Pharm T1

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Pharm T1
2012-09-18 00:36:48

Test 1 Review
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  1. What is drug half life?
    The time needed to reduce theconcentration of a drug in the body to one half of its potency.
  2. Types of local effect for drug

    • Topical application
    • Intra-articular
    • Intracardiac
    • intradermal
    • intrathecal
    • inhalation
  3. Where is topical application for drug
    To mucous membrane or skin
  4. Where is Intra-articular for drug
    Within the cavity of a joint
  5. Where is intracardiac for drug
    Into a chamber of the heart
  6. Where is intradermal for drug
    Into the dermal layer of the skin.
  7. Where is intrathecal for drug
    Into the spinal fluid
  8. Where is inhalation for drug
    Into the respiratory tract.
  9. Types of systemic effects for drug
    GI or Injection
  10. Where is Buccal/transmucosal for drug
    In the cheek
  11. Where is an oral route?
  12. Where is a sublingual route?
    Under the tongue
  13. Where is a intramuscular route?
    Into a skeletal muscle
  14. Where is a intraosseous route?
    Into the bone marrow
  15. Where is a intratracheal route?
  16. Where is an intravenous route?
    Into the vein
  17. Where is an subcutaneous route?
    Subcutaneous tissue. Right below theepidermis.
  18. What is an OTC?
    Over the counter
  19. What is prescription medicine?

    Medicine that a doctor has to write youa prescription for.
  20. How many schedules are there for
    controlled substances?
    • 6 schedules
    • 1-5 most to least addicting
    • 6 State approved.
    • 1 no medical acceptance
  21. Process of drugs in the body?
    Drugs get in body, Travel threw body,metabolism, and then excreted.
  22. How do drugs get in the body?
    Threw many drug administration routes
  23. Ways drugs get eliminated?
    Kidneys, liver, bowel
  24. What is cross-sensitivity?
    Hypersensitivity to an antibiotic,including anything related to the same/related class.
  25. What are some Antibiotic?
    • Sulfanamides
    • Penicillins
    • Tetracyclines
    • Macrolides
    • Aminoglycosides
    • Flouroquinolones
    • Carbapenems
  26. What are antibiotic?
    Kill bacteria, causing disease
  27. What are some Antifungals?
  28. What are antifungals?
    Kill fungi.
  29. What is a bactericidal?
    Substance causing death of bacteria
  30. What is bacteriostatic?
    Inhibiting or retarding the growth ofbacteria.
  31. What is Tetracycline?

    Inhibit protein synthesis in bacterialcell, bacteriostatic.
  32. What are the negative effects of

    Toxicity:effect on bone and tooth enamelPhotosensitivitylikelihood of superinfection.Avoid use under 8yrs old
  33. Dont give Tetracycline with?

    Dairy products, antacids, or ironsalts.
  34. What is Metronidazole also called?
  35. What is Metronidazole?
    Bactericidal, amebicidal, andtrichomonacidalits kills some anerobic treatment for amebiasis(Flagyl)
  36. Negative effects on metronidazole?
    N&V, convulsions, peripheralneuropathy, blurred vision, metallic taste.
  37. What is agonist?
    Drug capable of combining withreceptors to initiate drug actions.
  38. What is antagonist?
    Agent that resists or opposes theactions of another agent.
  39. What is adverse effect?
    Negative action resulting from thepharmacological action of a drug.
  40. What is Phenazopyridine?
    Relieves urinary discomfort it has ananalgesic effect.
  41. Negative side effects of

    Urine discoloration usually a darkorange.
  42. What is Lindane also called?
  43. What is Kwell?
    It is a treatment for scabies.(Lindane)
  44. Negative effects of kwell?
    Premature infants and individuals withknown uncontrolled seizure disorder.