chp9 diseases&procedures

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Author:
tatzchik
ID:
171068
Filename:
chp9 diseases&procedures
Updated:
2012-09-15 18:14:50
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digestive system
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chp9 digestive
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  1. dilation and expansion of the lower esophagus, due to pressure from food accumulation
    achalasia
  2. physical and psychiatric disorder that involves a combination of an intense fear of weight gain, distorted body image, and self-imposed starvation
    anorexia nervosa
  3. inflammation of the appendix
    appendicitis
  4. accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal (abdominal) cavity
    ascites
  5. partial or complete blockage of the small or large intestine,

    causes: volvulus, intussusception, tumors, & adhesions (scartissue)
    bowel obstruction
  6. physical and psychiatric disorder that involves a combination of obsessively eating huge quantities of food with purging behaviors
    bulimia nervosa
  7. infection with campylobacter organisms via contaminated food or water, resulting in intestinal illness
    campylobacter infection
  8. disorder in which the lining of the small intestine is damaged due to dietary factors, resulting in impaired nutrient absorption
    celiac disease
  9. inflammation of the gallbladder, usually secondary to the presence of gallstones
    cholecystitis
  10. condition in which gallstones are present in the gallbladder, liver, or biliary ducts
    cholelithiasis
  11. chronic liver disease characterized by scarring and loss of normal structure
    cirrhosis
  12. disorder involving inflammation and edema deep into the layers of the lining of any part of the GI tract
    Crohn disease
  13. inflammation of one or more diverticula (tiny pouches in the intestinal wall)
    diverticulitis
  14. condition in which diverticula form in the intestinal wall due to increased pressure
    diverticulosis
  15. dangerous strain of Escherichia coli tht produces toxins that can severely damage the intestinal lining, resulting in bloody diarrhea
    E. coli

    O157:H7 infection
  16. vomiting
    emesis
  17. varicose veins of the distal end of the esophagus
    esophageal varices
  18. inflammation of the lower esophageal lining
    esophagitis
  19. common term for a number of illnesses caused by eating food contaminated with bacterial or toxic organisms
    aka :
    food poisoning

    dysentery
  20. inflammation of the stomachs mucosal lining
    gastritis
  21. inflammation of the stomach and intestines

    aka stomach flu although influenza is not the cause
    gastroenteritis
  22. backflow of acidic gastric contents into the esophagus, causing esophagitis
    • gastroesophageal reflux disease
    • GERD
  23. internal or external varicose veins of the anal area
    hemorrhoids
  24. chronic inflammation of the liver, caused by one of several viruses
    hepatitis
  25. protrusion of a structure through the wall that normally contains it
    hernia
  26. protrusion of a portion of the stomach through the diaphragm into the chest cavity

    aka
    hiatal hernia

    hiatus hernia
  27. slipping or telescoping of a portion of the bowel into itself
    intussusception
  28. chronic condition characterized by alternating episodes of constipation and diarrhea
    irritable bowel syndrome
  29. condition marked by yellow staining of body tissues and fluids as a result of excessibe levels of bilirubin in the blood
    jaundice
  30. inadequate intake or absorption of protein, vitamins, minerals, or other vital nutrients
    malnutrition
  31. vesicular eruption in or ont he mouth caused by herpesvirus

    aka
    oral herpes

    herpes labialis/ cold sore
  32. infection of the skin or mucous membrane with any specie of candida, but mainly candida albicans
    oral thrush
  33. acute or chronic inflammation of the pancreas
    pancreatitis
  34. inflamed lesion in the gastric or duodenal lining
    peptic ulcer
  35. inflammation of the organs and structures within the peritoneal cavity
    peritonitis
  36. inflammatory condition of both small and large bowels that results in severe watery diarrhea

    aka
    pseudomembranous enterocolitis

    C. diff. colitis
  37. intestinal infection caused by various types of salmonella organisms
    salmonellosis
  38. malabsorption and malnutrition disorder created by the loss of a significant portion of functioning bowel
    short bowel syndrome
  39. blockage of normal passage of intestinal contents
    • small bowel obstruction
    • SBO
  40. chronic inflammatory disease of the lining of the colon and rectum marked by up to 20 liquid, bloody stools per day
    ulcerative colitis
  41. twisting of the bowel upon itself, causing obstruction
    volvulus
  42. enema containing a substance that shows up clearly under x-ray and fluoroscopic examination
    Barium enema
  43. X-ray examination of the esophagus after the patient has swallowed a liquid that contains barium
    barium swallow
  44. computerized collection and transation of multiple x-rays into a 3-dimensional picture, creating a more detailed and accurate immage that traditional x-rays
    computed tomography (CT) scan
  45. radiographic examination through a fiberoptic endoscope of vessels that connect the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas to the duodenum after a radiopaque material has been injected
    • endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
    • ERCP
  46. test of fecal specimen for presence of hidden blood
    • fecal occult blood test
    • (hemoccult)
  47. test of gastric contents for pH level and presence of blood
    gastroccult
  48. test that detects the presence of antibodies to helicobacter pylori, the most comon casue of gastric ulcers
    helicobacter pylori test
  49. exploration of abdominal contents with a laparoscope
    laparoscopy
  50. tests, including aspartate aminoransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT), that determine the liver's ability to perform its many complex functions
    liver function tests

    LFTs
  51. visual examination of the GI tract from the rectum to cecum; variations include colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, and proctoscopy
    lower endoscopy
  52. X-ray of the large intesting after rectal instillation of barium sulfate
    Lower GI x-ray
  53. examination of a fecal specimen fo abnormal bacteria and other microorgansims
    stool culture
  54. test in which ultrahigh-frequency sound waves are used to outline the shapes of various body structures
    ultrasound
  55. visual examination of the GI tract, from esophagus to duodenum
    upper endoscopy
  56. X-ray that involves the use of a contrast medium to help visualize abdominal organs, including the stomach and esophagus
    • upper GI x-ray
    • UGI

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