A very serious condition in which food, water, gastric content, or other material enters the trechea and lungs. It is usually accidental such as when the patient "Swallows down the wrong tube" or accidentally inhales food or fluids. If you suspect that a patient has asperated inform the nurse promptly.
Energy food used by the body to produce heat and energy for work.
Basic substance of all plant foods which can supply the body with roughage.
Clear Liquid Diet
Diet of water and high-carbohydrate fluid given every 2 to 4 hours.
Bowel movents that expels feces.
Increase water loss.
Process of converting food into a form that can be used by the body.
Increase in output of fluids by the kidneys.
Difficulty swallowing foods and liquids.
Increase accumulation of fluid in the tissue.
Giving nutrition through a tube inserted into the digestive tract.
Food required for normal growth and development and to maintain health.
List of measured foods that allow equivalent exchange between foods within a designated food group.
Elimiate waste from the body.
Nutrient used to store energy.
Balance between fluid intake and fluid output.
Notion meaning that the patient must be encouraged to take as much fluids as possible.
Full Liquid Diet
Diet consisting of all types of all fluids.
Nutrition given through a tube inserted through the abdominal walls.
Container marked for millimeters and used to meausre liquids.
Technique in which high-density nutrients are introduced into the large vein.
Intake and Output
(I&O) record of the amount of fluid ingested and the amount fo fluid expelled by a patient.
(IV) nurishment given through a sterile tube into a vein.
(J-Tube) a long small bore tube that is threaded through the GI tract until the tip reaches the small (nasajejunostomy), or surgically through an inceision in the abdominal skin. Used for providing external nutrition for patients who do not have a stomach and those whom recurred formula aspiritation is a problem.
Diet that includes ground meats served to patients with no teeth, or those with serious dental problems.
Diet in which the consistency and texture of food are modified, making it easier to chew and swallow.
inorganic chemical compound found in nature. Many minerals are important in building body tissues and regulating body fluids.
(NG feeding) Nourshment given through a tube inserted through the nose into the stomach.
Substantial food items given to patients to increase nutrient intake, often planned and ordered by the facility dietition.
Nurishing substance or food.
Process by which the body uses food for grown and repair to maintain health.
Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy
(PEG) A gasterostomy tube that is surgically placed by a physician by threading the tube through the mouth, then out an incision in the abdominal wall over the stomach.
Basic material of every body cell, an essential nutrient.
Diet in which foods are blended with gravy or liquid until they are the consistency of pudding.
To encourage a patient to drink additional fluids.
Intake consisting of low-residue, mildly flavored, easy digested food.
Treatment through specifically planned nutrition.
Total Paranteral Nutrition
(TPN) also called hyperlimentation. A complete IV solution containing proteins, carbohydratges, and fats given to a patient who cannot digets food normally and whose bowels need complete rest.
General term or various unrelated organic substances found in many foods in small amounts that are necessary for normal metabolic functioning of the body.