psy chapter 14 quiz

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punkrammerock
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psy chapter 14 quiz
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2012-09-17 09:39:00
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psy chapter 14 quiz
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  1. What is the DSM-IV
    a diagnostic manual. the only book from which diagnosis comes from
  2. name the 6 mood disorders
    • Major depressive
    • Dystaymic
    • Adjustment
    • Mood disorder due to a general medical condition
    • Bipolar
    • Cyclo
  3. symptoms of major depressive disorder
    • depressed mood most of the day, every day
    • little interest in activities once joyed
    • 5 or more of these within 2 week period
    • -weight loss or gain
    • -increase/decrease of sleep
    • -psychomotor agitation(slowness/numbness,not feel like self)
    • -loss of energy
    • -feelings of worthlessness or guilt
    • -lack of concentration or indeciseveness
    • -suicidal thoughts
  4. 7 facts and causes about suicide
    • leading cause of death ages 15-24
    • common with suicidal histories
    • increases with lack of family support and poor communication with parents
    • 30,000 deaths per year in u.s.
    • 75+ white mail 3x more likely to commit
    • substance abuse increase likelyhood
    • error on the side of caution when evaluating
  5. define dysthymic disorder
    • chronically depressed mood that occurs for most of the day, more days than not for at least 2 yr/1 yr if child
    • 2 symptoms of major depression
  6. define adjustment disorder
    • clinically significant emotional or behavioral symptoms in response to a stressor
    • normal is 6 months to adjust
    • almost everone has it
  7. define mood disorder due to a general medical condition
    • depressive symptoms as a result of a medical condition
    • depressive like features to major depression
  8. define bipolar disorder
    • major depressive symptoms mixed with a cycle of the following manic features
    • inflated self-esteem or grandiosity
    • decreased need for sleep(3 hrs)
    • more talkative than usual
    • racing thoughts
    • distractibility
    • increase in goal directed activity
    • excessive involvement in pleasurable activites w/painful cosequences
  9. define cyclothymic disorder
    • mild symptom of bipolar
    • history of bipolar
    • symptoms continue for 2 years(cYclothYmic)
  10. define generalized anxiety disorder
    • excessive worry-more days than not for 6 months and 3 of the following 6 symptoms
    • feeling keyed up or on the edge
    • easily fatigued
    • difficulty concentrating
    • irritability
    • muscle tension
    • sleep disturbance
  11. what is phobic disorder
    persistent, irrational fear of an object or situation that may not be dangerous.
  12. define Panic disorder
    • period of intense fear(10 min)with 4+ of following symptoms
    • heart pounding
    • sweating
    • trembling/shaking
    • shortness of breath
    • feelings of choking
    • chest painĀ 
    • nausea
    • dizziness
    • derealization(dont feel like myself)
    • fear of going crazy
    • fear of dying
    • numbness/tingling
    • chills or hot flashes
  13. define Obsessive-compulsive disorder
    • obsessions(persistent, uncontrollable intrusions of unwanted thoughts)
    • cumpulsions(urges to engage in senseless rituals or actions)
  14. define Posttraumatic stress disorder
    • enduring psychological disturbance attributed to the experience of a major traumatic event with the following symptoms
    • repeated memories
    • nightmares
    • numbing
    • alienation
    • problems in social relations
    • elevated arousal
    • anxiety
    • guilt
  15. define schizophrenia
    • delusions-false belief
    • hallucinations-hearing voices that are not real (auditory) and /or seeing things that are not real(visual)
    • disturbed emotion-no emotion(flat affect)/distorted reactions of emotion(blunted affect)
    • deterioration of adaptive behavior(poor hygeine)
  16. define the 4 types of schizophrenia
    • Paranoid-fear of persecution and delusions of grandeur
    • Catatonic-striking motor disturbances, remaining in fixed positions, engaaging in excessive activity, remaining rigid oppositionally
    • Disorganized-disorganized speech and behaviour
    • Undifferentiated-"none of the above" or "all of the above"
  17. cause of schizophrenia
    • genetic vulnerability
    • high dopamine lvls
    • drug use
    • high stress increases vulnerability
  18. define the 3 types of dissociative disorder
    • Amnesia-sudden loss of memory of personal information, usually traumatic or stressful
    • Fugue-unexpected travel away from home or work with inability to recall past, partial or complete change of personal identity
    • Identity disorder- coexistence of 2 or more largely complete and very different personalities(multiple personality)
  19. what are the 4 somatoform disorders(fake illness)
    • Somatization disorder-excessive complains about being sick before the age of 30, can feel pain.(seek attention for being sick)
    • Conversion disorder-convert aanother persons's illness onto self unconsciously(father dies of heart attack, now i have heart attack)
    • Hypochondria-fear or preoccuptation that one has a serious disease"they know more than doctors"(frequent self diagnosis)
    • Malingering-intentionally fake illness for a specific purpose(pretend to get beat to sleep at womens shelter)
  20. cause of somatoform disorders
    • seek attention ot self
    • have shallow emotions
    • seductive or provacative
    • easily influenced by others
    • very dramatic
    • considers relationships more intimate than they are
    • focus on body sensations
    • like being sick ot gain sympathy and avoid stress
  21. what are the 3 eating disorders
    • anorexia nervosa
    • bulimia nervosa
    • eating disorder NSA
  22. define anorexia
    • intense fear of gaining weight
    • disturbed body image
    • refusal to mainain normal weight
    • dangerous measures to lose weight
  23. 7 facts of anorexia
    • mostly occurs in western culture
    • recent decades/onset 14-18 years old
    • rarely seek treatment on their own
    • leads to death in 2-10%
    • 50% of college women have one incedent of throwing up
    • 90-95% female
    • more common in upper socioeconomic class
  24. problems with anorexia
    • loss of menstrual cycle(amenorrhea)
    • low blood pressure
    • gastrointestinal problems
    • osteoporosis(loss of bone density)
    • metabolic disturbances(cardiac arrest)
  25. what makes bulimia differ from anorexia
    • guilt
    • less life threateniung
    • more likely to be recognized by self as problem
    • more prone to cooperate with treatment
    • dntal and gastronintestinal problems
  26. Cause of eating disorders
    • biological tendency
    • personality-anorexia-obsessive,rigid,perfection,emotionally restrained. -bulimia-impulsive,overly sensitive, low selfesteem
    • culture
    • family-overinvolved parents
    • cognitive distortions

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