biology: Study of life. -logy: log (study), -y (process or condition).
biopsy: Removal of living tissue from the body and examinated, viewed under a microscope.
bifurcation: Forking (branching) into two, normal splitting into two branches; as the trachea bifurcates into two individual tubes to form the bronchi.
bilateral: Pertaining to two sides.
carcinoma: Cancerous tumor.
cardiology: Study of the heart.
cephalic: Pertaining to the head. -ic (pertaining to)
cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
cerebral: Pertaining to the brain. -al (pertaining to)
incision: Process of cutting into. Scissors cut.
excision: Process of cutting out.
to secretre (to form and give off)
endocrine glands: Glands that secrete hormones within the body, directly within (into) the bloodstream (e.g., thyroid, pituitary, and adrenal glands) the prefix endo- means within.
exocrine glands: release their secretions (e..g., saliva, weat, tears) through tubes (ducts) to the outside of the body.
urinary bladder; a sac or a cyst (sac containing fluid).
cyst/oscopy: Process of visual examination of the urinary bladder.
(-scopy: complex suffix scop (visual examination) and -y (process)).
cyst/ocele: Hernia of the urinary bladder
cytology: Study of cells.
oplasm: Contents (formation) of the cell (apart from the nucleus and cell membrane).
erythrocyte: A red blood cell.
leukocyte: White blood cell.
dermatitis: inflammation of the skin.
dermatology Study of skin
hypodermic: Pertaining to under the skin.
hypo- (under or below) deficient, less than normal
electrocardiogram: Record of the electricity in the heart. ECG (or sometimes EKG)
cardi (heart), -gram (record)
electroencephalogram: EEG Record of the electricity of the brain.
encephalitis: inflamation of the brain
intestines (usually the small intestine)
enteritis: Inflammation of the intestines.
gastrectomy: Removal of the stomach.
-ectomy: excision or removal (e.g., nephrectomy-removal, excision of a kidney.
gastrotomy: Incision of the stomach.
-tomy: complex suffix tom (to cut), -y (process of) process of cutting, incision
hypo- (under or below)
hypo/gastr/ic: pertaining to below the stomach
epi- (above or upon)
epi/gastr/ic: pertainig to above or upon the stomach
diagnosis: State of complete knowledge; information gathered about a patient’s illness(dia- = complete; gnos/o = knowledge; -sis = state of).
prognosis: State of before knowledge; prediction about the outcome of an illness.An agnostic is a person who professes no (a-) knowledge of God.
hyperglycemia Condition of increased blood sugar.
gynecology Study of females and female diseases.
hematology: Study of blood.
hematoma: Collection (mass) of blood.
hemoglobin: Blood protein found in red blood cells. Hemoglobin carries oxygen to the cells from the lungs and carbon dioxide away from cells to the lungs.
hepatitis Inflammation of the liver.
iatrogenic: Pertaining to being produced by treatment. A rash occurring after treatment with a drug, such as penicillin, is an iatrogenic condition.A related term, nosocomial, refers to any infection acquired in a hospital(nos/o means disease and -comial comes from the Greek “I take care of”).
nephritis: Inflammation of the kidney.
nephrology: Study of the kidney.
nephrectomy: removal, excision of a kidney.
neurology Study of nerves.
oncology: Study of tumors.
oncologist Specialist in the study of tumors.
ist (one who specializes in a field of medicine or other profession)