The period of prenatal development that takes place in the first two weeks after conception. It includes the creation of teh zygote, continued cell division, and the attachment of the zygote to the uterine wall.
The inner layer of cells that develops during the germinal period. These cells later develop into the embryo.
The outer layer of cells that develops in the germinal period. These cells provide nutrition and support for the embryos.
The period of prenatal development that occurs two to eight weeks after conception. During this period, the rate of cell differentation intensifies, support systems for the cells form, and organs appear.
Prenatal life-support system that is a bag or envelope that contains a clear fluid in which the developing embryo floats.
A life-support system that contains two arteries and one vein and connect the baby to the placenta.
A life-support system that consists of a disk-shaped group of tissues in which small blood vessels form the mother and offspring intertwine.
Organ formation that takes place during the first two months of prenatal development.
The period from two months after conception until birth, lasting about seven months in typical pregnancies
Nerve cells, which handle information processing at the cellular level in the brain.
Any agent that causes a birth defect.
A cluster of abonormalities and problems that appear in the offspring of mothers who drink alcohol heavily during pregnancy.
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
The third stage of birth, when the placenta, umbilical cord, and other membranes are detached and expelled.
A caregiver who provides continuous physical, emotional, and educational support for the mother before, during and after childbirth.
This method attempt to reduce the mother's pain by decreasing her fear through education about childbirth and relaxation techniques during delivery.
This childbirth strategy is similar to natural childbirth but includes a special breathing technique to control pushing in the final stages of labor and a more detailed anatomy and physiology course.
The baby's position in the uterus that causes the buttocks to be the first part to emerge from the vagina.
Removal of the baby from the mother's uterus through an incision made in her abdomen
A widely used method to assess the health of newborns at one and five minutes after birth. The Apgar Scale evaluates infants' heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, body color, and reflex irritability.
A measure that is used in the first month of life to assess the newborn's neurological development, reflexes, and reactions to people and objects.
Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale
Infant that weighs less than five and a half pounds at birth.
Low birth weight infant
ThoseThose born before the completion of 37 weeks of gestation (the time between fertilization and birth)
These infants have birth weights that are below normal when the length of pregnancy is considered. May be preterm or full term.
Small date infants
Treatment for preterm infants that involves skin-to-skin contact.
Period after childbirth when the mother adjusts, both physically and psychologically, to the process of childbirth. This period lasts about six weeks or until her body has completed its adjustment and returned to a near prepregnant state.
Characteristic of women who have such strong feelings of sadness, anxiety, or despair that they have trouble coping with daily tasks during the postpartum period.
The formation of a close connection, especially a physical bond, between parents and their newborn in the period shortly after birth.