Test 1 Bio 2.txt

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alexgaot
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Test 1 Bio 2.txt
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2012-09-18 00:17:08
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Biology 25 26 27 28 31
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Test 1
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  1. 1. In how many eras is the Phanerozoic divided?

    A. 1
    B. 3
    C. 5
    B.3
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. 2. Fossils cannot offer information on

    A. external organs
    B. The organisms brain structure 
    C. Internal organs
    D. Approximate time period the organism lived on
    C. Internal organs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. 3. Species that __________ are more viable to be fossilized

    a. Existed for a long time 
    b. Were abundant and widespread
    c. Had hard parts
    d. All of the above
    d. All of the above
  4. 4. How have geologist established the fossil record?

    A. By looking at old fossils
    B. By studying rocks and fossils at many different places
    C. By going to the beach
    D. By studying rocks in the desert
    B. By studying rocks and fossils at many different places
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. 5. Why do prokaryotes show tremendous genetic diversity?

    A. Rod-shaped
    B. Plenty of time for horizontal gene transfer and mutations
    C. Reproductive success
    D. Because they were the only form on the planet
    B. Plenty of time for horizontal gene transfer and mutations
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. 6. Any place where ____ cannot live some species of prokaryotes can be found.

    A. Cocci
    B. Bacillus
    C. Stromatolites
    D. Eukaryotes
    D. Eukaryotes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. 7. Bacteria are always ___ to their surroundings.

    A. Hypertonic
    B. Hypotonic
    C. Obliviouse
    D. Isotonic
    A. Hypertonic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. 8. What two (2) large groups can bacteria be classified based on differences in their cell walls?

    A. Positive & Negative
    B. With cell wall & without cell wall
    C. Absorbing & Non-absorbing
    D. Gram-positive & Gram-negative
    D. Gram-positive & Gram-negative
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. 9. All of the following are major factors that limit bacterial reproduction EXCEPT:

    A. They must compete for resources
    B. Slow reproduction
    C. Food source for other species
    D. Their own metabolic waste are toxic to them
    B. Slow reproduction
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. 10. The endospore can survive:

    a. Dehydration
    b. Autoclaves
    c. Temperature extremes
    d. All of the above
    e. Only A and C
    d. All of the above
  11. 11. What is the most important part of all bacterial cell walls?

    A. Production of spores
    B. Water gain
    C. Water loss
    D. Peptidoglycan
    D. Peptidoglycan
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. 12. Some prokaryotes form ___ alliances.

    A. Non-Cooperative
    B. Facultative
    C. Obligate
    D. Cooperative
    D. Cooperative
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. 13. Domains Bacteria and Archea are different in all of the following ways EXCEPT:

    a. Ribosomal RNA sequences
    b. Archea have introns 
    c. Bacteria have peptidoglycan and Archea do not
    d. All of the above are correct
    d. All of the above are correct
  14. 14. Archea can be found in what types of environment?

    A. Both A and C
    B. Nitrogen based environments
    C. Moderate temperature, low pressure, basic pH
    D. Extremes in temperature, pressure, salinity
    D. Extremes in temperature, pressure, salinity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. 15. What photosynthetic bacteria produce oxygen during photosynthesis? Hint: it is believed to be the ancestor of the chloroplast.

    A. Chlorophyll
    B. Spirochetes
    C. Streptococcus
    D. Cyanobacteria
    D. Cyanobacteria
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. 16. What type of relationship occurs when two species live in association?

    A. Communists
    B. Best friends
    C. Symbiosis
    D. Community
    C. Symbiosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. 17. What organisms are included in kingdom Protista?

    a. Autotrophs
    b. Heterotrophs
    c. Unicellular and gigantic multicellular organisms
    d. All of the above
    d. All of the above
  18. 18. What is the common cause of diarrhea in campers and hikers?

    A. Chlamydia
    B. Trichchomonas vaginalis
    C. Giardia
    d. None of the above
    C. Giardia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. 19. This is an example of an opportunistic infection that causes itching and discharge.

    A. Giardia
    B. Chlamydia
    C. Trichchomonas vaginalis
    d. None of the above
    C. Trichchomonas vaginalis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. 20. These symbionts help termites digest wood.

    A. Giardia
    B. Euglena
    C. Trichomonas
    D. flagellates
    C. Trichomonas
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. 21. This parasite is transmitted by the Tsetse fly and causes sleeping sickness.

    A. Trypanosoma
    B. Dinoflagellates
    C. Giardia
    D. Trichomonas
    A. Trypanosoma
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. 22. Kills fish, causing red tides and found in both fresh and salt water.

    A. Trichomonas
    B. Trypanosoma
    C. Giardia
    D. Dinoflagellates
    D. Dinoflagellates
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. 23. Uses for brown algae include which of the following?

    a. Source of iodine
    b. Source of algin
    c. Ingredient in Japanese cuisine known as kombu
    d. All of the above
    d. All of the above
  24. 24. Name this gelatinous substance found in red algae that has many commercial uses.

