Medical Terminology

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sramos
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171015
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Medical Terminology
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2012-09-15 12:59:51
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Medical Terminology Systems 6th Edition Suffixes
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Suffixes
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  1. -itis
    inflammation

    • gastr +  itis           arthr +  itis      
    • (stomach)            (joint)
  2. -emesis
    vomiting

    • hemat  +  emesis              hyper  +  emesis
    • (blood)                            (excessive, above normal)
  3. -dynia
    pain

    • gastr/o  +  dynia
    • (stomach)
  4. -logy
    study of

    • hemat/o   +   logy
    • (blood)
  5. -centesis
    surgical puncture

    • arthr/o    +    centesis
    • (joint)
  6. -clasis
    to break; surgical fracture

    • oste/o + clasis - surgical fracture of a bone to correct
    • (bone)                a deformity
  7. - desis
    binding; fixation (of a bone or joint)

    • arthr/o + desis - surgical procedure to fuse bones across the
    • (joint)                joint space in degenerated, unstable joint
  8. -ectomy
    excision; removal

    • append  +  ectomy - excision of the appendix
    • (appendix)
  9. -lysis
    separation; destruction; loosening

    • thromb/o + lysis - destruction of a blood clot
    • (blood clot)
  10. -pexy
    fixation (of an organ)

    • mast/o  +  pexy - elective surgery performed to affix sag-
    • (breast)                ging breasts in a more elevated position,
    •                             commonly improving their shape
  11. -plasty
    surgical repair

    • rhin/o  +  plasty - surgical repair of the nose; changes
    • (nose)                   size or shape
  12. -rrhaphy
    suture

    • my/o  +  rrhaphy - suture of a muscle
    • (muscle)
  13. -stomy
    forming an opening (mouth)

    • trache/o   +   stomy - forming an opening into the upper
    • (trachea)                    airway
  14. -tome
    instrument to cut

    • oste/o  +   tome
    • (bone)
  15. -tomy
    incision

    • trache/o  +  tomy -       performed to gain access to an open
    • (trachea/windpipe)      airway below a blockage
  16. -tripsy
    crushing

    • lith/o + tripsy -   surgical procedure for eleminating a stone
    • (stone, calculus) in the kidney, ureter,bladder,or gallbladder
  17. -gram
    record, writing

    • electr/o/cardi/o  +  gram - record of electrical activity of
    • (elecricity)(heart)              the heart
  18. -graph
    instrument for recording

    • cardi/o +  graph - records electrical activity of the heart
    • (heart)
  19. -graphy
    process of recording

    • angi/o   +  graphy -       records blood vessels after injection
    • (vessel, blood/lymph)   of a contrast medium
  20. -meter
    instrument for measuring

    • pelv/i   +  meter - instrument for measuring the pelvis
    • (pelvis)
  21. -metry
    act of measuring

    • pelv/i  +  metry -  act or process of measuring the
    • (pelvis)                 dimension of the pelvis
  22. -scope
    instrument for examining

    • endo  +  scope  -  a flexible or rigid instrument consisting
    • (in, within)          of a tube and optical system for observing
    •                             the inside of a hollow organ or cavity.
  23. -scopy
    visual examination

    • endo   +  scopy - performed to visualize a bodyty cavity or
    • (in, within)          canal using a specialized lighted instru-
    •                             ment called an endoscope
  24. -algia
    pain

    • neur   +   algia - pain usu. occurs along the path of a
    • (nerve)               nerve      
  25. -dynia
    pain, ache

    • ot/o  +  dynia - pain in the ear; earache
    • (ear)
  26. -cele
    hernia, swelling

    • hepat/o  +  cele - hernia of the liver
    • (liver)
  27. -ectasis
    dilation, expansion

    • bronchi  +  ectasis - dilation or expansion of one or more
    • (pl of bronchus)       bronchi
  28. -edema
    swelling

    • lymph  +  edema - swelling & accumulation of tissue fluid
    • (lymph, tissue fluid)
  29. -emia
    blood condition

    • an + emia -           blood condition caused by decrease
    • (without, not)       in red blood cells (erythrocytes)
  30. -gen
    forming, producing, origin

    • carcin/o  +  gen - a substance or agent, such as cigarettes,
    • (cancer)               that causes the development or increases
    •                             the incidence of cancer
  31. -genisis
    forming, producing, origin

    • carcin/o + genesis - the transformation of normal cells
    • (cancer)                   into cancer cells, commonly as a 
    •                                 result of chemical, viral, or radio-
    •                                 active damage to genes
  32. -iasis
    abnormal condition (produced by something specific)

    • chol/e     +  lith  +  iasis -           presence or formation of
    • (bile, gall) + (stone, calculus)    gallstones in the gall-
    •                                                    bladder or common bile
    •                                                    duct
  33. -lith
    stone, calculus

    • chol/e  +  lith - gallstone
    • (bile, gall)
  34. -malacia
    softening

    • chondr/o  +  malacia - softening of the articular cartilage,
    • (cartilage)                    usually involving the patella
  35. -megaly
    enlargement

    • cardi/o + megaly - enlargement of the heart
    • (heart)
  36. -oma
    tumor

    • neur  +  oma - a benign tomor composed of nerve tissue
    • (nerve)
  37. -osis
    abnormal condition; increase (used primarily w/ bldcells)

