orgo lab 1

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Author:
cooxcooxbananas
ID:
171780
Filename:
orgo lab 1
Updated:
2012-09-18 19:41:01
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chem
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chem
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  1. Primary alcohols can be oxidized to...
    aldehydes or carboxylic acids
  2. secondary alcohols oxidize to...
    ketones
  3. tertiary alcohol oxidize to...
    N/A (resistant to oxidation)
  4. During the process, NaOCl reacts with acetic acid to give...
    HOCl (hypochlorus acid)
  5. during the process ______ reacts with acetic acid to give HOCl
    NaOCl (sodium hypochlorite)
  6. during the process NaOCl reacts with _______ to give HOCl
    acetic acid
  7. cyclohexanol reacts with sodium hypochlorite to produce...
    • cyclohexanone
    • sodium cholride
    • water
  8. cyclohexanol is a _______ alcohol
    secondary
  9. the HOCl oxidizes cyclohexanol to...
    cyclohexanone
  10. cyclohexanone is a ....
    ketone
  11. the process involves chlorine in the ___ oxidation state
    +1
  12. the process involves chlorine in the +1 oxidation state, it accepts ___ electrons from cyclohexanol
    two
  13. the process involves chlorine in the +1 oxidation state, it accepts two electrons from .....
    cyclohexanol
  14. the process involves chlorine in the +1 oxidation state, it accepts two electrons from cyclohexanol so that...
    it can be reduced to a chloride ion (Cl-)
  15. Cyclohexanol loses ____ electrons to be oxidized to cyclohexanone.
    two
  16. Cyclohexanol loses twoelectrons to be ...
    oxidized to cyclohexanone
  17. The bleach (sodium hypoclhorite (NaOCl)) will be used as...
    an oxidizing agent to oxidize cyclohexanol into cyclohexanone.
  18. This oxidation reaction is (exo or endothermic?)
    exothermic
  19. The reaction is exothermic which means it...
    realeases heat into the environment as the reaction progresses.
  20. The reaction can be considered complete when...
    the reaction mixture cools back to room temperature
  21. it is necessary to check to see if enough oxidizing agent was added  because...
    commercial bleach is not a chemical reagent of a constant composition
  22. the composition of bleach is usually...
    5.25% (0.74 M) Sodium hypochlorite
  23. Potassium iodide-starch paper is used to....
    check for an excess of an oxidizing agent
  24. if the starch-iodide test is positive, that means...
    the solution contains an oxidizing agent
  25. if the starch-iodide test is positive it's color is...
    blue-black
  26. cyclohexanol has a higher _______ in water than cyclohexanone
    solubility
  27. sodium thiosulfate is a ______ agent
    reducing
  28. the formula for sodium thiosulfate is...
    Na2S2O3
  29. The sodium thiosulfate it used as a reducing agent to...
    react with and destroy the remaining NaOCl at the end of the reaction
  30. cyclohexanone is _____ soluble in water.
    fairly
  31. Dissolving inorganic salts in the aqueous layer will decrease...
    the solubility of cyclohexanone so that it can be completely extracted out aka: "Salting out"
  32. What is added to decrease to solubility of cyclohexanone in water....
    NaCl
  33. Cyclohexanol is an irritant, so avoid contact with..
    skin, eyes and clothing
  34. Glacial acetic acids is a ______ agent
    dehydrating
  35. Glacial acetic acids is a dehydrating agent, an iritant and causes burns, dispense it...
    in a fume hood
  36. sodium hypochlorite emits...
    chlorine gas
  37. chlroine gas is a _____ and _____ irritant
    respiratory and eye
  38. dispense sodium hypochlorite ...
    in the fume hood
  39. keep the reaction in the fume hood until...
    the excess oxidizng agent has been quenched with sodium thiosulfate

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