Flowers, inflorescences, and fruits

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Anonymous
ID:
170973
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Flowers, inflorescences, and fruits
Updated:
2012-09-15 01:46:33
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flower inflorescences fruits
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Terminology describing the structures of flowers, inflorescences, and fruits.
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  1. A flower which has all four series
    Complete
  2. A flower with one or more series missing
    Incomplete
  3. A flower with both stamens and carpels, without regard to the state of the perianth
    Perfect
  4. A flower with either stamens or carpels, without regard to the state of the perianth
    Imperfect
  5. A unisexual flower in which stamens are present, the carpels being rudimentary or suppressed
    Staminate
  6. A unisexual flower in which the carpels are present, the stamens being rudimentary or suppressed
    Pistillate
  7. A species of imperfect flowering plant in which any plant bears both staminate and pistillate flowers
    Monoecious
  8. A species of imperfect flowering plant in which any particular plant bears either staminate or pistillate flowers, but not both; the species is composed of separate staminate and pistillate plants
    Dioecious
  9. A species in which the plants bear both perfect and imperfect flowers; polygomonoecious and polygodioecious conditions may be recognized
    Polygamous
  10. How many sepals, petals, stamens, and carpels are indicative of monocot flowers?
    Multiples of 3
  11. How many sepals, petals, stamens, and carpels are indicative of dicot flowers?
    Multiples of 4 or 5
  12. A flower in which the petals, sepals, and stamens are located beneath the ovary
    Hypogynous
  13. The state of the ovary when the petals, sepals, and stamens are inserted below it
    Superior
  14. The type of flower in which the sepals, petals, and stamens are attached at a point above the insertion of the ovary
    Epigynous
  15. The state of the ovary when the sepals, petals, and stamens are attached above it
    Inferior
  16. The receptacle in which the ovary of a plant is contained
    Hypanthium
  17. Combination of sepals and petals
    Perianth
  18. Lobes of the perianth that are away from the inflorescence axis
    Anterior lobe
  19. A tuft or line of hairs on a perianth segment, as in Iris
    Beard
  20. The much reduced hair-like perianth in some sedges
    Bristle
  21. Spurred
    Calcarate
  22. A long, narrow stalk-like base of a petal or sepal
    Claw
  23. Having a claw
    Clawed
  24. Bearing a small horn-like protuberance, as in the milkweed flower
    Corniculate
  25. Any outgrowth situated between the corolla and the androecium, as in the milkweeds or narcissus
    Corona
  26. Another word for stamen
    Androecium
  27. Cross-shaped, as in the sepals and petals of the mustard family
    Cruciform
  28. A helmet, as in the upper sepal of the monk's hood
    Galea
  29. Having a galea
    Galeate
  30. The inflated portion on one side of a calyx or corolla near its base, as in the snapdragon
    Gibbosity
  31. Having a gibbosity
    Gibbous
  32. A component of the corona in the milkweed flower
    Hood
  33. A structure resembling the bottom of a boat, as in the two fused lower petals of many legume flowers
    Keel
  34. Having a raised ridge, as in the keel of a boat
    Keeled
  35. The upper expanded portion of the calyx or corolla situated above the tube, throat or claw
    Limb
  36. The lower, often highly modified petal of an orchid flower; the upper or lower portion of a calyx or corolla which is bilaterally symmetrical, as in many mints
    Lip/labellum
  37. A part of a perianth segment that represents a major division
    Lobe
  38. The highly reduced perianth of the grasses
    Lodicule
  39. A raised area or rounded projection which more or less obstructs the throat of a sympetalous corolla
    Palate
  40. The reduced perianth of the aster family (Compositae)
    Pappus
  41. Petal-like
    Petaloid
  42. The lobe next to the inflorescence axis
    Posterior lobe
  43. Pouch-like, as in the lower petal of some orchids
    Saccate
  44. Sepal-like
    Sepaloid
  45. A sac-like or tubular projection from the perianth, as in the columbines; often associated with nectaries
    Spur
  46. The upper petal of a papilinoid or of a caealpinioid legume
    Standard
  47. Inflated on one side of the calyx or corolla at about the middle; see also gibbous
    Ventricose
  48. Without petals
    Apetalous
  49. Without sepals
    Asepalous
  50. Without sepals or petals
    Naked
  51. With a perianth of both sepals and petals
    Biseriate
  52. With a perianth of a single series, the components arbitrarily designated as sepals or tepals
    Uniseriate
  53. With separate sepals
    Asosepalous
  54. With separate petals
    Apopetalous
  55. Separateness of like parts, as in the petals from one another or the sepals from one another
    Distinct
  56. With fused sepals
    Synsepalous
  57. With fused petals
    Sympetalous
  58. Fusion of like parts, as in petals fused to one another
    Connate
  59. The tube of a synsepalous calyx
    Calyx tube
  60. The tube of a sympetalous corolla
    Corolla tube
  61. Sepals and petals radiating from the center of the flower; the sepals are all similar to one another, as are the petals to one another
    Actinomorphic
  62. The perianth constituted in such a way that only a median plane will yield two equal halves, as in most orchids or the sweet pea flower
    Zygomorphic
  63. The perianth constituted in such a way that it is not possible to divide it into two equal halves, as in the canna flower
    Irregular
  64. The opening at the top of the cylindrical tube of a corolla
    Throat
  65. Bell-shaped
    Campanulate
  66. Cross-shaped, as in most members of the mustard family
    Cruciate
  67. The elongate tube gradually widening into the limb, as in the morning glory family
    Funnelform
  68. Saucer or wheel-shaped; the tube very short, the throat and limb abruptly flawed
    Rotate
  69. The tube elongate, the throat and limb abruptly flared
    Salverform
  70. More or less spherical
    Subglobose
  71. Throat and limb only slightly wider than the elongate tube
    Tubular
  72. Urn-shaped, as in many members of the heath family
    Urceolate
  73. Literally "two-lipped," with some petals forming an upper lip, while the others form a lower lip, as in many mints
    Bilabiate

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