Page 4 Rhetorical terms

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Page 4 Rhetorical terms
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2012-09-19 21:01:20
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rhetorical terms
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rhetorical terms
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  1. a figure of speech in which one thing is referred to as another; for example, "my love is a fragile flower"
    metaphor
  2. a figure of speech that uses the name of an object, person, or idea to represent something with which it is associated, such as using "the crown" to refer to a monarch; also "the pen is mightier than the sword" 
    metonymy
  3. the method or form of a literary work; the manner in which a work of literature is written
    mode
  4. similar to tone, the primary emotional attitude of a work (the feeling of the work; the atmosphere) Syntax is also a determiner because sentence strength, length, and complexity affect pacing 
    Mood
  5. The lesson drawn from a fictional or nonfictional story. It can also mean a heavily didactic story
    Moral
  6. main theme or subject of a work that is elaborated on in the development of the piece; a repeated pattern or idea
    motif
  7. the telling of a story in fiction, nonfiction, poetry, or drama; one of the four modes of discourse
    narration
  8. sentence that begins by stating what is NOT true, then ending by stating what is true
    negative-positive 
  9. latin for "it does not follow." when one statement isn't logically connected to another 
    non-sequitur
  10. an impersonal presentation of events and characters. it is a writer's attempt to remove himself or herself from any subjective, personal involvement in a story. Hard news journalism is frequently prized for its objectivity, although even fictional stories can be told without a writer rendering personal judgement 
    Objectivity 
  11. the use of words that sound like what they mean, such as "hiss", "buzz", "slam", and "boom"
    onomatopoeia 
  12. when a writer obscures or denies the complexity of the issues in an argument 
    oversimplification
  13. a figure of speech composed of contradictory words or phrases, such as "wise fool"
    oxymoron
  14. the movement of a literary piece from one point or one section to another
    pacing
  15. a short tale that taches a moral; similar to but shorter than an allegory 
    parable 
  16. a statement that seems to contradict itself but that turns out to have a rational meaning, as in this quotation from Henry David Thoreau, "I never found the companion that was companioable as solitude" 
    Paradox
  17. the technique of arranging words, phrases, clauses, or larger structures by placing them side by side and making them similar in form. Parallel structure may be as simple as listing two or three modifiers in a row to describe the same noun or verb; it may take the form of two or more of the same type of phrases (prepositional, participal, gerund, appositive) that modifiy the same noun or verb; it may also take the form of two or more subordinate clauses that modify the same noun or verb. Or, parallel structure may be a complex bend of singe-word, phrase, and clause parallelism all in the same sentence 
    parallelism 
  18. a work that ridicules the style of another work by imitating and exaggerating its elements. It can be utterly mocking or gently humorous. It depends on allusion and exaggerates and distorts the original style and content
    Parody
  19. the aspects of a literary work that elicit sorrow or pity from the audience. an appeal to emotion can be used as a means to persuade. 
    pathos

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