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Claudius Galen did his work in anatomy in the:
Claudius Galen did his work in anatomy in the:
The term "anatomy" comes from Greek words meaning:
Up/ to cut
Ethanol is an example of a compound because
it is composed of more than one kind of atom
What is the number of elements found in the homan body?
What is an example of pathological anatomy?
The study of the structural changes associated with heart disease.
The study of structures that can be seen with the unaided eye is called
Gross or Macroscopic Anatomy
The study of structural changes associated with disease is called
Who was considered the main authority in anatomy for 1500 years?
Who was an anatomist and physician in the 1500s and often refered to as the father of anatomy?
What is the anatomical position?
legs together, feet flat on the floor, hands at the side, palms pointing forward
Someone in the supine position is:
lying face up in the anatomical position
Someone in the prone position is
lying face down in the anatomical position
Name 3 anatomical terms that mean up toward the head
What is Down at a lower level?
What does anterior or ventral mean?
Posterior or dorsal means what?
Toward the coccyx (tailbone)
Define the meaning of medial
Toward the midline longitudinal axis of the body
What does Lateral mean?
away from the midline longitudinal axis fo the body
Define proximal and give an example
toward an attached base, the shoulder, hip
The elbow is proximal to the wrist.
Define Distal and give an example
Away from an attached base
The toes are distal to the knee.
A frontal plane separates the body into
Anterior and posterior poritons
A Midsagittal plane...
goes through the midline
gives sections of unequal size
A transverse plane seperates the body into
superior and inferior portions
In a list of increasing levels of organization, ______ would be between cells and organs.
Proteins are stored an packaged in the stacked, flattened membranes of what cell part?
The Golgi Apparatus (Golgi Complex)
What part of the cell directs the cell's activities?
Another anatomical term that means the same as "ventral" is
The number of protein molecules in the plasma membrane is about _____ the number of lipid molecules in the membrane.
The number of protein molecules in the plasma membrane is about __1/50 of___ the number of lipid molecules in the membrane.
There are 50 times as many lipid molecules than protein molecules in the plasma membrane.
How many millimeters are in 32 centimeters?
What is epithelial tissue
Epithelial tissue coers exposed parts and secretes a variety os substances
ex) the outer layer of skin, the cells lining the cheek
Connective tissue is
Connective tissue is the tissue that connects, provides support, stores energy reserves, defends against invasion, transports fluids and dissolved materials
examples of connective tissues are:
- Adipose tissue
- Areolar tissue
In what location would you find the mucous membrane?
a. covering the small intestine
b. covering the heart
c. lining the trachea ( the tube that leads to the lungs
d. lining the thoracic (chest) cavity
e. all of the above
Mucous membrane line body cavitites that have a connection to the exterior, such as the organs of the digestive, respiratory, and urinary systems.
a. Covering the small intestine
How many layers does the epidermis have?
The epidermis has 5 layers
Chondrocytes are found in _______
Transitional epithelial tissue is characterized by cells that are
able to change shape.
Transitional tissue can change shape when body parts move.
A random arrangement of collagen, elastic, and reticular fibers is found in ___________
The pigment that makes skin look dark is
melanocytes in teh epidermis produce melanin, a pigment that gives the skin color.
Nails are composed of layers of
The glands in the external ear canal that make a secretion that helps form earwax are called the ___________ glands.
Ceruminous glands in the external ear canal make a secretion that combines with the sebum and dead epithelial cells to form earwas (cerumen).
What kind of sweat glands secrete fluid in response to emotional stress and sexual excitement?
Apocrine sweat glands
Explain why the fat in adipose tissue is not part of the matirx in the tissue.
Connective tissue is composed of what?
Connective tissue is composed of specialized cells and a matrix around them.
What muscle produces a goose bump when it contracts?
Arrector pili muscle forms goose bumps when it contracts.
Blood is an example of which of the four primary tissue types?
What are the four primary types of tissues?