302- Neuro Assessment

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Author:
KristaDavis
ID:
171702
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302- Neuro Assessment
Updated:
2012-09-18 12:30:17
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302 Neuro Assessment
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Exam 2
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  1. Central Nervous System is made up of:
    Brain and Spinal Cord
  2. Lobes of the Brain and Functions:
    • Frontal -- Body Movement and Coordination & Planning and Consciousness 
    • Parietal -- Sensation and Touch & Body Positioning
    • Occipital -- Vision
    • Temporal -- Hearing
  3. Expressive Aphasia
    Broca's Area
  4. Receptive Aphasia
    Wernicke's Area
  5. Cerebellum controls:
    Gait and Balance
  6. What parts make up the brain stem?
    • *Midbrain
    • *Pons
    • *Medulla
  7. What are the 2 CNS Sensory Pathways?
    • Spinothalamic Tract
    • Posterior (Dorsal) Columns
  8. CNS Motor Pathways
    • *Pyramidal Tract-  Voluntary movement
    • *Extrapyramidal-   Muscle tone/ Gross movement
  9. Reflex Arc
    • "Knee Jerk"
  10. 4 Types of Reflex
    Deep Tendon

    Superficial

    Visceral

    Pathologic
  11. Types/Number of Nerves
    Cranial Nerves

    • Spinal Nerves
    • 31 pair
  12. Autonomic Nervous System:
    • Parasympathetic Nervous System
    • Sympathetic Nervous System
  13. Neural Exam Components:
    Mental Status

    Motor System

    Sensory System

    Reflexes
  14. Motor System (muscles)
    • Size
    • Strength
    • Involuntary movements
    • Cerebellar Tests:
    • Gait/Balance
    • Romberg Test
    • RAM
  15. RAM
    Finger to Finger, Finger to nose, Heel to Shin, motor system test
  16. What do you assess for the Spinothalamic Tract:
    • Pain
    • Temperature
    • Touch
  17. Posterior Column Tract:
    • Vibration
    • Position
    • Stereognosis
    • Graphesthesia
    • Two point discrimination
    • Extinction
    • Point Location
  18. Ability to discriminate between different textures:
    Tactile Discrimination
  19. Types of Tactile Discrimination:
    • Stereognosis-- object  
    • Graphesthesia-- drawing on the hand
    • Two- Point Discrimination
  20. Type of Extinction Test:
    • Point Location
  21. Scale of Documentation for Deep Tendon Reflexes:
    • 4+  Hyperactive
    •   3+  Brisker tan normal
    •   2+  Normal
    •   1+  Diminished
    •   0  Absent
  22. Deep Tendon Reflex Test Locations:
    • Biceps
    • Triceps
    • Quadriceps
    • Achilles
  23. Superficial Reflexes:
    • Abdominal
    • Plantar

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