MTCh3

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Demoneia
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172049
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MTCh3
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2012-09-19 22:40:44
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Medical Terminology Chapter
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Chapter 3 for Medical Terminology
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  1. An increase in the size of cell is hyper_____?
    trophy
  2. All of the following are types of blood cells EXCEPT:
    a) Erythrocyte
    b) Hemoglobin
    c) Leukocyte
    d) Thrombocyte
    Hemoglobin
  3. Timothy had a fever and his tonsils were enlarged and inflamed. After a throat culture, his pediatrician's diagnosis was tonsillitis due to the strepto_____ bacterium.
    coccal
  4. All of the following suffixes mean "pertaining to" except:
    a) -ar
    b) -ary
    c) -ia
    d) -tic
    -ia (which means condition)
  5. Name the type of red blood cells that are made in the bone marrow and carry oxygen to all body cells.
    Erythrocytes
  6. Abdomin/o
    Abdomen
  7. Acr/o
    Extremities/top/extreme point
  8. Acu/o
    Sharp/severe/sudden
  9. Aden/o
    Gland
  10. Adip/o
    Fat
  11. Amni/o
    Amnion
  12. Angi/o
    Vessel
  13. Arteri/o
    Artery
  14. Arthr/o
    Joint
  15. Axill/o
    Armpit
  16. Bi/o
    Life
  17. Blephar/o
    Eyelid
  18. Bronch/o
    Bronchial Tubes
  19. Carcin/o
    Cancer
  20. Cardi/o
    Heart
  21. Chem/o
    Drug/Chemical
  22. Chondr/o
    Cartilage
  23. Chron/o
    Time
  24. Col/o
    Time
  25. Cyst/o
    Urinary Bladder
  26. Encephal/o
    Brain
  27. Erythr/o
    Red
  28. Hem/o
    Blood
  29. Hepat/o
    Liver
  30. Hydr/o
    Water/Fluid
  31. Inguin/o
    Groin
  32. Isch/o
    To hold back
  33. Lapar/o
    Abdomen/Abdominal Wall
  34. Laryng/o
    Larynx
  35. Leuk/o
    White
  36. Lymph/o
    Lymph
  37. Mamm/o
    Breast
  38. Mast/o
    Breast
  39. Morph/o
    Shape/Form
  40. Muc/o
    Mucus
  41. My/o
    Muscle
  42. Myel/o
    Spinal Cord/Bone Marrow
  43. Necr/o
    Death
  44. Nephr/o
    Kidney
  45. Neur/o
    Nerve
  46. Neutr/o
    Neutrophil
  47. Nucle/o
    Nucleus
  48. Ophthalm/o
    Eye
  49. Oste/o
    Bone
  50. Ot/o
    Ear
  51. Path/o
    Disease
  52. Peritone/o
    Peritoneum
  53. Phag/o
    To eat/Swallow
  54. Phleb/o
    Vein
  55. Plas/o
    Formation/Development
  56. Pleur/o
    Pleura
  57. Pneumon/o
    Lungs
  58. Pulmon/o
    Lungs
  59. Radi/o
    XRay
  60. Rect/o
    Rectum
  61. Ren/o
    Kidney
  62. Rhin/o
    Nose
  63. Sarc/o
    Flesh
  64. Splen/o
    Spleen
  65. Staphyl/o
    Clusters
  66. Strept/o
    Twisted chains
  67. Thorac/o
    Chest
  68. Thromb/o
    Clot
  69. Tonsill/o
    Tonsils
  70. Trache/o
    Trachea
  71. Ven/o
    Vein
  72. -algia
    Pain
  73. -cele
    Hernia
  74. -centesis
    Surgical puncture to remove fluid
  75. -coccus
    Berry-shaped bacteria
  76. -cyte
    Cell
  77. -dynia
    Pain
  78. -ectomy
    Excision/Removal/Resection
  79. -emia
    Blood condition
  80. -genesis
    Condition of producing/forming
  81. -gram
    Record
  82. -graph
    Instrument for recording
  83. -graphy
    Process of recording
  84. -itis
    Inflammation
  85. -logy
    Study of
  86. -lysis
    Breakdown/Destruction/Separation
  87. -malacia
    Softening
  88. -megaly
    Enlargement
  89. -oma
    Tumor/Mass/Collection of fluid
  90. -opsy
    To view
  91. -osis
    Condition, usually abnormal
  92. -pathy
    Disease condition
  93. -penia
    Deficiency
  94. -phobia
    Fear
  95. -plasia
    Development/Formation/Growth
  96. -plasty
    Surgical repair
  97. -ptosis
    Falling/Dropping/Prolapse
  98. -sclerosis
    Hardening
  99. -scope
    Instrument for visual examination
