Induction drugs

Card Set Information

Author:
eoden
ID:
171563
Filename:
Induction drugs
Updated:
2012-09-17 21:02:11
Tags:
induction drugs propofol etomidate ketamine
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Description:
information about the major drugs used for induction
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  1. What three drugs are commonly used for anesthesia induction?
    • Propofol
    • Etomidate
    • Ketamine
  2. What is the brand name for Propofol?
    Diprivan
  3. What is the brand name for Etomidate?
    Amidate
  4. What is the brand name for Ketamine?
    Ketalar
  5. What class of drug is Propofol?
    Diisopropylphenol
  6. What class of drug is Ketamine?
    Phencyclidine
  7. What are the uses for Propofol?
    • Induction
    • Sedation
    • MAC (monitored anesthesia care)
  8. What are the uses for Etomidate?
    • Induction
    • Hypnosis
  9. What are the uses for Ketamine?
    • Induction
    • Analgesia
    • Amnesia
  10. What makes Ketamine different from Propofol or Etomidate?
    Its analgesic properties
  11. What is the duration of onset and the length of coverage of Propfol?
    • Onset in 30 secs
    • Lasts 5 minutes
  12. What is the supplied concentration of Propofol?
    10mg/mL (1%)
  13. What is the supplied concentration of Etomidate?
    2mg/mL (35% propylene glycol)
  14. What is the supplied concentration of Ketamine?
    10, 50, 100 mg/mL
  15. What is the induction dose of Propofol?
    1-2.5mg/kg
  16. What is the infusion dose of Propofol?
    25-200mcg/kg/min
  17. What is the induction dose of Etomidate?
    0.2-0.3mg/kg
  18. What is induction dose of Ketamine (IV)? IM?
    • 1-2mg/kg IV
    • 4-8mg/kg IM
  19. What is the analgesic dose of Ketamine?
    0.2-0.5mg/kg
  20. What cautions are applicable to Propofol?
    • Bacterial growth (throw out after 6 hrs)
    • Soy or egg allergy
    • Hypotension (from vasodilation)
    • BURNS on injection
  21. What cautions are applicable to Etomidate?
    • Pain on injection (BURNS)
    • Myoclonus (involuntary muscle movement)
    • PONV
  22. What cautions are applicable to Ketamine?
    Emergence delirium (Midazolam can dull some of those effects)
  23. Who would be a good candidate for Ketamine?
    What are two good aspects of the drug?
    • A person dependent on narcotics
    • Won't depress respiratory system
    • Doesn't cross placenta
  24. Who is a good candidate for Etomidate?
    • A person with cardiovascular instability b/c it doesn't cause the decrease in BP
    • A person allergic to eggs

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