MOD 130

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MOD 130
2012-09-18 20:36:41

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  1. 1. Hippocrates:
    “Father of medicine” p.265
  2. 2. Ethical standards:
    illegal acts are usually unethical
  3. 3. If accused of unethical behavior and conduct;
    can be issued warning or censure, revocation-loss of a physician’s license
  4. 4. UNOS)
    Medicare fully funds kidney transplants
  5. 5. Many have a personal, religious, or ethical reason for not wishing to be involved in particular procedure.
    Preference should be started before one is hired.
  6. 6. The ethics of biomedical research:
    Institutional review board (IRB) to oversees any human research in the facility
  7. 7. The Nuremberg Code is about concern for what? Pg. 267
    • 8. Consent:
    • Research that will not directly benefit the subject is called nontherapeutic but is still ethical. Pg.275
  8. 9. Conflict of interest:
    May arise if researcher’s interests are placed above interests of the patient. pg277
  9. 10. Problems with the Double-blind Test:
    Neither experimenter nor patient knows who is getting research treatment
  10. 1. Fetal Development: Embryo stage:
    second to eight week p. 293
  11. 2. Assisted or Artificial Conception:
    Artificial insemination donor( AID), Legal status of offspring (legitimacy) and its support are a concern
  12. 3. Abortion:
    Termination of pregnancy before fetus is viable: Spontaneous, Induced
  13. 4. Recommendations from Roe V. Wade:
    First trimester abortions should be performed in hospitals , Consent of the father should be obtained, Viability of fetus needs to be carefully denied, Woman should receive counseling
  14. 5. Incompetent persons an abortions:
    court appointed guardian (guardian ad litem) speaks on behalf of incapacitated person
  15. 6. Pro-choice advocates:
    women have the right to choose what to do with their bodies, legalized abortions are safer for the woman, believe that a woman has the right to an abortion when she is the victim of rape or incest
  16. 7. Genetic counseling and testing:
    the study of heredity an its variations was discovered by Gregor Mendel
  17. 1. Prolonged absence of oxygen can result in:
    neurological damage, cardiac death, brain death
  18. 2. Withdrawing versus withholding treatment:
    before terminating a life-support system, a physician should seek an outside medical opinion. Patients have the legal right to refuse treatment, fluids and food.
  19. 3. Active euthanasia:
    • intentional killing of the terminally ill
    • 4. Slippery slope argument: justifications for euthanasia include:
    • individuals should have the right to determine the outcome of their lives.
  20. 5. Palliative care:
    Total care of patients whose disease is no longer responsive to curative therapy
  21. 6. Viatical settlements:
    Allow people with terminal illness to obtain money from life insurance policies by selling them
  22. 7. Self determination:
    People who cannot exercise the fundamental right to self-determination include: persons who suffer irreversible brain damage, for example Alzheimer’s disease
  23. Advance Directives:
    ( DNR) orders can only be placed on the medical chart by the physician