What is Freud's Theory of Psychosexual Development?
Focuses on personality development and effects of conscious and unconcious mind on behavior and development. It contains the Id, ego, and superego. Five stages of Psychosexual development are explained.
What are Freud's 5 stages of Psychosexual Development?
1. Oral Stage- Age 0-2
2. Anal- Age 2-3
3. Phallic- Age 3-7
4. Latency- Age 7-11
5. Genital- Age 11-adult
What is the Oedipus Complex?
This is the consep when the child develop sexual feeling for the opposite sex parent. But in time they forget this feeling and start acting like their same sex parent to fit in.
What is Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial Development?
Its a revision of Freud's psychoanalytic theory that focus on Develpment of healthy Ego identity. Consist of 8 psychosocial crises. Personal development is a lifelong.
What is Erikson's Eight Stages of Psychosocial Development?
1. Basic Trust vs. Mistrust
2. Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
3. Initiative vs. Guilt
4. Industry vs. Inferiority
5. Identity vs. Role Confusion
6. Intimacy vs. Isolation
7. Generativity vs. Stagnation
8. Integrity vs. Despair
What is Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development?
Explains how children actively adjust their own understanding as they learn about the world. He proposed that children represent what they understand about the world in cognitive structures called mental schemes. Focus on how children learn to think. Has 4 major stages of Congnitive development. Children learn to assimilate and accommodate their schemes.
What is Cognitive Developmental Assimilate and Accommodate?
Assimilate is the process of bringing new objects or information into scheme that already exist in the mind.
Accommodation is the process of adjusting or adapting a scheme so it better fits the new experience.
What is Brofenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory?
Is the belief of that emphasises how the systems and interrelationships that surround a child affect all aspects of a child development.
What is Brofenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory Microsystem?
its the inner layer or the closest system. Family, friends, siblings, and teachers
What is Brofenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory Mesosystem?
Second layer- Home, School, the community
What is Brofenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory Exosystem?
Theird layer- Goverment- workplase, friendship networks, extended family
What is Brofenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory Macrosystem?
Outermost layer- Values, resources, customs, Laws
What is Heritability?
A mathematical estimate of the degree of genetic influence for a given trait. The higher the percentage the higher the influence.
What is Cephalocaudal development?
Tendency of areas in the head and upper body to form and grow before the areas in the tail or lower body grow.
Example- Brains and eyes before arms.
What is Proximodiastal development?
Tendency of areas near the body midline to form before areas further away from the midline.
Example- Heart tissue before arms.
What chromosome is extra to develop downsyndrome?
Extra 21 Chromosome
What is Klinefelter Syndrome?
Chomosome is XXY happens in males and symptoms are small testicles, infertility, learning problems, shyness, social immaturity.
What is chromosome XYY systems?
Happens in males: Tall stature, learning problems, they remain fertile
What is Trisomy?
Chromosome are: XXX happens in females: systems are tall stature, individuals remain fertile.
What is Turner Syndrome?
Missing and X Chromosome in females: Systems are Short stature, bebbed neck, braod shoulders, spatial perception and motor skills, infertility, other health problems
What is the systems for XX males?
Part of the Y chromosome fall off during meiosis and attaches to one of th X Chromosome
What is the systems for XY females?
Part of the Y chromosome falls off but they do not develop male characteristics.