- when: On Sept 22, 1862 madepreliminary Emancipation Proclamation
- What: declared that all slaves within rebel territory would be freed on Jan 1, 1863 unless the souther states returned to the Union.
- Who: Lincoln
- sig:a factor in the end of slavey, but not the factor. The Proclamation emboldened slaves to increase their resistance, and it offered hope that the Union won the war slavery would be outlawed.