Psych 101

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braziliangata
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171506
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Psych 101
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2012-09-18 03:13:14
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Psych 101
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  1. French Philosopher (1596-1650) believes humas posess more than a body but also a MIND. Beleives MIND and BODY interact.
    Rene Descartes
  2. British thinker (1632-1704) the workings of human mind to what would soon become phylosophy.
    TABULA RASA(blank slate)
    EMPIRICISTS(experience and obs.)
    JOHN LOCKE
  3. (1809- 1882) the origin of species
    natural science
    adaptation
    evolution
    CHARLES DARWIN
  4. HUMANISTIC SPYCHOLOGY
    emphasized current environmental influence on our growth potential and our need for love and acceptance.
    MASLOV & ROGERS
  5. emphasized the study of overt behaviour as the subject matter of science psychology.
    WATSON & SKINNER
  6. said "I wrote Principles of Psychology and advocated Functionalism"
    wrote "Behaviorists"
    WILLIAM JAMES
  7. WHO WAS THE PERSON THAT HAD the clear vision to unite theories..
    PROVE AND DISPROVE IDEAS?
    WILHELM WUNDT
  8. _______is analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up to the brain’s integration of sensory information.
    Bottom-up processing 
  9. ________ information processes guided by higher-level mental processes, as when we construct perception drawing on our experiences and expectations.
    Top-down processing
  10. _________the study of relationships between the physical characteristics of stimuli, such as their intensity, and our psychological experience of them
    Psychophysics 
  11. Defined as the scientific study of behavior and mental process.
    PSYCHOLOGY
  12. minimum amount of sensory
    ABSOLUTE THRESHOLD
  13. measure of smallest increase or decrease of stimulus that is required to produce (JND)
    DIFFERENCE THRESHOLD
  14. What is  just noticeble difference (JND)?
    the smallest change in sensation
  15. What is Circadium Rythm?
    biological clock
  16.  measure of the distance from the peak of a light/sound wave to the peak of the next.   Electromagnetic wavelengths vary from the short blips of cosmic rays to the long pulses of radio transmission.
    Know the function of the main structures of the human eye
    Wavelength
  17. –the light-sensitive receptor cells, located at the back of the retina. What are they specialized in?
    Rods and cones
  18. (about 120 million rods in each retina) retinal receptors that detect black, white, and gray; It takes just 5 photons of light for them to respond, therefore highly sensitive to light.
    RODS
  19.  (about 6 million cones in each retina) enable us to see color and fine detail in adequate light, but do not function in very dim light.
    Cones
  20. Frequency the number of cycles completed by a sound wave in one second, determining the pitch of the sound; expressed in the unit called the hertz (Hz) .
    SOUND
  21.  cochlea?
    ; hair cells; (cochlea contains 15,000 sensory receptor cells)
  22.  transmits the electrical impulse to the brain (temporal lobe) where sounds are registered
    Auditory nerve
  23. two matchstick-sized structures above the nasal cavities, where smell sensations first register in the brain. 
    Olfactory bulbs
  24. (Each taste bud on our tongue made of 60 to 100 receptor cells)
    Gustation/taste buds
  25.  pertaining to the sense of touch
    Tactile
  26.  body’s own natural painkillers which block pain and produce a feeling of well- being.
    Endorphins
  27. WHAT is Grey matter?
    CEREBRUM
  28. Which lobe deals with self awareness, analitical, learning & emotional?
    FRONTAL LOBE
  29. Which lobe deals with Body sensation?
    PARIETAL LOBE
  30. Which lobe deals with Vision?
    OCCIPITAL LOBE
  31. Which lobe deals with healing, language comprehension?
    TEMPORAL LOBE
  32. WHAT DEALS WITH EXPRESSIVE LANGUAGE?
    BRONCAS
  33. WHAT DEALS WITH RECEPTIVE LANGUAGE?
    WERNICKE'S

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