Biology- Test 1

Card Set Information

Author:
HeidiBoehm
ID:
171388
Filename:
Biology- Test 1
Updated:
2012-09-18 13:59:34
Tags:
Biology Test one
Folders:

Description:
Biology Test 1 Over Ch. 1-7
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user HeidiBoehm on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. What is the main sugar used by cells for energy?
    Glucose
  2. Plant cell walls consist mainly of _______________.
    Cellulose
  3. "Saturated" fats contain _______ bonds in their fatty acid tails. 
    Single
  4. The buliding blocks of proteins are:
    Amino acids
  5. A polypeptide is a long chain of amino acids bonded together by _____________ bonds. 
    Peptide
  6. The building blocks of nucleic acid molecules are called _______________. 
    Nucleotides
  7. Animal cells are surrounded by a ______ _________, whereas plant cells are also surrounded by a ____ ______.
    plasma membrane, cell wall
  8. A cell is separated from its environment by a selectively permeable __________ ____________. 
    Plasma membrane
  9. What are the two main components of cellular membranes?
    Proteins and phospholipids
  10. What are the cell's information molecules?
    Nucleic acids
  11. What are the two kinds of nucleic acids?
    DNA and RNA
  12. Deoxyribinucleic acid (DNA) makes up the ______.
    Genes- the inherited library of information
  13. What does DNA do?
    Carries instructions for building all the proteins that carry out cell activities.
  14. RNA does what?
    Acts as an intermediary in the protein-making process. 
  15. In eukaryotic cells the first step in protein synthesis is the transferring of:
    info from DNA to messenger RNA
  16. What is the genetic center of the eukaryotic cell?
    The nucleus
  17. What are the primary sites of protein production in a eukaryotic cell?
    Ribosomes
  18. What organelle plays a role in intracellular digestion?
    Lysosome
  19. The nuclear emvelope, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, lysosomes, and vacuoles make up the 
    endomembrane system.
  20. Mitochondria are found in nearly all ____________ cells. 
    eukaryotic
  21. Where is the genetic information of the cell stored?
    Nucleus
  22. Where in the cell is ATP made?
    Mitochondria
  23. Calories are units of _______.
    energy
  24. The movement of materials into a cell via membranous vesicles is:
    endocytosis.
  25. The movement of materials out of a cell via membranous vesicles is:
    exocytosis.
  26. In __________, or "cell eating," the cell engulfs debris, bacteria, or other sizable objects. 
    phagocytosis
  27. In ________, or "cell drinking," the cell engulfs extracellular fluid, including molecules such as sugars and proteins.
    pinocytosis
  28. When there is a greater concentration of solute outside of the cell this means that the cell is in a _______________ solution.
    hypertonic
  29. When there is a greater concentration of solute on the inside of a cell that means that the cell is in a __________ solution.
    hypotonic
  30. __________ is the passive transport of water. 
    Osmosis
  31. A cell will _____ water when placed in a hypotonic solution.
    gain
  32. A cell will _______ water when placed in a hypertonic solution.
    lose
  33. What is the term used to describe an animal's ability to survive if the cells are exposed to a hypotonic or hypertonic environment?
    Osmoregulation
  34. What are the two chemical ingredients needed for photosynthesis?
    Carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H20)
  35. Where in a cell does glycolysis occur?
    Cytosol
  36. Where in a cell does the Krebs (Citric Acid) cycle and Electron Transport occur?
    Mitochondria

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview