Am. Hist. Ch 21 Terms and Critical Questions

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pkls83
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Am. Hist. Ch 21 Terms and Critical Questions
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2012-09-17 19:28:20
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Am Hist 21 Terms Critical Questions
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Am. Hist. Ch 21 Terms and Critical Questions
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  1. Prohibition
    The period from 1920–1933 during which the Eighteenth Amendment forbidding the manufacture and sale of alcohol was in force in the United States.
  2. speakeasy
    a place where alcoholic drinks were sold and consumed illegally during Prohibition
  3. bootlegger
    a person who smuggled alcoholic beverages into the United States during Prohibition
  4. fundamentalism
    a Protestant religious movement grounded in the belief that all the stories and details in the Bible are literally true.
  5. Clarence Darrow
    the trial lawyer that defended John Scopes; hired by the ACLU
  6. Scopes Trial
    a sensational 1925 court case in which the biology teacher John T. Scopes was tried for challenging aTennessee law that outlawed the teaching of evolution.
  7. flapper
    one of the free-thinking young women who embraced thenew fashions and urban attitudes of the 1920s.
  8. double standard
    a set of principles granting greater sexual freedom to men than to women.
  9. Charles A. Lindbergh
    • made the first nonstop solo flight across the Atlantic in The Spirit of St. Louis
    • May 20, 1927
    • New York City - Paris
    • 33 Hrs 29 Min
  10. George Gershwin
    concert music composer who merged traditional elements with American Jazz
  11. Georgia O'Keefe
    Artist who used intensly colored canvas to capture New York
  12. Sinclair Lewis
    the first American to win the Nobel Prize in literature; famous for the novel Babbitt ridiculing Americans for conformity and materialism
  13. F. Scott Fitzgerald
    • coined the term “Jazz Age” to describe the1920s;
    • Wrote The Great Gatsby revealing the negative side of the period’s gaiety and freedom
  14. Edna St. Vincent Millay
    wrote poems celebrating youth and a life of independence and freedom from traditional constraints
  15. Earnest Hemingway
    wounded in World War I, became the best-known expatriate author. In his novels The Sun Also Rises and A Farewell to Arms, he criticized the glorification of war. He also introduced a tough, simplified style of writing that set a new literary standard
  16. Zora Neale Hurston
    African-American who traveled with a theater company; made it to the top of African-American literary society
  17. James Weldon Johnston
    poet, lawyer, and NAACP executive secretary—the organization fought for legislation to protect African-American rights.It made antilynching laws one of its main priorities.
  18. Marcus Garvey
    immigrant from Jamaica, believed that African Americansshould build a separate society;

    founded the Universal NegroImprovement Association (UNIA)
  19. Harlem Renaissance
    a flowering ofAfrican-American artistic creativity during the 1920s, centered inthe Harlem community of New York City.
  20. Claude McKay
    a novelist, poet, and Jamaican immigrant, was a major figure whose militant verses urged African Americans to resist prejudice and discrimination
  21. Langston Hughes
    the movement’s best-known poet; described the difficult lives of working-class AfricanAmericans
  22. Paul Robeson
    • the son of a one-time slave, became a major dramatic actor;
    • His performance in Shakespeare’s Othello, first in London and later in New York City,was widely acclaimed.
  23. Louis Armstrong
    • trumpet player who joined the Creole Jazz Band
    • Famous for his astounding sense of rhythmand his ability to improvise, Armstrong madepersonal expression a key part of jazz.
  24. Duke Ellington
    a jazz pianist and composer; had ten-piece orchestra at the Cotton Club; helped to produce a music known as "scat"
  25. Bessie Smith
    a female blues singer, was perhaps theoutstanding vocalist of the decade. She recorded on black oriented labels produced by the major record companies.She achieved enormous popularity and in 1927 became the highest-paid black artist in the world.

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