Sociology Exam 1
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S_________ is one of the social sciences disciplines that examine the human or social world. It is the study of society. The study of human behavior in society.
M__________: examines small group interactions to see how they impact larger institutions in society
M_________: examine large scale social structures to determine how they impact groups and individuals
C. Wrights used this term. S___________ I__________: A quality of the mind that allows us to understand the relationship between our particular situation in life and what is happening at a social level.
These are 5 _____ ______? They have been found in virtually every society throughout history.
5 basic institutions
S________ S________: complex framework composed of both patterned social interactions and institutions that together organizes social life and provide the context for individual action.
S__________ I__________: a major sphere of social life with a set of beliefs and rules that is organized to meet basic human needs.
Who are these people?
Comte, Marx, Durkheim, Weber, Simmel
Classical canons or thinkers
S________ T________: Theories in sociology are propositions that explain the social world and help to make predictions.
M________ T__________ P___________
Major theoretical perspectives
S__________ F___________: Society is viewed as an ordered system of interrelated parts, or structures, which are the social institutions that make up society ( family, education, politics, the economy.)
S________ I_________: sees interaction and meaning as central to society and assumes that meanings are not inherent but are created through interaction
Ex: wearing red, what read symbolizes to different people
F_______ T________: looks at gender inequalities in society and the way that gender structures the social world, and considers remedies to these inequalities
Ex: Not everyone wants to do certain jobs
Q______ T_______: Proposes that categories of sexual identity are social constructs and that no sexual category is fundamentally
A_________ C______: stated that sociology needed to be treated like any other scientific discipline
( Laid ground work)
He was the 1st great English- Speaking sociologist
He believed in evolution
Study on suicide- classic example of his sociological imagination
From division of Labor in Society
m______ s_______: people are similar common culture
modern society division of labor diversity and conflicting interest
Classic Study: The protestant Ethnic and the Spirit of Capitalism- study of the relationship between religious ideas
S__________ I_________: apply the sociological perspective- in order words using one's sociological imagination
Be more curious
What is e_______ e________?
The scientific way of learning answers to questions, in which knowledge is developed, demonstrated and double checked through research.
Q_________ R________: translates the social world into numbers which can be studied mathematically.
Q___________ R__________: Uses non-numerical data like texts, interviews, photos and recordings to help understand social life
The S_________ M_______ consist of :
C___________: a relationship between two variables
Ex: Florida: Old people & palm trees
C_________: a relationship where one variable causes another variable to change
Ex: Ice cream & rape
S___________ C____________: a relationship that seem to appear between two variables, but is actually caused by something that external, or interviewing variable.
C____________: the entire way of life for a group of people.
It's hand for us to see our own culture, so we may not recognize the extent to which it shapes and defines who we are.
E______________: occurs when a person uses their own culture as a standard to evaluate another group or individual, leading to the view that cultures other than one's own are abnormal.
C_________ R___________: is the process of understanding other cultures on their own terms, rather than judging according to one's own culture.
What are the components of culture?
M_______ Culture and S____________ Culture
material cultures and symbolic culture
M_______ C_______: includes the objects associated with a cultural group, such as tools, machines, utensils, buildings, and artwork.
S__________ C_______: includes ways of thinking ( beliefs, values and assumptions) and ways of behaving ( norms, interactions, and communication)
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