Biology- Test 1
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Biology- Test 1
Biology Test one
Biology Test 1 Over Ch. 1-7
What is the main sugar used by cells for energy?
Plant cell walls consist mainly of _______________.
"Saturated" fats contain _______ bonds in their fatty acid tails.
The buliding blocks of proteins are:
A polypeptide is a long chain of amino acids bonded together by _____________ bonds.
The building blocks of nucleic acid molecules are called _______________.
Animal cells are surrounded by a ______ _________, whereas plant cells are also surrounded by a ____ ______.
plasma membrane, cell wall
A cell is separated from its environment by a selectively permeable __________ ____________.
What are the two main components of cellular membranes?
Proteins and phospholipids
What are the cell's information molecules?
What are the two kinds of nucleic acids?
DNA and RNA
Deoxyribinucleic acid (DNA) makes up the ______.
Genes- the inherited library of information
What does DNA do?
Carries instructions for building all the proteins that carry out cell activities.
RNA does what?
Acts as an intermediary in the protein-making process.
In eukaryotic cells the first step in protein synthesis is the transferring of:
info from DNA to messenger RNA
What is the genetic center of the eukaryotic cell?
What are the primary sites of protein production in a eukaryotic cell?
What organelle plays a role in intracellular digestion?
The nuclear emvelope, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, lysosomes, and vacuoles make up the
Mitochondria are found in nearly all ____________ cells.
Where is the genetic information of the cell stored?
Where in the cell is ATP made?
Calories are units of _______.
The movement of materials into a cell via membranous vesicles is:
The movement of materials out of a cell via membranous vesicles is:
In __________, or "cell eating," the cell engulfs debris, bacteria, or other sizable objects.
In ________, or "cell drinking," the cell engulfs extracellular fluid, including molecules such as sugars and proteins.
When there is a greater concentration of solute outside of the cell this means that the cell is in a _______________ solution.
When there is a greater concentration of solute on the inside of a cell that means that the cell is in a __________ solution.
__________ is the passive transport of water.
A cell will _____ water when placed in a
A cell will _______ water when placed in a
What is the term used to describe an animal's ability to survive if the cells are exposed to a hypotonic or hypertonic environment?
What are the two chemical ingredients needed for photosynthesis?
Carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H20)
Where in a cell does glycolysis occur?
Where in a cell does the Krebs (Citric Acid) cycle and Electron Transport occur?