    • cyan + osis - dark blue or purple discoloration of the skin
    • (blue)            & mucous membrane (indicates a deficiency
    •                       of O2 in the blood)
  38. -pathy
    disease

    • my/o   +  pathy - disease of muscle
    • (muscle)
  39. -penia
    decrease, deficiency

    • erythr/o + penia - decrease in rbc
    • (red)
  40. -phagia
    eating, swallowing

    • dys   +   phagia -          inability or difficulty in swallowing
    • (bad; painful; difficult)
  41. -phasia
    • speech
    • a    +     phasis  -  absence or impairment of speech
    • (w/o, not)
  42. -phobia
    fear

    • hem/o  +  phobia  - fear of blood
    • (blood)
  43. -plasia
    formation, growth

    • dys  +  plasia  -              abnormal formation of an anatomic
    • (bad, painful, difficult)  structure (growth of cells, tissues,
    •                                        or organs)
  44. -plasm
    formation, growth

    • neo  +  plasm - new formation or growth of tissue; such as
    • (new)                a tumor or growth (produces a lump)
  45. -plegia
    paralysis

    • hemi  +  plegia - paralysis of one side of the body; usu.
    • (half)                  caused by a brain injury or stroke
  46. -ptosis
    prolapse, downward, displacement

    • blephar/o  +  ptosis - drooping of upper eyelid
    • (eyelid)
  47. -rrhage
    bursting forth (of)

    • hem/o  +  rrhage - bursting forth (of) blood; refers to a lg.
    • (blood)                  amt of blood w/in a short period, either
    •                               internally or externally
  48. -rrhagia
    bursting forth (of)

    • men/o  +  rrhagia -         profuse discharge of blood during
    • (menses, menstruation)  menstruation
  49. -rrhea
    discharge, flow

    • dia  +  rrhea -       abnormally frequent discharge or flow of
    • (through, across)  fluid fecal matter from the bowel
  50. -rrhexis
    rupture

    • arteri/o  +  rrhexis - rupture of an artery
    • (artery)
  51. -sclerosis
    abnormal condition of hardening

    • arteri/o  + sclerosis
    • (artery)
  52. -spasm
    involuntary contraction, twitching (nerve misfire)

    • blephar/o  +  spasm
    • (eyelid)
  53. -stenosis
    narrowing, stricture

    • arteri/o  +  stenosis - abnormal narrowing of an artery
    • (artery)
  54. -toxic
    poison

    • hepat/o + toxic  -  poisonous to the liver
    • (liver)
  55. -trophy
    nourishment, development

    • dys  +  trophy -              abnormal condition caused by
    • (bad;painful;difficult)    improper nutrition or altered meta-
    •                                        bolism
  56. -ac
    pertaining to

    • cardi + ac
    • (heart)
  57. -al
    pertaining to

    • neur  +  al
    • (nerve)
  58. -ar
    pertaining to

    • muscul + ar
    • (muscles)
  59. -ary
    pertaining to

    • pulmon + ary
    • (lung)
  60. -eal
    pertaining to

    • esophag  +  eal
    • (esophogus; food tube)
  61. -ic
    pertaining to

    • thorac + ic
    • (chest)
  62. -ical
    pertaining to

    • path/o     + log      +     ical -       pertaining to the study of
    • (disease)  (study of)                    disease
  63. -ile
    pertaining to

    • pen  +  ile
    • (penis)
  64. -ior
    pertaining to

    • poster + ior
    • (back of body, behind)
  65. -ous
    pertaining to

    • cutane latin +  ous
    • (skin)
  66. -tic
    pertaining to

    • acous   +   tic
    • (hearing)
  67. -esis
    condition

    • di     +    ur   +   esis -      abnormal secretion of lg amts of
    • (double) (urine)               urine
  68. -ia
    condition

    • pneumon + ia -   infection of the lung usu. caused by
    • (air; lung)            bacteria, viruses, or diseases
  69. -ism
    condition

    • hyper               +                 thyroid        +           ism
    • (excessive, above normal) (thyroid gland)
    • - a condition characterized by overactivity of the thyroid
    •   gland
  70. -iatry
    medicine; treatment

    • pod  +  iatry - specialty concerned w/ treatment &
    • (foot)              prevention of conditions of the feet
  71. -ician
    specialist

    • obstetr   +  ician - physicial who specializes in the branch
    • (midwife)             of medicine concerned with pregnancy
    •                              and childbirth
  72. -ist
    specialist

    • hemat/o  +  log    +   ist - physician who specializes in the
    • (blood)      (study of)       treatment of disorders of blood
    •                                         and blood-forming tissues
  73. -y
    condition; process

    • neur/o   +   path    +   y - disease condition of the nerves
    • (nerve)      (disease)
  74. -icle
    small, minute, tiny, little

    • ventr      +      icle  -  small cavity (chamber), as of the brain
    • (belly, belly side)      or heart
  75. -ole
    small, minute, tiny, little

    • arteri   +  ole  - the smallest of the arteries; minute artery
    • (artery - blood away from heart)
    • - arteries narrow to form arterioles, which branch into
    •   capillaries (smallest blood vessels)
  76. -ule
    small, minute, tiny, little

    • ven   +   ule - small vein continuous w/ a capillary
    • (vein - blood into heart)

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