    A. Carrageenan
    B. Green algae
    C. Agar
    C. Agar
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. 25. This gelatinous is used as a thickener in many dairy products and salad dressings.

    A. Carrageenan
    B. Green algae
    C. Agar
    A. Carrageenan
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. 26. This is believed to be the ancestor of the true plants; they may be unicellular, colonial or multicellular.

    A. Brown Algae
    B. Red Algae
    C. Golden Algae
    D. Green Algae
    D. Green Algae
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. 27. Name the largest living organism in the world that may be more than 2,500 years old.

    A. Fungi
    B. Prokaryotes
    C. Eukaryotes
    D. Plants
    A. Fungi
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. 28. Fungi include which of the following?

    a. Mushrooms
    b. Trufflesc. Stinkhorns
    d. Rusts
    e. All of the above (and more)
    e. All of the above (and more)
  29. 29. All of the following are true EXCEPT:

    A. They release nutrients that can reused
    B. They are a vital component of every ecosystem
    C. They are essential for decomposing dead, organic material
    D. They are not a vital component of every ecosystem
    D. They are not a vital component of every ecosystem
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. 30. All of the following are multicellular EXCEPT:

    A. Puffballs
    B. Smut
    C. Mold
    D. Yeast
    D. Yeast
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. 31. What is a mass of tightly packed hypha growing out of a mycelium?

    A. Saprobes
    B. Mushroom
    C. Septa
    D. Filament
    B. Mushroom
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. 32. The cells in hypha are always _____.

    a. Diploid
    b. Haploid
    b. Haploid
  33. 33. ________ fungi form mutualistic relationships with plant roots.

    A. Imperfect fungi
    B. Yeasts
    C. Mycorrhizal
    d. None of the above
    C. Mycorrhizal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. 34. Yeasts reproduce asexually by ________.

    A. Cloning
    B. Mating
    C. Budding
    d. All of the above
    C. Budding
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. 35. _______ are the earliest form of fungus because they have flagellated sperm.

    A. Ascomycetes
    B. Glomeromycetes
    C. Zygomycetes
    D. Chytrids
    D. Chytrids
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. 36. Name a tough capsule that protects the zygote.

    A. Zygosporangium
    B. Ascomycetes
    C. Glomeromycetes
    D. Chytrids
    A. Zygosporangium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. 37. These are known as Club Fungi and form basidiospores inside club-shaped structures at the tips of their hyphae.

    A. Smuts
    B. Basidiomycetes
    C. Yeasts
    D. Puffballs
    B. Basidiomycetes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. 38. Name three major growth forms seen in lichens.

    A. Crustose, fructose, foliose
    B. Crustose, foiliose, fruticose
    C. Latiose, foliose, fruticose
    d. None of the above
    B. Crustose, foiliose, fruticose
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. 87. The earliest type of photosynthesis produced oxygen.

    a. True 
    b. False
    b. False
  40. 88. Prokaryotes are the oldest living organisms.

    a. True
    b. False
    a. True
  41. 89. General features of Prokaryotes are important for identifying and understanding them.

    a. True
    b. False
    a. True
  42. 90. The cell wall is not essential for survival.

    a. True
    b. False
    b. False
  43. 91. Flagellae are used for stability in some bacteria

    a. True
    b. False
    b. False
  44. 92. Pili are extensions from the cell wall that are also used for adhesion to a substrate.

    a. True
    b. False
    a. True
  45. 93. A capsule covers the cell wall of all bacteria.

    a. True
    b. False
    b. False
  46. 94. Autoclaves cannot kill endospores.

    a. True
    b. False
    b. False
  47. 95. Protists are not fungi, true plants, or animals.

    a. True
    b. False
    a. True
  48. 96. Contractile vacuoles pump water out of the cell.

    a. True
    b. False
    a. True
  49. 97. Brown algae are seaweeds.

    a. True
    b. False
    a. True
  50. 98. Spirogyra is a green alga that forms short filaments.

    a. True
    b. False
    b. False
  51. 99. Volvox is a colonial golden algae.

    a. True
    b. False
    b. False
  52. 100. The cells in a hypha are always diploid.

    a. True
    b. False
    b. False
  53. 101. Fungi have slow growth rates.

    a. True
    b. False
    b. False
  54. 102. Fungi are typically either parasites or decomposers.

    a. True
    b. False
    a. True
  55. 103. The imperfect fungi have been shown to have a sexual reproductive cycle.

    a. True
    b. False
    b. False
  56. 104. A fungal infection is called mycosis.

    a. True
    b. False
    a. True
  57. 105. Fungi may form mutualistic relationships with plants and animals.

