orgo lab 1
Card Set Information
orgo lab 1
Primary alcohols can be oxidized to...
aldehydes or carboxylic acids
secondary alcohols oxidize to...
tertiary alcohol oxidize to...
N/A (resistant to oxidation)
During the process, NaOCl reacts with acetic acid to give...
HOCl (hypochlorus acid)
during the process ______ reacts with acetic acid to give HOCl
NaOCl (sodium hypochlorite)
during the process NaOCl reacts with _______ to give HOCl
cyclohexanol reacts with sodium hypochlorite to produce...
cyclohexanol is a _______ alcohol
the HOCl oxidizes cyclohexanol to...
cyclohexanone is a ....
the process involves chlorine in the ___ oxidation state
the process involves chlorine in the +1 oxidation state, it accepts ___ electrons from cyclohexanol
the process involves chlorine in the +1 oxidation state, it accepts two electrons from .....
the process involves chlorine in the +1 oxidation state, it accepts two electrons from cyclohexanol so that...
it can be reduced to a chloride ion (Cl-)
Cyclohexanol loses ____ electrons to be oxidized to cyclohexanone.
Cyclohexanol loses twoelectrons to be ...
oxidized to cyclohexanone
The bleach (sodium hypoclhorite (NaOCl)) will be used as...
an oxidizing agent to oxidize cyclohexanol into cyclohexanone.
This oxidation reaction is (exo or endothermic?)
The reaction is exothermic which means it...
realeases heat into the environment as the reaction progresses.
The reaction can be considered complete when...
the reaction mixture cools back to room temperature
it is necessary to check to see if enough oxidizing agent was added because...
commercial bleach is not a chemical reagent of a constant composition
the composition of bleach is usually...
5.25% (0.74 M) Sodium hypochlorite
Potassium iodide-starch paper is used to....
check for an excess of an oxidizing agent
if the starch-iodide test is positive, that means...
the solution contains an oxidizing agent
if the starch-iodide test is positive it's color is...
cyclohexanol has a higher _______ in water than cyclohexanone
sodium thiosulfate is a ______ agent
the formula for sodium thiosulfate is...
The sodium thiosulfate it used as a reducing agent to...
react with and destroy the remaining NaOCl at the end of the reaction
cyclohexanone is _____ soluble in water.
Dissolving inorganic salts in the aqueous layer will decrease...
the solubility of cyclohexanone so that it can be completely extracted out aka: "Salting out"
What is added to decrease to solubility of cyclohexanone in water....
Cyclohexanol is an irritant, so avoid contact with..
skin, eyes and clothing
Glacial acetic acids is a ______ agent
Glacial acetic acids is a dehydrating agent, an iritant and causes burns, dispense it...
in a fume hood
sodium hypochlorite emits...
chlroine gas is a _____ and _____ irritant
respiratory and eye
dispense sodium hypochlorite ...
in the fume hood
keep the reaction in the fume hood until...
the excess oxidizng agent has been quenched with sodium thiosulfate