A theory, proposed by Esther Thelen, that seeks to explain how motor behaviors are assembled for perceiving and acting.
Dynamic systems theory
Built-in reactions to stimuli
A newborn's built-in reaction that occurs when the infant's cheek is stroked or the side of the mouth is touched. In response, the infant turns its head toward the side that was touched, in an apaprent effort to find something to suck.
A newborn's built-in reaction of automatically sucking an object placed in its mouth.
A neonatal startle response that occurs in reaction to a sudden, intense noise or movement. When startled, the newborn arches its back, throws its head back, and flinds out its arms and legs.
A neonatal reflex that occurs when something touches the infant's palms. The infant responds by grasping tightly.
Motor skills that involve large-muscle activities, such as moving one's arms and walking.
Gross motor skills
Motor skills that involve more finely tuned movements, such as finger dexterity.
Fine motor skills
REaction that occurs when information contacts sensory receptors--the eyes, ears, tongue, nostrils and skin.
The interpretation of sensation
The view, proposed by the Gibsons, that people directly perceive information in the world around them. Perception brings people in contact with the environment in order to interact with and adapt to it.
Opporutnities for interaction offered by object that are necessary to perform activities.
A method developed by Fants to determine whether infants can distinguish one stimulus from another by measuring the length of time they attend to different stimuli
Visual preference method
Decreased responsiveness to a stimulus after repeated presentations of the stimulus
The recover from a habituated response after a change in stimulation
Recognition that an object remains the same even though the retinal image of the object changes.
Recognition that an object remains the same even though its orientation to the viewer changes.
The ability to relate and integrate information about two or more sensory modalities, such as vision and hearing.