Anatomy & Physiology; Intro, Chemistry and cells, tissues, and integumentary system

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frogginma2003
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171331
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Anatomy & Physiology; Intro, Chemistry and cells, tissues, and integumentary system
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2012-09-16 23:42:19
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Anatomy Physiology Herrington cells tissues integumentary system
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Practice Questions for Dr. Herrington
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  1. Claudius Galen did his work in anatomy in the:
    a. 100's
    b. 1400's
    c. 1500's
    d. 1600's
    e. 1700's
    Claudius Galen did his work in anatomy in the:

    a. 100's
  2. The term "anatomy" comes from Greek words meaning:
    Up/ to cut
  3. Ethanol is an example of a compound because
    it is composed of more than one kind of atom
  4. What is the number of elements found in the homan body?
    24
  5. What is an example of pathological anatomy?
    The study of the structural changes associated with heart disease.
  6. The study of structures that can be seen with the unaided eye is called
    Gross or Macroscopic Anatomy
  7. The study of structural changes associated with disease is called
    pathological anatomy
  8. Who was considered the main authority in anatomy for 1500 years?
    Claudius Galen
  9. Who was an anatomist and physician in the 1500s and often refered to as the father of anatomy?
    Andreaus Vesalius
  10. What is the anatomical position?
    legs together, feet flat on the floor, hands at the side, palms pointing forward
  11. Someone in the supine position is:
    lying face up in the anatomical position
  12. Someone in the prone position is
    lying face down in the anatomical position
  13. Name 3 anatomical terms that mean up toward the head
    • Superior
    • Cranial
    • Cephalic
  14. What is Down at a lower level?
    Inferior
  15. What does anterior or ventral mean?
    front
  16. Posterior or dorsal means what?
    back
  17. Caudal means?
    Toward the coccyx (tailbone)
  18. Define the meaning of medial
    Toward the midline longitudinal axis of the body
  19. What does Lateral mean?
    away from the midline longitudinal axis fo the body
  20. Define proximal and give an example
    toward an attached base, the shoulder, hip

    The elbow is proximal to the wrist.
  21. Define Distal and give an example
    Away from an attached base

    The toes are distal to the knee.
  22. A frontal plane separates the body into
    Anterior and posterior poritons

  23. A Midsagittal plane...
    goes through the midline

  24. Parasagittal plane
    gives sections of unequal size

  25. A transverse plane seperates the body into
    superior and inferior portions

  26. In a list of increasing levels of organization, ______ would be between cells and organs.
    Tissues
  27. Proteins are stored an packaged in the stacked, flattened membranes of what cell part?
    The Golgi Apparatus (Golgi Complex)
  28. What part of the cell directs the cell's activities?
    Nucleus
  29. Another anatomical term that means the same as "ventral" is
    Anterior
  30. The number of protein molecules in the plasma membrane is about _____ the number of lipid molecules in the membrane.
    The number of protein molecules in the plasma membrane is about __1/50 of___ the number of lipid molecules in the membrane.

    There are 50 times as many lipid molecules than protein molecules in the plasma membrane.
  31. How many millimeters are in 32 centimeters?
    320
  32. What is epithelial tissue
    Epithelial tissue coers exposed parts and secretes a variety os substances

    ex) the outer layer of skin, the cells lining the cheek
  33. Connective tissue is
    Connective tissue is the tissue that connects, provides support, stores energy reserves, defends against invasion, transports fluids and dissolved materials
  34. examples of connective tissues are:
    • Adipose tissue
    • Areolar tissue
    • Bones
    • Blood
    • Tendons
    • Ligaments
    • Cartilage
  35. In what location would you find the mucous membrane?

    a.  covering the small intestine
    b.  covering the heart
    c.  lining the trachea ( the tube that leads to the lungs
    d.  lining the thoracic (chest) cavity
    e.  all of the above
    Mucous membrane line body cavitites that have a connection to the exterior, such as the organs of the digestive, respiratory, and urinary systems.

    a.  Covering the small intestine
  36. How many layers does the epidermis have?
    The epidermis has 5 layers
  37. Chondrocytes are found in _______
    cartilage
  38. Transitional epithelial tissue is characterized by cells that are
    able to change shape.

    Transitional tissue can change shape when body parts move.
  39. A random arrangement of collagen, elastic, and reticular fibers is found in ___________
    Areolar Tissue
  40. The pigment that makes skin look dark is
    melanin

    melanocytes in teh epidermis produce melanin, a pigment that gives the skin color.
  41. Nails are composed of layers of
    Keratinized cells
  42. The glands in the external ear canal that make a secretion that helps form earwax are called the ___________ glands.
    Ceruminous glands in the external ear canal make a secretion that combines with the sebum and dead epithelial cells to form earwas (cerumen).
  43. What kind of sweat glands secrete fluid in response to emotional stress and sexual excitement?
    Apocrine sweat glands
  44. Explain why the fat in adipose tissue is not part of the matirx in the tissue.
  45. Connective tissue is composed of what?
    Connective tissue is composed of specialized cells and a matrix around them.
  46. What muscle produces a goose bump when it contracts?
    Arrector pili muscle forms goose bumps when it contracts.
  47. Blood is an example of which of the four primary tissue types?
    Connective Tissue
  48. What are the four primary types of tissues?
    • Muscle
    • Epithelial
    • Neural
    • Connective

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