anesthesia drugs

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
172363
Filename:
anesthesia drugs
Updated:
2012-09-21 10:38:09
Tags:
aa anesthetics surgical drugs
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Description:
doses, concentrations, and cautions of the most commonly used anesthetics, questions relating to them.
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  1. [Versed]
    1mg/ml
  2. Versed dose
    1-5mg IV
  3. Versed use
    anxiolysis
  4. Versed cautions
    elderly, hepatic disease, synergy with narcotics
  5. [Propofol]
    10mg/ml
  6. Propofol Induction dose
    1-2.5mg/kg
  7. Propofol Infusion dose
    25-200mcg/kg/min
  8. Propofol use
    induction, sedation, MAC
  9. Propofol cautions
    soy and egg allergy, bacterial growth 6 hours, hypotension, elderly, burns
  10. [Etomidate]
    2mg/ml
  11. Etomidate dose
    0.2-0.3mg/kg
  12. Etomidate use
    induction
  13. What induction drug is used for patients with heart problems?
    Etomidate
  14. Etomidate cautions
    painful injection, myoclonus, PONV
  15. [Ketamine]
    varies, usually 50mg/ml
  16. Ketamine induction dose
    1-2mg/kg
  17. Ketamine use
    induction, analgesia, amnesia
  18. Ketamine Cautions
    emergence delirium
  19. Ketamine Pros
    narcotic dependent alternative, no apnea, doesn't cross placenta
  20. [Fentanyl]
    50mcg/ml
  21. fentanyl dose low
    1-2mcg/kg
  22. fentanyl dose moderate
    2-20mcg/kg
  23. fentanyl use
    analgesia
  24. Fentanyl time to reach peak effect
    3-5 min
  25. Fentanyl duration
    30-60 min
  26. fentanyl cautions
    synergy with midazolam, 100x more potent than morphine
  27. fentanyl class
    synthetic opioid
  28. [Meperidine] low
    25mg/ml
  29. Meperidine dose for PO shivering IV
    12.5-25mg
  30. Meperidine cautions
    neurotoxic, renal disease
  31. meperidine class
    synthetic opioid
  32. [Morphine]
    10mg/ml
  33. morphine dose intraoperative
    0.1-1mg/kg
  34. Morphine onset time
    15-30 min
  35. Morphine duration
    3-6 hours
  36. Morphine use
    long analgesia
  37. Morphine cautions
    respiratory depression, PONV, pruritis
  38. Hydromorphine alternative name
    dilaudid
  39. [Hydromorphone]
    2mg/ml
  40. Hydromorphone dose
    0.5-2mg
  41. Hydromorphone use
    analgesia
  42. [Naloxone]
    0.4mg vial
  43. Naloxone dose
    1-4mcg/kg
  44. Naloxone use
    overdose
  45. Naloxone class
    opioid antagonist
  46. Lidocaine dose IV
    1mg/kg
  47. Lidocaine use IV
    blunt airway reflexes, prevent burn of propofol
  48. [Succinylcholine]
    20mg/ml
  49. Succinylcholine dose intubation
    1-2mg/kg
  50. Succinylcholine onset time
    30 sec
  51. Succinylcholine duration
    3-5 min
  52. Succinylcholine use
    RSI, intubation, laryngospasm
  53. Succinylcholine class
    depolarizing NMBD
  54. fasiculation caused by what paralyzing drug
    Succinylcholine
  55. Succinylcholine metabolism
    plasma cholinesterase, not dependent on liver or kidneys
  56. [Rocuronium]
    10mg/ml
  57. Rocuronium dose
    .6-1.2 mg/kg
  58. Rocuronium onset time
    1-2 min
  59. Rocuronium use
    paralysis, RSI
  60. Rocuronium pros
    can be used for RSI at high dose
  61. What NMBD should not be used if K+ levels are high?
    Succinylcholine
  62. [Vecuronium]
    10 mg powder, 1mg/ml final
  63. Vecuronium onset time
    3-5 min
  64. Vecuronium duration
    20-35 min
  65. Vecuronium dose for maintenance
    0.01mg/kg
  66. Vecuronium class
    non-depolarizing
  67. [Cisatracurium]
    2mg/ml
  68. Cisatracurium dose intubation
    0.1-0.15mg/kg
  69. Cisatracurium class
    non-depolarizing
  70. Cisatracurium good for patients with what dysfunction
    renal or hepatic
  71. Isoflurane MAC
    1.1
  72. Desflurane MAC
    6
  73. Sevoflurane MAC
    2
  74. Nitrous Oxide MAC
    >100
  75. Iso color
    purple
  76. Des color
    Blue
  77. Sevo color
    yellow
  78. Neostigmine dose
    0.04-0.07 mg/kg
  79. Neostigmine caution
    BLUDS
  80. Neostigmine use
    NMB reversal
  81. Neostigmine class
    anticholinesterase
  82. What is required before using Neostigmine?
    minimum 1 of 4 twitches
  83. Neostigmine used with what drug to prevent BLUDS?
    Glycopyrrolate
  84. [Glycopyrrolate]
    .2mg/ml
  85. Glycopyrrolate reversal dose
    .2mg per 1 mg neostigmine
  86. Glycopyrrolate dose pre-med
    .2mg IM
  87. [Atropine] intraoperatively
    0.4mg/ml
  88. Atropine dose bradycardia
    0.4-0.6mg
  89. Atropine has what effect?
    dramatic increase HR
  90. Who should get an RSI?
    GERD, trauma
  91. What is not performed during an RSI
    bag mask ventilation
  92. Define MAC (drug related)
    Minimum Alveolar Concentration
  93. Define MAC anesthesia
    Monitored Anesthesia Care

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