lb / gallon
  31. Fog caused by
    • warm air over cold water
    • Generally occurs at night
  32. Fog usually forms when
    wet-bulb depression is less than 4 degrees
  33. Aircraft lights: Red
    Port (Left)
  34. Aircraft lights: Green
    Starboard (Right)
  35. Aircraft lights: White
    Direction plane is moving in
  36. Aircraft lights: Yellow
    Special circumstances
  37. Ship Terminology: Freeboard
    Water level to the deck
  38. Ship Terminology: Draft
    Water level to bottom of ship
  39. Ship Terminology: Forecastle
    Bow (forward) half of the deck
  40. Ship Terminology: Fantail
    Stern (rearward) half of the deck
  41. Ship Terminology: Keel
    • Principle structure of ship
    • Runs at the bottom-center from bow to stern
    • All structures connected to keel
  42.  Lubber's Line
    • On a compass: tells you what direction your ship is headed in vs. north
    • (Think of tank in BF3)
  43. Course Line
    A line on a chart going in the direction of wherhe the ship is headed
  44. Humid air is _____ than dry air
    lighter
  45. Leading into the wind
    reduces ground speed
  46. Plane most likely to stall in
    • Banked turns of great degree
    • High angle of attack
  47. Swept wing position
    Decreased drag at high speed
  48. Extended wing position
    • Decreased ground speed during landing
    • Increased lift at slow speeds
  49. Father of the Navy
    John Paul Jones
  50. Camber
    Curvature of top of wing/airfoil
  51. Angle of Attack
    angle formed by chordline and oncoming airflow
  52. Aspect Ratio (Aircraft)
    Wingspan : Wing Width
  53. Aspect Ratio Calculation
    • b^2 / s
    • b: wingspan
    • s: surface area of wing
  54. High aspect ratio
    Long, skinny wings
  55. Low aspect ratio
    Short, stubby wings
  56. Wingload
    • Wing surface area:Aircraft weight
    • (Ratio)
  57. Fly By Wire
    Pilot controls plane via electronics as opposed to mechanics
  58. Autorotation
    Used by helicopter pilots to make emergency landings when engine power is lost
  59. Variation
    Difference between true bearing and magnetic bearing
  60. Sonic Booms are caused by
    abrupt change in pressure across shock wave
  61. F-14 back seater
    Radar Intercept Officer (RIO)
  62. Airport: Blue Light
    Taxiway
  63. Airport: White Light
    Runway
  64. Runway numbers
    • first 2 numbers: compass heading
    • north: runway 36
  65. Flashing white light to aircraft on ground
    return to start point
  66. Flashing white light to ground crew
    return to start point
  67. Steady green light to aircraft in flight
    Cleared to land
  68. Steady green light to aircraft on ground
    Cleared for takeoff
  69. Steady green light to groundcrew
    Cleared to proceed
  70. Flashing green: Aircraft in flight
    cleared to approach/return to land
  71. Flashing green: aircraft on ground
    Cleared to taxi
  72. Steady red: aircraft in flight
    continue circling, give way to other aircraft
  73. Steady red: aircraft on ground
    STOP
  74. Steady red: groundcrew
    STOP
  75. Alternating red/green: all aircraft, groundcrew
    Extreme caution
  76. Blinking runway lights
    Clear the landing area
  77. Pedigree
    When moon is closest to earth
  78. CG
    Guided Missile Cruiser
  79. CA
    Gun Cruiser
  80. CV
    Aircraft carrier
  81. L**
    Amphib/Landing Craft Carrier
  82. BB
    Battleship
  83. S*
    Submarine
  84. A*
    Combat logistics
  85. M*
    Mine warfare
  86. Sailboat: Yawl
    Double mast, rear mast is behind the rudder post
  87. Sailboat: Sloop
    Single mast vessel
  88. Spring tide
    • Large ride and fall of tide around time of new/full moon
    • High tides very high
    • Low tides very low
  89. Neap tide
    • Tides midway between spring tides
    • least height
  90. Ebb tide
    When tide falls after high tide
  91. Order of space programs
    Mercury -> Gemini -> Apollo
  92. Alan Shepherd
    1st American in space
  93. John Glen
    • US Marine
    • 149 combat missions in WWII/Korea
    • First supersonic flight
    • First man to orbit earth (Friendship 7)
  94. Yuri Gagarin
    First man in space
  95. Apollo 11
    • Landed on moon in 1969
    • Armstrong, Aldrin Jr, Collins
  96. Total number of Apollo missions
    17

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