Card Set Information
invented the program of land reform, bur failed because of the Senators' pressure.
Gaius Gracchus (Tribunes)
revived the agrarian commission, but was hunted.
became a consul and defeated Jugurtha.
made important changes in the army
: using volunteers, giving military leaders power; lost against Sulla
he improved quality of courts and entire legal system; enemy of Marius
defeated Mithriates and extended Rome's frontier; gained power, prestige, and popular support. One of the first Triumviri
rival of Pompey; allied himself withcarious popular leaders.
Gaius Julius Ceasar
An ambitious young politician; wanted to build a reputation, a political following, and a military force; defeated Pompey in 49 B.C.
His program was to preserve the republic against demagogues. He wanted to unite the stable elements of the state; was preferred over Catiline by the Senate.
"crossing the Rubicon"
Caesar decide to make a civil war against Pompey's army and defeated.
March 15, 44 B.C. (Ides of March)
Caesar entered the Senate, was assassinated.
was with the support of the East, chiefly at Alexandria with Cleopatra.
ruled the West(Italy-Rome), was a competitor of Antony. He defeated Antony and became the master of the Mediterranean world.
Queen of Egypt; comitted suicide after Antony's lost.
(Caesar [ruler] Augustus)
Augustus, Princep(For citizen), Julio-Claudian Dynasty. he kept the Senate, and they followed him.
Aeneid (Epic); praise how great Rome and Octavian are
Odes: an epic
History of Rome; he recorded all of history of Rome
Tiberius, Caligula, Cladius, Nero (Persecution)
- Vespatian(first plebian emperor), Titus,Domitian
Colosseum, Circus Maximus
Five Good Emperors
- Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius
Letrarchy, Persecution of Christians
Judiasm?, Zoroaster, Chris, Gnosticism combined >Manichaeism, from Persia
313 AD- Constantine
moved capital to Constantinople -> NEW CAPITAL, used to be Byzantium. supported Christianity. Toleration of Christianity [Edict of Milan 313 AD]
Ostrogoths, Visigoths, Huns [Attila]
threated Roman Empire.
Battle of Adrianople, 378
Valens (Eastern Roman empire or Byzantine Empire) attacked the Goths (probably Visigoths) and lost
Co-ruler with Valens, made Christianity official.
Council of Nicaea, 325 AD
Arianism (Arius) vs. Athanasius
• Eucharist(Thanksgiving), Catholic, Orthodox, Heretics, Primacy of Rome.. Athnasius won.
- Latin translation of the Bible that became the standard text for the Catholic Church.
Augustine: Confessions, The City of God
(Bishop of Hippo)