  100. -scopy
    Process of visual examination
  101. -stasis
    Stopping/Controlling
  102. -stomy
    Opening to form a mouth
  103. -therapy
    Treatment
  104. -tomy
    Incision/Cutting into
  105. -trophy
    Development/Nourishment
  106. -er
    One who
  107. -ia
    Condition
  108. -ist
    Specialist
  109. -ole
    Small/Little
  110. -ule
    Small/Little
  111. -um/-ium
    Structure/Tissue
  112. -us
    Structure/Substance
  113. -y
    Condition/Process
  114. -ac/-iac
    Pertaining to
  115. -al
    Pertaining to
  116. -ar
    Pertaining to
  117. -ar
    Pertaining to
  118. -ary
    Pertaining to
  119. -eal
    Pertaining to
  120. -genic
    Pertaining to/Producing/Produced by or in
  121. -ic/-ical
    Pertaining to
  122. -oid
    Resembling
  123. -ose
    Pertaining to/Full of
  124. -ous
    Pertaining to
  125. -tic
    Pertaining to
  126. Cystocele Hernia
    When part of the urinary bladder herniates through the vaginal wall as the result of weakness of the pelvic muscles.
  127. Rectocele
    A protrusion of a portion of the rectum towards the vagina
  128. Hernia
    A protrusion of an organ or the muscular wall of an organ through the cavity that normally contains it.
  129. Hiatal Hernia
    Occurs when the stomach protrudes upward into the mediastinum through the esophageal opening in the diaphragm.
  130. Inguinal Hernia
    When part of the intestine protrudes downward into the groin region and commonly into the scrotal sac in the male.
  131. Omphalocele
    A herniation of the intestines through a weakness of the abdomminal wall around the navel occuring in infants at birth.
  132. Amniocentesis
    Under ultrasound guidance a physician inserts a needle through the uterus wall and amnion into the amniotic cavity to gather fetal cells during the 12th to 18th week. The cells are then cultured for a microscopic analysis, a karyotype is then made to analyze the chromosomes, and the amniotic fluid is examined for high levels of chemicals which may indicate defects in the spinal cord/column.
  133. Streptococcus
    A berry-shaped bacterium that grows in twisted chains. One group of streptococci can cause strep throat, tonsillitis, rheumatic fever, and certain kidney ailments. Another group can cause infections in the teeth, sinuses and valves of the heart.
  134. Staphylococci
    Berry-shaped bacteria that grows in small clusters. Staphylococci lesions may be external or internal.
  135. Abscess
    A collection of pus, white blood cells, and protein that is present at the site of infection.
  136. MRSA Infection
    Methicillin-Resistant Staphyloccocus aureus infection affects the skin, causing "boils" and absecces.
  137. Erythrocytes
    Red blood cells that are made in the bone marrow and carry oxygen from the lungs to all cells. Hemoglobin, a blood protein carries that oxygen through the blood stream.
  138. Hemolysis
    Process of breaking down or decomposing in the blood
  139. Cardiorrhexis
    Rupture of the heart
  140. How many types of Leukocytes are there?
    Five
  141. How many granulocyte types are there?
    Three
  142. Granulocytes
    Polymorphonuclear cells, containing dark staining granules in their cytoplasm and have a multi-lobed nucleus. Are formed in bone marrow.
  143. Eosinophil
    Granules stain red. Are active and increase in number in allergic conditions such as asthma. ~3% of leukocytes are eosinophil.
  144. Basophil
    Granules stain blue. Function is not clear, but the number increases in the healing phase of inflammation. ~1% of leukocytes are basophils.
  145. Neutrophil
    Granules stain pale purple. Important disease fighting cells. They are phagocytes. Most numerous disease fighting cells that are 50-60% of the leukocytes
  146. What is Never Let Monkeys Eat Bananas?
    • An easy way to remember the five leukocytes!
