Chapter 4

Card Set Information

Author:
Anonymous
ID:
172176
Filename:
Chapter 4
Updated:
2012-09-20 12:46:10
Tags:
psychopharmacology neurotransmitter neuromodulater neurohormone
Folders:

Description:
Key Terms
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Anonymous on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. a chemical messenger that communicates across synapse
    neurotransmitter
  2. a chemical messenger that communicates with target cells more distant than the synapse by deffusing away from the point of release
    neuromodulator
  3. a chemical messenger that communicates withtarget cells that communicates with target cells at great distance, often by traveling through the circulation
    neurohormone
  4. one of a group of chemical messengers that includes amino acids and amines
    small molecule transmitter
  5. a reptide act as a neurotransmitter, a neuromodulator or a neurohormone
    neuropeptide
  6. an essential component of proteins
    amino acid
  7. a major small molecule neurotransmitter used at the neuromuscular junction in the autonomic nervous system and in the central nervous system
    acetylcholine
  8. an enzyme that breaks down the neurotransmitter acetylcholine
    acetylcholinestarease
  9. a postsynaptic receptor that responds to nicotine and ACh
    nicotince receptor
  10. a postsynaptic receptor that responds to both ACh and muscarine
    muscarinic receptor
  11. one of the major group of biogenic aminic neurotransmitter including dopamine, norepinephrine epinerphine and serotinin
    monoamine
  12. a member of a group of related biogenic amines that includes dopamine, epinephrine and norepinephrine
    catecholamine
  13. one of a subgroup of monoamines including serotonin a nd melatonin
    iondeleamine
  14. an enzyme that breaks down monoaminies
    monoamine oxidase
  15. a substance produced during the synthesis of catecholamines that is also administered as a treatment of parkinsons disease
    L-Dopa
  16. a major monoamine and catecholamine neurotransmitter implicated in motor control , reward and psychosis
    dopamine
  17. a major monoamine and catecholamine neurotransmitter
    norepinephrine
  18. one of the monoamine / catecholamine neurotransmitters also know as adrenaline
    epinephrine
  19. major monoamine and indoleamine neurotransmitter believed to participate the regulation of mood, sleep, and appetite.
    serotonin
  20. a major excitatory amino acid neurotransmitter
    glutamate
  21. a major inhibitory amino acid neurotransmitter
    Gamma Aminobutyric acid (GABA)
  22. a byproduct of adenosine triposphate (ATP) that function as a neurotransmitter.
    adenosine
  23. a gas that performs a type of signaling between neurons
    nitric oxide (NO)
  24. substance that promotes the activitity of a neurotransmitter
    agonist
  25. substance that reduces the action of a neurotransmitter
    antagonist
  26. a substance derived from a plant that depleter supplies of monomines by interfering into synaptic vesicles used to treat a high blood pressure but produces depression
    reserpine
  27. a fatal condition produced by bacteria in sposiled food in which a toxin produced by the bacteria prevents the release of ACh
    botulism
  28. a substance derived from amazonian plants that causes paralysis by blocking the nicotinic ACh receptor
    curare
  29. a major tranquilizer that acts as GABA agonist
    benzodiazepine
  30. a drug that produces strong sedation by acting as GABA agonist
    barbiturate
  31. substance that interferes with the transpor of released neurotransmitter molecules back into the presynaptic terminal
    reuptake inhibitor
  32. a brainstem area in which the blood brain barrier is more permeable that triggers vomiting in response to the detection of circulating toxins. 
    area postrema
  33. perceived benefit from inactive substance or procedures
    placebo effect
  34. a research desing in which neither the participant nor the experimenter knwes whether the participant is receiving a drug or a placebo until after the research is concluded. 
    double-blind experiment
  35. the process in which more of a drug is indeed to produce the same effect
    tolerance
  36. the symptoms that occur when certain addictive drugs are no longer administered or ar administered in smaller quantities
    withdrawal
  37. a compulsice craving for drug effects or other experience
    addiction
  38. a dopaminergic structure believed to participate in reward and addiction
    nucleus accumbens
  39. a drug that produces changes in mental process
    psychoactive drugs
  40. a stimulant drug found in  coffee, tea, cola, and chocolate that acts as an antagonist to adenosine
    Caffeine
  41. a stimualting drug that is the major active component found in tobacco
    nicotine
  42. a powerful addictive dopamine agonist derived from the leaves of the cocoa plant of south america
    cocaine
  43. a highly addictive drug that acts as a potent dopamine agonist
    amphetamine
  44. a variation of amphetamine that is cheaply produced and widely abused in the U.S.
    methamphetamine
  45. a close relative of amphetamine that produces its behavioral effects by stimulating the release of serotoning
    ecstasy (MDMA)
  46. an illegal liquid sedative that appears to affect the thresholds of response for a number of neurotransmitters.
    gamma-hydroxybutyrate
  47. a compound extracted from opium used to treat pain.
    morphine
  48. an opium derivative used medicinally for cough supression and pain relief
    codeine
  49. an active substance derived from the opium poppy
    opiate
  50. a naturally occurring neuropeptide that is very closely related to optoids
    endorphins
  51. the major ingredient of cannabis
    tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
  52. a naturally occurring brain chemical that interacts with cannabinoid receptors
    anandamide
  53. a possible candidate for a naturally occurring cannabinoid in the nervous system
    SN-2 arachidonylglycerol
  54. the active hallucinogenic ingredient found in the peyote cactus
    mescaline
  55. a hallucinogen that acts as an antagonist at the NMDA glutamate receptor
    phencyclidine (PCP)
  56. a hallucinogenic drug that resembles serotin
    lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)
  57. an herb that is frequently sed to selftreat mild depression
    St. Johns wort.

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview