Key terms Psych

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britsands
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171138
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Key terms Psych
Updated:
2012-09-16 10:34:40
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Psych exam
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  1. Akathisia
    cont muscle restlessness, figity
  2. Akinesia
    muscle weakness
  3. Anhedonia
    inability to experience pleasure
  4. associative loosness
    shift to ideas form one unrealted topic to another
  5. circumstantilality
    delay in reaching the point of communitcation because of unnecessary and tedious details
  6. clang association
    chaoice of wrds is governed by sound (often rhyming)
  7. delusions
    false personal beliefs
  8. dystonia
    involentary muscle spasms
  9. echolalia
    repeating words that are heard
  10. echopraxia
    repeating movements that are observed
  11. extrapyramidal symptoms
    pseudoparkinsonim, akinesia, akathisia, dystonia, oculogyric crisis
  12. gynecomastia
    enlargement of breast in men
  13. hallucinations
    false sensory percetpions not associated with real external stimuli
  14. illusion
    misperceptions of real external stimuli
  15. magical thinking
    the person believes that his or her thoughts or behaviours have control over specific situations or people
  16. neologism
    made up words that have meaning only to the person
  17. neuroleptics
    antipsychotic medications used to prevent or control psychotic symptoms
  18. oculogyric crisis
    uncontrolled rolling back of the eyes
  19. paranoia
    extreme suspiciousness
  20. perseveration
    persistant repetition of the same word or idea in response to different questions
  21. pseudoparkinsonism
    tremor suffle drooling ridgity
  22. religiosity
    excessive demonstation of obseesssion with religious ideas and behaviors
  23. retrograde ejaculation
    ejaculation of the seminal fluid backward into the bladder
  24. social skills training
    educations opportunities through role play for the person with schizo to learn appropriat social interatction skill and functional skills that are relevant to daily living
  25. tangentiality
    inability to get tot the point of communication due to introduction of many new topics
  26. tardive dyskinesia
    • bizarre face and tongue movements
    • stiff neck and difficulty swallowing
  27. waxy flexibility
    passive yielding of all movable parts of the body to any effort made at placing them in certain positions
  28. milieu
    middle
  29. therapeutic community
    therapeutic enviroment
  30. milieu therapy
    a scientific structuring of the environment in order to effect behavioral changes and to improve the psychological health and functioning of the indivual
  31. psychosis
    a severe mental condition in which there is disorganization of the personality, deterioration in social functioning , and loss of contact with , or distortion of , reality. there may be evidence of hallucinations or delusional thinking
  32. cognitive therapy
    individuals is taught to control thought distortions that are considered to be a factor in the development and nmaintenance of emotional disorders
  33. dysthymic disorder
    a depressive neurosis. the symptoms are similar to, if somewhat milder thanm those ascribed to major depression. there is no loss of contact with reality
  34. melancholia
    a severe form of major depressive episode. symptoms are exaggerated , and interestor pleasure in virtually all activites is lost
  35. psychomotor retardation
    extreme shlowdowon of physical movements. posture slumps, speech is slowed digestion becomes sluggish. common is sever depression
  36. tyramine
    amino acid found in aged chesses or aged, overrioe and femented foods, broad beans, pickled herring, beef or chicken liver, perserved meats, beer and wine, chocolate, caffinated drinks, canned figs, sour cream, yogurt, soy sauce, and some over the counter cold medications and diet pills. if taking maoi can acuse hypertensive crisis can result
  37. depression
    an alteration in mood that is expressed by fellings of sadnees, despari, and pessimism, there is a loss of interest in usual activites, and somatic symptoms may be evident. changes in appetite and sleep patterns are commone
  38. mood
    aka affect, mood is a pervasive and sustained emotion that may have major influence on a persons perception of the world. Affect is described as the emotional reaction associated with an experience
  39. bipolar disorder
    characterized by mood swings from profounddepression to extreme euphoria (mania) with intervening periosds of normalcy.
  40. cyclothymic disorder
    a chronic modd disturbance involving nemerous episodes of hypomania and depressed mood, of insufficient severity or duratrion to meet the criteria for bipolar disorder
  41. delirious mania
    disorientation for time and place, often with hallucinations, inchoherent speech and a contiunal state of aimless physical activity
  42. hypomania
    a mild form of mania. symptom are excessive hyper activiti, but not severe enough to cause marked impariment in social or occupational functioningor to require hospitalization
  43. mania
    an alterationin mood that is expressed by fellings of elation inflated self-esteem, grandiosity, hyperactivity, agitation, and accelerated thinking afnd speaking. mania can occure as a bilogical or psychological disoreder, pr as a response to substance use or a general medical condition

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