Chapter3

Card Set Information

Author:
veamarige
ID:
171370
Filename:
Chapter3
Updated:
2012-09-20 14:29:57
Tags:
Medical Terminology Language Medicine 9th edition
Folders:

Description:
ch3 terminology and meaning textbook 74-79
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user veamarige on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. -algia
    • pain
    • Arthralgia: Pain in a joint
    • otalgia: Pain in the ear
    • neuralgia: Pain of nerves
    • myalgia: Pain of muscles
  2. -cele
    • hernia
    • rectocele: Hernia of the rectum
    • cystocele: Hernia of the urinary bladder
  3. thora-centesis
    amniocentesis
    abdominocentesis
    • Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the chest
    • Surgical puncture of the amnion
    • Commonly known as abdominal paracentesis (para-means beside or near)Surgical puncture of the abdomen.
  4. strepto-coccus
    staphylococci
    • Berry-shaped (spheroidal) bacterium found in twisted chains
    • Berry-shaped (spheroidal) bacteria in clusters.
  5. erythro-cyte
    leukocyte
    thrombocyte
    • Red blood cell
    • White blood cell
    • Clotting cell.
  6. pleuro-dynia
    Pain in the chest wall muscles that is aggravated by breathing (literally: pain ofthe pleura).
  7. laryng-ectomy
    mastectomy
    • Excision, removal, resection
    • Removal of the larynx
    • Removal of a breast.
  8. an-emia
    ischemia
    • Decrease in erythrocytes( red blood cell) or hemoglobin
    • To hold back blood from an area of the body.
  9. carcino-genesis
    pathogenesis
    angiogenesis
    • Condition of producing/ forming cancer
    • Condition of producing disease
    • Formation of blood vessels.
  10. electroencephalo-gram
    myelogram
    mammogram
    • Record of the electricity in the brain
    • Record (x-ray) of the spinal cord
    • mammogram Record (x-ray) of the breast.
  11. electroencephalo-graph
    electroencephalo-graphy
    angiography
    • Instrument for recording the electricity in the brain
    • Process of recording the electricity in the brain.
    • Process of recording (x-ray imaging) blood vessels
  12. bronch-itis
    tonsillitis
    thrombophlebitis also called phlebitis
    • Inflammation of the bronchi
    • Inflammation of the tonsils
    • Inflammation of a vein with clot formation.
  13. ophthalmo-logy
    morphology
    • Study of the eye
    • Study of shape or form
  14. -lysis
    • hemolysis: Breakdown, Destruction, Separation
    • Destruction of blood (breakdown of red blood cells with release of hemoglobin).
  15. osteo-malacia
    chondromalacia
    • Softening of bone
    • Softening of cartilage.
  16. acro-megaly
    splenomegaly
    • Enlargement of extremities
    • Enlargement of the spleen.
  17. my-oma
    myosarcoma
    multiple myeloma
    hematoma
    • oma tumor, mass, collection of fluid
    • Tumor (benign) of muscle
    • Tumor (malignant) of muscle—a type of flesh (sarc/o) tissue
    • Tumor (malignant) of bone marrow, ocurr in bone marrow tissue throughout the body
    • Collection of blood; a bruise.
  18. bi-opsy
    necropsy
    • To view life; microscopic examination of living tissue.
    • Autopsy or postmortem examination
  19. necr-osis
    hydronephrosis
    leukocytosis
    • osis condition, usually abnormal
    • Condition of death (of cells).
    • Abnormal condition of water (found) in the kidney.
    • Abnormal condition (slight increase in numbers) of normal white blood cells.
  20. cardiomyo-pathy
    Disease of heart muscle (primary disease of the heart muscle in the absence of a known underlying etiology(cause)
  21. erythro-penia
    neutropenia
    thrombocytopenia
    • Deficiency of red blood cells.
    • Deficiency in neutrophils.
    • Deficiency of clotting cells.
  22. acro-phobia
    agoraphobia
    • Fear of heights
    • Fear of being in open, crowded spaces, agora means marketplace.
  23. achondro-plasia
    • -plasia development, formation, growth
    • No (improper) development of cartilage.
  24. angio-plasty
    Surgical repair of blood vessels.
  25. -ptosis
    • falling, dropping, prolapse
    • blepharoptosis: Prolapse, sagging of an eyelid.
  26. arterio-sclerosis
    Hardening of arteries.in arteriosclerosisdeposits of fat(arther/o means fatty material) collect in a artery
  27. laparo-scope
    Instrument to visually examine the abdomen.
  28. laparo-scopy
    Process of visual examination of the abdomen (with an endoscope)
  29. meta-stasis
    hemostasis
    • -stasis stopping, controlling
    • meta- beyond
    • Beyond control; spreading of a cancerous tumor.
    • Stopping the flow of blood (naturally by clotting or artificially by compression).
  30. colo-stomy
    tracheostomy
    New opening of the colon (to the outside of the body). New opening of the windpipe (to the outside of the body).
  31. hydrotherapy
    chemotherapy
    radiotherapy
    • Treatment with water.
    • Treatment with drugs.
    • Treatment with x-rays.
  32. laparotomy
    phlebotomy
    tracheotomy
    • Incision into the abdomen. Often referred to as a “lap,” this exploratoryprocedure is performed under general anesthesia.
    • Incision of a vein.
    • Incision of the trachea.
  33. hyper-trophy
    atrophy
    • Excessive development. Memory Tip: You can earn a trophy for a new stage indevelopment! cell increase in size, not number
    • No development; wasting away of tissue, cell decrease in size
  34. radiographer
    One who records x-rays; radiologic technologist—a professional who, underthe supervision of a physician, operates radiologic equipment and assistsradiologists.
  35. leukemia
    pneumonia
    • Condition of increase in white blood cells (malignancy).
    • Condition (abnormal) of lungs.
  36. nephrolog-ist .
    Specialist in the study of the kidney
  37. arteri-ole
    Small, little artery
  38. ven-ule
    Small, little vein.
  39. pericard-ium
    -um
    Structure, tissue surrounding the heart.
  40. muc-us
    esophagus
    • -us structure, substance
    • eso- within or inward
    • Sticky secretion from mucous membrane.
    • Muscular tube carrying food from the throat to the stomach.
  41. nephropath-y
    • condition, process
    • Disease of the kidney.
  42. card-iac, -ac 
    Pertaining to the heart.
  43. peritoneal Pertaining to the peritoneum.
    inguinal Pertaining to the groin
    pleural Pertaining to the pleura.
  44. tonsillar Pertaining to tonsils
  45. pulmonary Pertaining to the lungs.
    axillary Pertaining to the armpit.
  46. laryngeal Pertaining to the voice box.
  47. carcinogenic
    osteogenic
    • Pertaining to producing cancer.
    • Pertaining to produced within bone, osteogenic sarcoma ia a malignant tumor produced in bone.
  48. chron-ic, ical 
    pathologic
    Long-term; over a long period. acute is the opposite of chronicPertaining to the study of disease.
  49. adenoids Collections of lymphatic tissue resembling (-oid) glands (-aden) in the throat,near the nose.mucoid Resembling mucus.
  50. adipose Pertaining to fat.
  51. mucous membrane A lining that secretes mucus.
  52. necrotic Pertaining to death (of cells).

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview