medical terminology

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Author:
mattnjaneal
ID:
171005
Filename:
medical terminology
Updated:
2012-09-15 11:57:08
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planes quadrants regions positioning
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Description:
ch.2 seminar med term p.28-31
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  1. median plane
    vertical plane that passes through the midline of the body and divides the body or organ into equal right and left sides; also called midsagittal plane
  2. frontal plane
    plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior portions; also called coronal plane
  3. horizontal plane
    plane that separates the  body into superior and inferior portions; also called transverse plane
  4. RUQ
    contains the right lobe of the liver, the gallbladder, part of the pancreas, and part of the small and large instestine
  5. RLQ
    contains part of the small and large intestine, the appendix, the right ovary, the right fallopian tube, and the right ureter
  6. LUQ
    contaien the left lobe of the liver, the stomach, the spleen, part of the pancreas, and part of the small and large intestine
  7. LLQ
    contains part of the small and large intestine, the left ovary, the left fallopian tube, and the left ureter
  8. right hypochondriac
    upper right region located under the cartilage of the ribs
  9. left hypochondriac
    upper left region located under the cartilage of the ribs
  10. right lumbar
    middle right region located near the waist
  11. left lumbar
    middle left region located near the waist
  12. right iliac
    lower right region located near the groin (also called right inguinal region)
  13. left iliac
    lower left region located near the groin (also called left inguinal region)
  14. epigastric
    middle region located above the stomach
  15. umbilical
    middle region located in the area of the umbilicus, or naval
  16. hypogastric
    lower middle region located below the stomach and umbilical region
  17. knee-chest position
    patient is assissted into a kneeling position with the buttocks elevated.  The head and chest are on the table, and the arms are extended above the head and flexed at the elbow.  This position facilitates examination of the rectum.
  18. lithotomy position
    patient is assisted into a supin (lying on the back) position.  The legs are sharply flexed at the knees, and the feet are placed in stirrups.  This position is used for vaginal examination and the Pap test.
  19. dorsal recumbent position
    patient is assisted into a supine position.  The legs are sharply flexed at the knees, and the feet are placed on the table.  This position is used to examine the vagina and rectum in the female and the rectum in the male.
  20. sims position
    patient is assisted into a side-lying postion on the left side.  The left arm is placed behind the body and the right arm is moved forward and lflexed at the elbow.  Both legs are flexed at the kneee, but the right leg is sharply flexed and positioned next to the left leg, which is slightly flexed.  This position is used to examine the vagina and rectum in the female and the rectum in the male.  Sims position is also used to administer an enema.
  21. prone position
    patient is assisted to lie flat on the abdomen with the head turned slightly to the side.  The arms are extended above the head or alongside the body.  Prone position is used to examine the back, spine, and lower extremities.
  22. fowler position
    patient is assisted into a semi-sitting position.  The head of the examination table is tilted to produce a 45- to 60-degree anglw with patient's knees bent or not bent.  An angle of 45 degrees or more is considered high fowler position; an angle of approximately 30 degrees is considered semi-fowler position.  This position promotes lung expansion.  It is used if the patient has difficulty breathing.
  23. supine position
    patient is assisted to lie flat on their back with arms at the sides.  This position is used to examine the chest, heart, abdomen, and extremities.  It is also used to examine the head and neck as well as in certain neurologic reflex testing.

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