hormones of the endocrine system

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171344
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hormones of the endocrine system
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2012-09-16 22:03:11
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AP endocrine
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hormones
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  1. Hormones of the Hypothalamus
    • Thyrotropin-releasinghormone (TRH)
    • Corticotropin-releasinghormone (CRH)
    • Gonadotropin-releasinghormone (GnRH)
    • Prolactin-releasinghormone (PRH)
    • Prolactin-inhibitinghormone (PIH)
  2. Hormones of the Anterior Pituitary
    • Growth hormone (GH)
    • Thyroid-stimulatinghormone (TSH)
    • Adrenocorticotropichormone (ACTH)
    • Follicle-stimulatinghormone (FSH)
    • Luteinizing hormone(LH)
    • Prolactin (PRL)
  3. Hormones of the Posterior Pituitary
    • Oxytocin
    • Antidiuretic hormone(ADH)
  4. Hormones of the Thyroid
    • Thyroid hormone (TH) T3 and T4
    • Calcitonin
  5. Hormones of the Parathyroid
    • Parathyroid
    • or
    • Parathyroid hormone
    • or
    • Parathormone (PTH)
  6. Hormones of the Adrenal Cortex
    • Mineralocorticoids(mainly aldosterone)
    • Glucocorticoids(primarily cortisol)
    • Gonadocorticoids(mainly androgens)
  7. Hormones of the Adrenal Medulla
    • Catecholamines
    • (epinephrine and norepinephrine)
  8. Hormones of the Pancreas
    • Insulin
    • Glucagon
  9. Hormones of the Ovaries
    • Estrogen
    • Progesterone
  10. Hormones of the Testes
    Testosterone
  11. Hormones of the Pineal gland
    Melatonin
  12. Hormones of the Thymus
    Thymosins and Thymopoietins
  13. Target cell of : Thyrotropin-releasinghormone (TRH)
    Ant Pit
  14. Target cell of: Corticotropin-releasinghormone (CRH)
    Ant Pit
  15. Target cell of: Gonadotropin-releasinghormone (GnRH)
    Ant Pit
  16. Target cell of : Prolactin-releasinghormone (PRH)
    Ant Pit
  17. Target cell of: Prolactin-inhibitinghormone (PIH)
    Ant Pit
  18. Target cell of: Groth Hormone (GH)
    All body cells (few exceptions)
  19. Target cell of: Thyroid-stimulatinghormone (TSH)
    thyroid gland
  20. Target cell of: Adrenocorticotropichormone (ACTH)
    adrenal cortex
  21. target cell of: Follicle-stimulatinghormone (FSH)
    reproductive organs
  22. target cell of: Luteinizing hormone(LH)
    reproductive organs
  23. target cell of: prolactin (PRL)
    mammary tissue
  24. Target cell of: oxytocin
    uterus & breast
  25. Target cell of: Antidiuretic hormone(ADH)
    renal tubules
  26. Target cell of: Thyroid hormone (TH) T3 and T4
    all cells
  27. target cell of: calcitonin
    bone, kidney, GI tract
  28. target cell of: parathyroid hormone/Parathormone (PTH)
    bone, kidney, GI tract
  29. target cell of: Mineralocorticoids(mainly aldosterone)
    renal tubule cells
  30. target cell of: Glucocorticoids(primarily cortisol)
    most body cells
  31. target cell of: Gonadocorticoids(mainly androgens)
    most body cells
  32. Target cell of: Catecholamines (epinephrine and norepinephrine)
    Most body cells
  33. Target cell of: glucagon
    Liver
  34. target cell of: insulin
    most body cells
  35. target cell of: estrogen
    remale reproductive organs & breasts
  36. target cell of: progesterone
    female reproductive organs
  37. target cell of: testosterone
    male reproductive organs
  38. target cell of: melatonin
    uncertain
  39. target cell of: Thymosins andThymopoietins
    immune cells
  40. action of: Thyrotropin-releasinghormone (TRH)
    release of TSH
  41. action of: Corticotropin-releasinghormone (CRH)
    release of ACTH
  42. action of: Gonadotropin-releasinghormone (GnRH)
    Release ofgonadotropins (FSH andLH)
  43. action of: Prolactin-releasinghormone (PRH)
    Stimulates release ofprolactin
  44. action of: Prolactin-inhibitinghormone (PIH)
    Inhibits the release ofprolactin
  45. action of: Growth hormone (GH)
    Stimulates growth (bone, muscle)
  46. action of: Thyroid-stimulatinghormone (TSH)
    Development andactivity of thyroid
  47. action of: Adrenocorticotropichormone (ACTH)
    Release ofglucocorticoids byadrenal gland
  48. action of: Follicle-stimulatinghormone (FSH)
    gamete formation
  49. action of: Luteinizing hormone(LH) 
    Production of gonadal hormones
  50. Action of: prolactin (PRL)
    stimulates milk production
  51. action of: oxytocin
    • Stimulates uterinecontractions
    • Stimulates milk ejection
  52. action of: Antidiuretic hormone(ADH)
    Resorption of water to reduce urine output
  53. action of: Thyroid hormone (TH) T3 and T4
    Increase cellularmetabolism (oxygenconsumption and heatproduction)
  54. action of: calcitonin
    Decrease blood calciumlevels
  55. action of: Parathyroid hormone/Parathormone (PTH)
    Increase blood calciumlevels
  56. action of: Mineralocorticoids (mainly aldosterone)
    Increase blood sodiumlevels (indirectly controls chloride, potassium, water)
  57. action of: Glucocorticoids(primarily cortisol)
    Resist stressors byincreasing bloodglucose, fatty acid andamino acid levels andblood pressure. Highlevels depress theimmune system andinflammatory response
  58. action of: Gonadocorticoids(mainly androgens)
    Enhance masculine characteristics—may be involved in sex drive
  59. action of: Catecholamines (epinephrine and norepinephrine)
    Sustains sympathetic responses to stress
  60. action of: glucagon
    Increase blood glucose by stimulating liver cells to release glucose
  61. action of: insulin
    Decrease blood glucoseby increasing cellularuptake of glucose
  62. action of: estrogen
    Stimulate maturation and development of female reproductive system and secondary sex characteristics
  63. action of: progesterone
    Works with estrogen to establish menstrual cycle
  64. action of: testosterone
    Promotes maturation of male reproductive organs, development of secondary sex characteristics, and production of sperm
  65. action: melatonin
    Influences daily rhythms
  66. action of: Thymosins and Thymopoietins
    Maturation of T cells and development of immune response

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