    • Neutrophil, Lymphocyte, Monocyte, Eosinophil, Basophil
  147. Mononuclear Leukocytes (Agranulocytes)
    Have one nucleus and only a few granules in their cytoplasm. Also produced in bone marrow as well as in lymph nodes and the spleen.
  148. Lymphocyte
    Fight disease by producing antibiotics, thereby destroying foreign cells. May also attach directly to foreign cells and destory them. There are two types: T and B cells. They are 32% of leukocytes.
  149. Monocyte
    A mononuclear leukocyte that engulfs and destroy cellular debris after neutrophils have attacked foreign cells. They leave the bloodstream and enter tissue to become macrophages which are large phagocytes. They make up 4% of leukocytes.
  150. Thrombocytes/Platelets
    The third type of blood cell. They are actually tiny fragments of cells formed in bone marrow and are necessary for blood clotting.
  151. Anemia
    Condition of reduced numbers of erythrocytes or hemoglobin in the circulating blood. Anemias are classified according to different problems that arise with red blood cells.
  152. Aplastic Anemia
    A severe type of anemia that occurs when bone marrow fails to produce not only erythrocytes but leukocytes and thrombocytes as well.
  153. Ischemia
    "To hold back blood" from a part of the body. Tissue that becomes ischemic loses its normal flow of blood and becomes deprived of oxygen. Can be caused by blood clots lodging in a vessel or fat closing off a vessel.
  154. Tonsillitis
    A streptococcal infection of the tonsils, which may require a tonsillectomy.
  155. Acromegaly
    Endocrine disorder that occurs when the pituitary gland produces an excessive amount of growth hormone AFTER the completion of puberty. Most likely results from benign tumor on the pituitary. Causes bones and soft tissue of hands, feet, and face to grow abnormally. In some cases before puberty can cause gigantism and acromegaly.
  156. Splenomegaly
    Spleen in the LUQ, composed of lymph tissue and blood cells to dispose of dying red blood cells and produce lymphocytes. Splenomegaly occurs with development of high blood pressure in hepatic veins (partal hypertension) and hemolytic blood disease (anemia involving excessive destruction or lysis of red blood cells). If the spleen is removed the organs cary out these functions.
  157. Acondroplasia
    Inherited disorder in which bones of arms and legs fail to grow to normal size because of a defect in cartilage and bone.
  158. Laparoscopy (Peritoneoscopy)
    Is a visual examination of the abdominal (peritoneal) cavity using a laparoscope which is inserted via a small incision in the abdomen near the navel. Can be used for visual exam for evidence of disease/biopsies, or removal of appendix, gall bladder, adrenal glands, spleen, or ovary, colon resection and repair of hernias.
  159. Tracheotomy
    An incision into the trachea to open it below a blockage. May be performed to remove a foreign body or obtain a biopsy specimen.
  160. Tracheostomy
    An opening to allow an indwelling to be inserted to allow air flow into the lungs or to help remove secretions from the bronchial tubes.
  161. Adenoids
    Small masses of lymph tissue in part of the pharynx, nose and nasal passages. Neither endocrine nor exocrine glands. Enlargement of the adenoids cause blockage of the airway from the nose to the pharynx and an adenoidectomy may be advised.
  162. Arteriole
    Small artery
  163. Hypertrophy
    The overgrowth or enlargement of an organ or body part caused by an increase in the size of its cells.
  164. Hyperplasia
    An abnormal increase or multiplication in the number or normal cells of a body part.
  165. Myelopoiesis
    The formation of bone marrow or its associated cells.
  166. Cardiomyopathy
    A diagnostic term denoting primary noninlammatory disease of the heart muscle, often of unknown etiology and not caused by hpertensive, congenital, vavular, pericardial, or ischemic disease.
  167. Pathogenesis
    The source or cause of an illness.
  168. Pneumonia
    An abnormal condition of the lung
  169. Arteriosclerosis
    Hardening of one or more arteries
  170. Leukocytosis
    Abnormal condition of the white cells
  171. Hydronephrosis
    A water or fluid condition of the kidney
  172. Tachycardia
    A rapid heartbeat, over 100 bpm
  173. Bradycardia
    A slow heartbeat, less than 60 bpm
  174. Anuria
    Deficiency of urine production
  175. Endocarditis
    An inflammation of the endocardium

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