Medical Terminology U4

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migratorycoconut
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171925
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Medical Terminology U4
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2012-09-19 15:54:55
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madison college medical terminology chapter Allen MATC
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study for medical terminology chapter 4 test senses eye and ear
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  1.  radiography of vessels after injection of contrast material
    • angiography
    • angiogram
  2. repair of a detached retina by freezing it to surrounding tissue
    cryopexy
  3. -pexy
    fixation
  4. cry-
    cold
  5. -graphy
    process of recording
  6. angi-
    blood vessel
  7. -gram
    record
  8. winin the cranium 
    intracranial
  9. intra-
    inside
  10. -crani-
    skull
  11. use of a concentrated intense narrow beam of electromagnetic radiation for surgery
    laser surgery
  12. -ery
    process of 
  13. surg-
    operation
  14. reflection in pupil of white mass in the eye
    leukocoria
  15. leuk-
    white
  16. cor-
    pupil
  17. spread of disease from one part of the body to another
    • metastasis
    • metastases (pl)
  18. meta-
    beyond
  19. -stasis
    stay in one place
  20. focal dilation of retinal capillaries
    microaneurysm
  21. micro-
    small
  22. -aneurysm
    dilation
  23. -scope
    intrument for viewing
  24. -scopy
    to examine, view
  25. opthalm-
    eye
  26. -edema
    swelling
  27. papill-
    pimple
  28. phot-
    light
  29. -coagul-
    clot
  30. -oma
    mass, tumor
  31. retin-
    retina
  32. -blast
    germ cell
  33. -pathy
    disease
  34. swelling of  the optic disc in the retina
    papilledema
  35. use of laser beam to from a clot
    photocoagulation
  36. malignant neoplasm of primitive retinal cells
    retinoblastoma
  37. degenerative disease of the retina
    retinopathy
  38. part farthest from the opening of a hollow organ such as the eyeball
    • fundus
    • fundoscopy
    • fundoscopic
  39. Latin: bottom
    fundus
  40. fund-
    fundus
  41. test for color vision defects
    Ishihara color system
  42. type in different sizes of print for testing near vision
    Jaeger reading cards
  43. ability to see objexts as they come into the outer edges of the visual field
    peripheral vision
  44. peripher-
    external boundary
  45. test for acuity of distant vision
    Snellen letter chart
  46. instrument for determining introcular pressure
    • tonometer
    • tonometry
  47. ton-
    • pressure
    • tension
  48. -meter
    measure
  49. -metry
    process of measuring
  50. medication that is an analgesic and antipyretic
    acetaminophen
  51. describes a disease of sudden onset that is usually severe and of short duration
    acute
  52. Latin: sharp
    acute
  53. state in which pain is reduced 
    • analgesia
    • analgesic
  54. an-
    without
  55. -alges-
    sensation of pain
  56. agent that reduces fever
    antipyretic
  57. anti-
    against
  58. -pyret-
    fever
  59. on two sides, fore example: in both ears
    bilateral
  60. bi-
    two, twice
  61. -later
    side
  62. describes a persistent, long-term disease
    chronic
  63. Greek: time
    chronic
  64. collection of fluid that has escaped from blood vessels into a cavity or tissues
    effusion
  65. Latin: pouring out
    effusion
  66. inflammation of the middle ear
    otitis media
  67. ot-
    ear
  68. media- 
    middle
  69. medical specialist in diseases of the ear
    otologist
  70. ear, nose, and throat specialist
    otorhinolaryngologist
  71. -rhino
    nose
  72. -laryng
    larynx
  73. otology
    study of the function and diseases of the ear
  74. comprehensive and preventative health care services that are the first point of care for a patient
    primary care
  75. Latin: first
    primary
  76. Greek: concern
    care
  77. pertaining to the sense or organs of hearing
    • auditory
    • audiology
    • audiologist
  78. shell like external ear
    auricle
  79. Latin: hearing
    auditory
  80. audi-
    hearing
  81. Latin: ear
    auricle
  82. waxy secretion of ceruminous glands of external ear
    cerumen
  83. Latin; wax
    cerumen
  84. scoop shaped instrument for scaping the interior of a cavity or removing new growths
    • curette
    • curettage (verb)
  85. immovable wedged as with earwax blocking the external canal
    impacted
  86. Latin: driven in
    impacted
  87. use of water to clean wax out of the external canal
    irrigation
  88. -ir
    in
  89. -rig
    water
