Leronica

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Author:
leronicas
ID:
172323
Filename:
Leronica
Updated:
2012-09-21 10:40:48
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Medical Term
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Description:
Chapter 7(The blood, Lymphatic,and Immune systems)w/Abbv
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  1. Pallor means:
    paleness of skin
  2. NSAID's is:
    Nonsterioidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  3. Hematology means:
    Medical specilaist of the blood and its disorders

    hemat/o-Blood
  4. What is Blood?
    Blood is a type of connective tissue that consists 
  5. What is blood compose of?
    • Blood is compose of 55% Plasma and 45% of formed elements which is:
    • Red blood cell(RBC)
    • White blood cell(WBC)
    • & Platelets
  6. what do White blood cell(WBC) do?
    It helps fight off infection and disease
  7. What do Red blood cell(RBC) do ?
    It carry oxygen to the cells in your body and remove waste. They are red because of the protein called hemoglobin.
  8. Whats the difference between serum and plasma?
    Blood plasma still contains the proteins that allow it to clot: fibrinogen and other clotting factors, whereas blood serum has had the clotting factors removed.
  9. How does red blood cell looks?
    • they are Round and carncave. 
    • -They are shape that way beacuse its eaiser to move (tumble)
  10. Whats is HB?
    Hemoglobin is the protein molecule in red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to the body's tissues and returns carbon dioxide from the tissues back to the lungs.
  11. What is Hematocrit (Hct)?
    it's the % of total blood volume composed of red blood cells
  12. What are the function of the blood?
    • -maintains the bodys homeostasis
    • -Transport nutrients,vitamins, and minerals
    • -transport waste product
    • -transport hormones
    • -protects against foreign substances
    • -forms clots
  13. Anemia means:
    Decreased number of red blood cells
  14. Platelet also know as Thrombocyte are:
    Small particle involved in the clotting process
  15. Abbv Co2 is:
    Carbon dioxide
  16. NO
    Nitric Oxide
  17. PA
    Pernicious Anemia
  18. SOB
    Shortness of breath
  19. Iron-Deficiency Anemia:
     a condition resulting from too little iron in the body. Iron deficiency is the most common nutritional deficiency and the leading cause of anemia in the world
  20. About Pernicious Anemia (PA):
    is a decrease in red blood cells that occurs when the body cannot properly absorb vitamin B12.

    • -WITHOUT B12 HEMOGLOBIN(HB OR HGB) CANNOT FOR.
    • -mainly seen in older adults
  21. Sickle cell Anemia:
    is a gentic disorder found mostly in african americans. RBCs have an abnormal crescent shape. This makes them sticky and rigid. They can get trapped in small vessels and block blood from reaching different parts of the body. This can cause pain and tissue damage.
  22. Hemoltyic Anemia:
    condition in which red blood cells are destroyed and removed from the bloodstream
  23. Aplastic Anemia:
    condition where bone marrow does not produce sufficient new cells to replenish blood cells
  24. hypoxia means:
    Below normal levels of oxygen in tissue,gases,or blood
  25. Leukocytosis:
    is too many white blood cells and often indicates the presence of an infection
  26. The types of White Blood Cells(WBC) can be categorized by:
    Granulocytes or Argranulocytes
  27. Neutrophils also called Polymorphonuclear leukocytes(PMNL)
    Are normally 55% to 65% of the total wbc count. These cell ingest:  Bacteria,Fungi,and some viruses.

    -Takes up PURPLE STAIN.
  28. In Neutropeina:
    the number of neutrophil is decreased
  29. In Neutrophilia:
    the number of neutrophils is incresaed
  30. Eosinophils:
    are mainly 2%-4% of the white blood count

    • (ATRACTS A ROSY-REDCOLOR)
    • * they leave the blppdstream to enter tissue that is undergoing allergic reaction.
  31. Baseophil:
    Normally 1% of total white blood count.

    • (Attracts a basic blue color)
    • *Basophil migrate and damaged tissues to release histamine
  32. Monocytes: Mono-single
                       Cyte-cell
    are the largest blood cells and are normally 3%-8% of total WBC count.

    - Monocyte leaves the bloodstream and become Macrophages; which ingest bacteria,dead neutriphils, and dead cells in tissue.
  33. Lymphocytes: Lymph/o-lymph
                          Cyte-Cell
    • are the smallest white blood cell and comprise 25%-35% of total white blood count.
    • -Lymphocytes are produced in red bone marrow and migrate through the bloodstream to lympthaic tissues-(Lymph nodes,tonsils,spleen,and tymus) where they multiply
  34. Abbv: EBV
    Epstein-Barr virus
  35. Abbv: Ig
    Immunoglobin
  36. Differential White blood count (Diff)
    the list of %  of the different leukocytes in a blood sample
  37.  Leukemic

    Leuk/o-white
    emia-blood condition
    emic-pretaining to blood condition
    peina-deficiency
    osis-condition
    leukemic cells multiply, taking over the bone marrow and causing dificiency of normal RBC,WBC,and Platelets.

    *Making the patient anemic and vulnerable to infection and bleeding

    •                                 
  38.  leukopeina:
    The WBC  count drops below 5,000. its seen in viral infection like measkes,mumps,chickenpox,AIDS
  39. Pancytopenia:
     Pan-all
     
    dificiency of all types of blood cells are lower
  40. Difference b/w HEMOSTASIS AND HOMOSTASIS
     Hemostasis- The stoppage of bleeding

                            AND

    Homostasis- State of the body
  41. Platelet Role in Hemostasis:
    they are mintue fragments of large bone marrow cells, and consist of small amount granular cytoplasm. They have NO NUCLEUS
  42. Thrombus formation  (thrombosis): 
    is a clot that forms attached to a diseased or damaged area on the walls of blood vessels or the heart.
  43. Coagulation:
    process of blood clotting
  44. Antigens and Antibodies:
    are molecules that exist on the surface of red blood cell.Antibodies are presented in plasma.each Antibody can combine with only one antigen.
  45. Agglutination:
    whcih cells or other particles adhere to each others to form clumps
  46. There are two groups:
    ABO AND RH:

    ABO is a blood group system
  47. RhoGram:
    given to mother whose Rh factor is negative and the child Rh factor is positive.
  48. Abbv: HDN and RH
    Hemolyic disease of the newborn

    Rhesus
  49. Lymphatic:
    Begins in the caplliars and End in ducts
  50. Spleen:
    the organ that is responsible for purifying the blood as well as storing blood cells. It is positioned in the superior abdomen, and is the largest lymphatic organ in the body. 

    -Located in the left upper quadrant
  51. Lymphoma two groups:
    Hodgkin Lymphoma and Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma:

    • hodgkin occur in younger people 
    • Non-Hodgkin occur in older adults
  52. Lymphedema:
    Tissue swelling due to lymphatic obstruction
  53. Immue system:
    The immue system is not an organ system but a group of specialized cells in different parts of the body.
  54. Third Line Defense of Immue System:
    • 1. Specificity
    • 2. Memory
    • 3. Discrimination
  55. Anaphylactic Shock:
    an severe, whole-body allergic reaction. After being exposed to a substance like bee sting venom, the person's immune system becomes sensitized to that allergen.
  56. Colfiorm:
    Bacteria that normally live in the GI tract but cause infection eleswhere.
  57. Abbv: MRSA AND CA-MARSA
    • Methichillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus
    • Ca-Community associated
  58. Abbv:WNV
    • West Nile Virus
    • is a seasonal epidemic in North america

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