Sentence Correction

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Sentence Correction
2012-09-17 23:12:16
SC Gmat

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  1. pronoun must agree with the subject in number & reference Example: The subject of an object, it ...The it is reference to the subject

    A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun, so that we do not have to repeat that noun elsewhere in the sentence. 

    Step 1 - The Antecedent Must Exist
    What is the antecedent of this? 
    it agrees in number with the pronounthe antecedent to which you want to refer must actually exist in the sentence as a noun

    Step 2 - The Antecedent & Pronoun Must Make Sense Together
    Always check that the antecedent makes sense in place of the pronoun

    Step 3 - The Antecedent & Pronoun Must Agree in Number

    Ask you wether the pronoun agrees with the antecedent in number

    The same disguises apply to pronoun antecedents. Be sure to identify the antecedent properly

    The Deadly Five: It, Its, They, Them, Their
    Most common pronoun mistakes involve Third Person Personal Pronouns - the singular it and its, together with the plural they, them, and their. 

    This, That, These, and Those
    Demonstrative Pronouns are this, that, these, and those. You may use any of these pronouns as adjectives in front of nouns, as we have already seen; New Copy.
    In contrast, when you use, they or other personal pronouns, you mean the same actual as the antecedent

    The money spent by her parents is less THAT spent by her children

    That or those indicating a New Copy or copies must be modifed
    GMAT insists that any "new copy" that or those agree in number with the previous version. If you must change the number, repeat the noun

    Three cases
    1) Subject pronouns can be the subjects of sentences
    I you he she it we they who

    2) Object pronouns can be the objects of verbs or prepositions
    me you him her it us them whom

    3) Possessive pronouns indicate ownership or a smiliar relation
    my/mine your/yours his her/hers its our/ours their/theirs whose
  2. Relative Clauses:
    <main clause>, <relative pronoun> phrase 

    List of Relative :
    - which
    - whom
    - whose
    - that

    relative clause beginning with "which" describes the closest noun
  3. Idiom: 

    WRONG: .. dated to be
    RIGHT: .. dated at

    Wrong: restriction for
    Right: restriction on 


    Act likes to behave or to comport oneself
    Act as describes the action of a person

    a person persuade another person or entity. Not a clause
  4. Parallelism

    Linking verbs:

    Parallel Marker:
    No need to repeat the verb that precede the parallel markers

    -not only.. but also
    -regarded X, but Y
    - Idomatic choice of words to express the negation of 1 clause & the affirmation of another is not as...but as
    -the <noun> of both  Y and Z. of is distribute to Y and Z
    -WRONG: well as..
    -not X but Y
    -not just because of X but because of Y
    Dont add also after but in "not just.. but "
    -X was what <verb> Y  is wordy and awkward
  5. Meaing/Concision/Structure/General Grammar

    adverb also is redundant because it expresses the same meaning as the conjunction and

    putting two introductory elements together before main clause is awkward(e.g for something, before something, Gavin was

    To be able to X --> needlessly wordy and it should be changed to to X.  If enable is in the same sentence, then it will be either enable or To be able to is redundant

    expert & authority overlaps eachother

    Participial Clause:
    - Although it - it s a conjunction clause, followed by a definite clause
    -Despite it..
    -both needs to connects to the main clause

    keep perposition on close to the verb it goes with