Card Set Information
Test 1 Review
What is drug half life?
The time needed to reduce theconcentration of a drug in the body to one half of its potency.
Types of local effect for drug
Where is topical application for drug
To mucous membrane or skin
Where is Intra-articular for drug
Within the cavity of a joint
Where is intracardiac for drug
Into a chamber of the heart
Where is intradermal for drug
Into the dermal layer of the skin.
Where is intrathecal for drug
Into the spinal fluid
Where is inhalation for drug
Into the respiratory tract.
Types of systemic effects for drug
GI or Injection
Where is Buccal/transmucosal for drug
In the cheek
Where is an oral route?
Where is a sublingual route?
Under the tongue
Where is a intramuscular route?
Into a skeletal muscle
Where is a intraosseous route?
Into the bone marrow
Where is a intratracheal route?
Where is an intravenous route?
Into the vein
Where is an subcutaneous route?
Subcutaneous tissue. Right below theepidermis.
What is an OTC?
Over the counter
What is prescription medicine?
Medicine that a doctor has to write youa prescription for.
How many schedules are there for
1-5 most to least addicting
6 State approved.
1 no medical acceptance
Process of drugs in the body?
Drugs get in body, Travel threw body,metabolism, and then excreted.
How do drugs get in the body?
Threw many drug administration routes
Ways drugs get eliminated?
Kidneys, liver, bowel
What is cross-sensitivity?
Hypersensitivity to an antibiotic,including anything related to the same/related class.
What are some Antibiotic?
What are antibiotic?
Kill bacteria, causing disease
What are some Antifungals?
What are antifungals?
What is a bactericidal?
Substance causing death of bacteria
What is bacteriostatic?
Inhibiting or retarding the growth ofbacteria.
What is Tetracycline?
Inhibit protein synthesis in bacterialcell, bacteriostatic.
What are the negative effects of
Toxicity:effect on bone and tooth enamelPhotosensitivitylikelihood of superinfection.Avoid use under 8yrs old
Dont give Tetracycline with?
Dairy products, antacids, or ironsalts.
What is Metronidazole also called?
What is Metronidazole?
Bactericidal, amebicidal, andtrichomonacidalits kills some anerobic bacteria.best treatment for amebiasis(Flagyl)
Negative effects on metronidazole?
N&V, convulsions, peripheralneuropathy, blurred vision, metallic taste.
What is agonist?
Drug capable of combining withreceptors to initiate drug actions.
What is antagonist?
Agent that resists or opposes theactions of another agent.
What is adverse effect?
Negative action resulting from thepharmacological action of a drug.
What is Phenazopyridine?
Relieves urinary discomfort it has ananalgesic effect.
Negative side effects of
Urine discoloration usually a darkorange.
What is Lindane also called?
What is Kwell?
It is a treatment for scabies.(Lindane)
Negative effects of kwell?
Premature infants and individuals withknown uncontrolled seizure disorder.