    a. True
    b. False
    a. True
  58. Frank Taylor
    • 1910, American Geologist
    • Suggested there where 2 great continents situated over the poles
  59. Eduard Seuss
    • 1909, Austrian Geologist
    • Suggest thatthere was dynamic movement in the earth crust
  60. Alfred Wegener
    • 1915, German Metreorologist
    • Father of plate tectonics
    • continent he name Pangaea
  61. Arthur Holmes
    • British Geologist
    • 1928 suggested convention cells deep within the earth
  62. Madagascar
    example of RELICT Population
  63. Pre-Darwiwinian Concepts
    Ancient Greek Philosopher suggested that life AROSE in the OCEANS 
  64. ARISTOTLE (350 B.C.)
    GREEK PHILOSOPHERS
    SUGGESTED THAT PERHAPS THERE WAS A SINGLE ACT OF CREATION AND, AS ARESULT, ALL LIFE  WAS FIXED AND IMMUTABLE
  65. BENOIT DE MAILLET
    • 1. 1715
    • 2. FRENCH DIPLOMAT
    • 3. SUGGESTED THAT THE EARTH HAD BEEN COLONIZED FROM OUTER SPACE
  66. BUFFON

    1.1707-1788

    FRENCH
    NATURALIST WHO SPENT MOST OF HIS LIFE WRITING A NATURAL HISTORY OF 44 VOLUMES
    • 1707-1788
    • FRENCH NATURALIST, SPENT MOST OF HIS LIFE WRITING A NATURAL HISTORY OF 44 VOLUMES
    • HE NOTED THAT "A YEAR IS TO GOD AS A THOUSAND YEARS TO MAN."
  67. GEORGES CUVIER (1769-1832)
    • FRENCH ZOOLOGIST AND PALEONTOLOGIST
    • USED COMPARATIVE ANATOMY TO CLASSIFYANIMALS
  68. WILLIAM STRATA SMITH (1769-1839)
    ENGINEER WHO DESIGNED CANALS AND DRAINAGE SYSTEMS FOR MARSHLAND
  69. ERASMUS DARWIN
    • GRANDFATHER OF CHARLES DARWIN
    • PHYSICIAN AND NATURALIST
    • NOTED A RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MORPHOLOGY ANDTHE ENVIRONMENT
  70. JEAN BAPTISTE LAMARCK
    • PROFESSOR OF ZOOLOGY
    • HEBELIEVED THAT ORGANISMS DEVELOPED NEW ORGANS AS THE NEED 
  71. ROBERT CHAMBERS
    PUBLISHED HIS WORKS JUST PRIOR TO THE PUBLICATIONS OF CHARLES DARWIN
  72. CHARLES DARWIN
    • AS A YOUNG MAN HE BELIEVED THAT ALL SPECIES WERE FIXED AN IMMUTABLE--JUST LIKE THEANCIENT GREEKS
    • Uncovered GNAWING ANIMALS
    • UNCOVERED MACRAUCHENIA
  73. Natural Selection
    Refers to those individuals who carry phenotypes
  74. Ecological Isolation
    occurs when populations display different BIOGEOGRAPHICAL preferences
  75. SPECIES
    TWO ORGANISMS ARE OF THE SAME SPECIES IF THEY CAN INTERBREED AND PRODUCESUCCESSFULLY FERTILE OFFSPRING
  76. Genus Name
    • Always capitalized
    • Italicised
    • Plural of genus is Genera
  77. John Ray
    Came up with the CONCEPT OF THE SPECIES
  78. 8 levels of Classification (Taxonomy)
    Grader GROUPI (UP)

    • Species
    • Genus
    • Family
    • Order
    • Class
    • Phylum
    • Kingdom
    • Domain
  79. 8 levels of Classification (Taxonomy)
    SPECIFIC (DOWN)

    • Domain
    • Kingdom
    • Phylum
    • Class
    • Order
    • Family
    • Genus
    • Species
  80. Fungi 4 groups
    • ZYGOMYCOTA
    • ASCOMYCOTA
    • BASIDIOMYCOTA
    • DEUTEROMYCOTA
    • CHYTRIDIOMYCOTA
  81. Fungi Move OUT
    Mutualism
  82. Fungi
    Must live in MOIST environments
  83. Fungi Composed
    Thin Filaments cells called HYPHAE or HYPHA
  84. Life CYCLE ZYGOMTCOTA
    • PROGAMETANGIA
    • GAMETANGIA
    • FUSED GAMETANGIA
    • SUSPENSOR CELLS
    • ZYGOSPORE
    • SEXUAL SPORANGIOPHORE
  85. FUNGI IMPERFECTI
    sexual reproduction hass never been observed under natural conditions
  86. Asexual Reproduction in Fungi
    • BUDDING
    • SPORANGIOPHORES
    • CONIDIOPHORES
  87. 2 Prokaryotic Domains
    • Bacteria
    • Archaea
  88. Bacteria
    • e. COLI
    • ANABAENA
    • Oscillatoria
  89. Archae
    • Methanogens
    • Extreme Halophiles
    • Extreme Thermophiles
    • Extreme Acidophiles
  90. Bacteria and Archaea Differences
    Bacteria cell walls posses PEPTIDOGLYCAN and ARCHAEA Do not

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