GI 2nd half-B.txt

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GI 2nd half-B.txt
2012-09-20 20:15:31
2nd part

2nd part
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  1. Treatment of Peptic Ulcers - helicobacter pylori infection
    • antibotics
    • proton pump inhibitors
    • bismuth
  2. Treatment of Peptic ulcers - NSAID induced lesion
    • Proton pump inhibitor
    • PGE1 analogue
    • adsorbent
  3. Gastroentreritis and food poisoning
    Inflamation of the stomach and small and large intestines
  4. Causes of Gastroentreritis and food poisoning
    • infection microoganinism
    • chemical toxings
    • lactose intolerance
    • food allergies
  5. Symptoms of Gastroentreritis and food poisoning
    nausea, vomiting and/or diarrhea
  6. Treatment for Gastroentreritis and food poisoning
    • Fluid and nutritional replacemnts
    • Antipasmodic medications
  7. Cancer of the stomach
    • the most common form is adenocarcinoma which starts in the mucosal lining of the stomach
    • diagnosis is often delayed
  8. What are early stages of cancer of stomach
    • bloatign
    • gas
    • heartburn
    • sense of ullness
  9. What are risks factor for stomach cancer
    • family history of gastric cancer
    • helicbacter pylori infection
    • Blood type A
    • Smoking
    • History of pernicious anemia
    • Ademoatous gastric polyp larger than 2 cm
  10. Symptoms of Stomach Cancer
    • Dark stools
    • Vomiting of blood
    • Difficulty in swallowing that increaes over time
  11. Diagnosis of stomach cancer
    • complete blood cound CBC to check for anemia
    • esophagogastroduodenoscopy with biopsy
    • stoll test to check for blood int ehstoools
    • upper GI series
  12. What are treatments for Stomach cancer
  13. What are diseases of the intestines
    • Appendicitis
    • Malabsorption syndrome
    • Celiac disease
    • Diverticulitis
    • Reguibak ebterutus (Chrohn;s disease)
    • Chronic ulcerative colitis
  14. What is appendicitis
    Acute and painful inflamaiton of the appendix, a small pouch at teh begining of the large intesting
  15. What is a possible function of the appendix
    • although primarily unknown; but may store helpful bacteria to "reboot" digestive system
    • -possible immune funciton due to presence of lymphiod tissue
    • possible endocrine funciton since shown to able to produce biogenic amines and peptide hormone
  16. What are cause of appendicitis
    • due to blockage by fecial matter
    • foreign object
    • tumor
  17. How is appendicitis diagnosed?
    • Pain following palpation of lower right quadrant
    • wbc count
    • abnormal CT scan or ultrasound
    • diagnostic laparoscopy
  18. What are treatments for appendicitis
    surgery or antibotics
  19. What are complications of appendicitis
    • gangren
    • peritonitis
  20. What is malabsorption syndrome?
    An alteration in the ability ot absorb fat or other nutrients from the small intestines
  21. Possible causes of malabsorptions inclue
    • abnormality of the gut wall
    • failure to produce pancreatic lipase due to pancreatic disese or blocked pancreatic duct
    • inadequate bile secretion due to liver disease or blocked bile duct
    • abnormalities of the flora of the gut
  22. What are symptoms of Malabsorptions syndrome
    • Diarrhea or steatorrhea (excessive fat causing greasy, foul-smelling stools that float)
    • abdominal distention
    • anemia
    • edema
    • malnutrition
    • muscle cramping form low vitamin D Ca2+ and K+ levels
    • muscle wasting and atrophy due to decrease protein absorption and metabolism
    • Perianal skin burning itching or soreness from frequent loose stools