  90. passage or channel; also used to denote the external opening of a passage
    • meatus
    • meatal (adj)
  91. Latin: go through
    meatus
  92. fungal infection of the external ear
    otomycosis
  93. -myc-
    fungus
  94. instrument for examining ear
    • otoscope
    • otoscopic
    • otoscopy
  95. another name for auricle
    • pinna
    • pinnae (pl)
  96. Latin: wing
    pinna
  97. pertaining to the tympanic membrane or tympanic cavity
    tympanic
  98. tympan-
    • eardrum
    • tympanic membrane
  99. single mass of lymphoid tissue in the mid-line at the back of the throat
    adenoid
  100. -oid
    resembling
  101. aden-
    gland
  102. tube that connects the middle ear to the nasopharynx
    • eustacian tube
    • auditory tube
  103. middle one of the three ossicles (bones) in the middle ear
    incus
  104. Lain: anvil
    incus
  105. outer one of the three ossicles in the middle ear
    malleus
  106. Latin: hammer
    malleus
  107. small bony protrusion immediately behind the ear
    mastoid
  108. mast-
    breast
  109. region of the pharynx at the back of the nose and above the soft palate
    nasopharynx
  110. nas-
    nose
  111. -pharynx
    throat
  112. a small bone, particularly relating to the three bondes in the middle ear
    ossicle
  113. oss-
    bone
  114. -cle
    small
  115. inner one of the three ossicles of the middle ear
    stapes
  116. Latin: stirrup
    stapes
  117. mass of lymphoidal tissue on either side of the throat at the back of the tongue
    • tonsil
    • tonsillar
  118. yellow waxy tumor arising in middle ear
    cholesteatoma
  119. chol-
    bile
  120. -steat-
    fat
  121. viral inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose
    • coryza
    • rhinitis
  122. Greek: cararrh
    coryza
  123. incision in the tympanic membrane
    myringotomy
  124. -tomy
    surgical incision
  125. myring-
    tympanic membrane
  126. hardening at the junction of the stapes and oval window that causes loss of hearing
    ostosclerosis
  127. -scler-
    hardening
  128. punctured with one or more holes
    perforated
  129. Latin: to bore through
    perforated
  130. manufactured substitute for a missing part of the body
    prosthesis
  131. Greek: addition
    prosthesis
  132. surgically created opening in the tympanic membrane to allow fluid to drain from the middle ear
    tympanostomy
  133. instrument to measure hearing
    audiometer
  134. pertaining to the measurement of hearing 
    audiometric
  135. peraining to the base of a structure
    basilar
  136. basil-
    to support
  137. an intricate combination of passages used to describe the part of the inner ear used in hearing
    • cochlea
    • cochlear
  138. latin: snail shell
    cochlea
  139. hearing loss caused by lesions in the outer or middle ear
    conductive hearing loss
  140. Latin: to lead
    conductive
  141. to insert material into tissues or the material inserted into tissues
    implant
  142. Latin: to plant
    implant
  143. the inner ear
    an inflammation of the inner ear
    • labyrinth
    • labyrinthitis
  144. labyrinth-
    inner ear
  145. test for conductive hearing loss that involves a vibrating tuning fork on the mastoid bone
    Rinne test
  146. hearing loss caused by lesions of the inner ear or the auditory nerve
    sensorineural hearing loss
  147. sensor0
    sensory
  148. -neur-
    nerve
  149. space at the entrance to a canal
    • vestibule
    • vestibular
  150. Latin: entrance
    vestibule
  151. test for sensorineural hearing loss on one or other side
    Weber test
  152. dialted portion of canal or duct
    ampulla
  153. mound of hair cells and gelatinous material in the ampulla of a semicricular canal
    crista ampullaris
  154. being evenly balances
    equilibrium
  155. Latin: two handled bottle
    ampulla
  156. crista-
    crest
  157. -aris
    pertaining to
  158. ampull-
    bottle shaped
  159. -librium
    balance
  160. small area of specual function, in the ear, a sensory receptor
    macula
  161. Latin: small spot
    macula
  162. disorder of the inner with cluster of symptoms, acute attacks of tinnitius, vertigo, and hearing losss
    Meniere disease
  163. calcium particle in the vestibule of the inner ear
    otolith
  164. -lith
    stone
  165. occurring in sharp, spasmodic episodes
    paroxysmal
  166. -paroxysm-
    irritation
  167. symptoms or lesions returning after an intermission
    recurrent
  168. re-
    back
  169. curr-
    to run
  170. persistent ringing, whistling, clicking, or booming noises in the ear
    tinnitius
  171. latin: jingle
    tinnitus
  172. sensation of spinning or whirling
    vertigo
  173. Latin: dizziness
    vertigo

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