intro to pe

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intro to pe
2012-09-21 18:25:07

first test
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  1. physical education
    • educational process that uses physical activity as a means to help individuals acquire skills, fitness, knowledge, and attitudes that contribute to their optimal development and well-being.
    • includes the acquisition and refinement of motor skills, the development and maintenance of fitness for optimal health and well-being, the attainment of knowledge about physical activities, and the fostering of positive attitudes conductive to lifelong learning and lifespan participation.
  2. Education
    ongoing process of learning that occurs throughout our lifespan, takes place in a variety of settings, and is not limited to a specific age group.
  3. Exercise Science
    Scientific analysis of exercise or physical activity, specifically how people’s movements develop and change across their lifespan and further expand their understanding of how people learn motor skills.
  4. Sport
    Well-established, officially governed competitive physical activities in which participants are motivated by internal and external rewards (Coakley, 2009).
  5. 12 Subdisciplines
    • Exercise Physiology
    • Sports Medicine
    • Sport Biomechanics
    • Sport Philosophy 
    • Sport History 
    • Sport and Exercise Psychology 
    • Motor Development 
    • Motor Learning 
    • Sport Sociology 
    • Sport Pedagogy 
    • Adapted Physical Activity 
    • Sport Management
  6. Exercise Physiology
    • study of the effects of various physical demands, particularly exercise, on the structure and function of the body.
    • concerend with both short term(acute) and (long term) adaptations of the various systems of the body to exercise
    • the, effects of different exercise programs on the muscular and cardiovascular systems, the immune system and health status of different population groups
    • clincical exercis testing , design of rehabilitation programs for postcardiac patiens and planning of exercise programs to prevent cardiovasular disease are among some of the responsivilities of exercise physiologist
  7. athletic trainers responsibilities
    • treatment to the injured athlete on the playing field
    • for prevention the trainer works with the coach to design conditioning programs for various phases of the season
    • to correctly fit protective equipment
    • promote the wlfare of the athlete such as counseling the athlete about proper nutrion
    • administer first adi
    • works collaboratively with the physician to design a rehabilitation program
    • oversees rehabilitation
  8. Sports Medicine
    concerned with the prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation of sports-related injuries.
  9. biomechanists study
    • the effect of various forces and laws on the body and sport objects
    • the musculoskeletal sustem and the production of force
    • leverage
    • stability
    • all are examined with respect to human movement and sport object motion
    • anyliss of movements with respect to effeiceny adn effectiveness is used to hep individuals improve their performance
  10. Sport Biomechanics
    applies the methods of physics and mechanics to the study of human motion and the motion of sport objects.
  11. sport philosphers
    • engage in systematic reflection
    • use logic as a tool to advance knowledge and arrive at decisions
    • seek to understand the relationship between the mind and the body
    • debate questions of ethics, morals, and values
  12. Sport Philosophy
    Encompasses the study of the nature of reality, the structure of knowledge in sport, ethical and moral questions, and the aesthetics of movement
  13. Sport History
    • critical examination of the past, with a focus on events, people, and trends that influenced the development and direction of the field.
    • help to understand the present and gain insight regarding the future
  14. sports psychologist helps athlets do what
    • devlop and effectively apply skills and strategies that will enhance their performance
    • achievement motivation
    • regulation of anxiey
    • self confidence
    • rehabilitation adherence
    • cohesion
    • and leadership
  15. Sport and Exercise Psychology
    uses principles and scientific methods from psychology to study human behavior in sport.
  16. motor development specialist
    uses longitudinal studies to analyze the interaction of genetic and environmental factor that affect an individuals ability to perform motor skills throughout their life span
  17. Motor Development
    studies the factors that influence the development of abilities essential to movement
  18. motor learning is concerened with
    • the stages an individual progresses through in moving from a beginner to a highly skilled perfomer.
    • the most effective conditions for practicing skills
    • the use of reinforcement to enhance learning
    • and how to use information from the environment to modify performance
  19. Motor Learning
    study of changes in motor behavior that are primarily the result of practice and experience, specifically the effect of content, frequency, and timing of feedback on skill learning.
  20. sport sociologist examine
    • the influence of gender
    • race
    • socioeconomic status on participation oin sports
    • phusical activity
    • drug abuse by athletes
    • aggression and violence
    • the effects of the mediaon sport
    • player coach relationships
  21. Sport Sociology
    study of the role of sport in society, its impact on participants in sport, and the relationship between sport and other societal institutions
  22. Sport Pedagogy
    • study of teaching and learning in school and nonschool settings.
    • studies how physical educators and sport leaders provide an effective learning environment
    • achieve desired learning goals
    • assess program outcome
  23. Adapted Physical Activity
    concerned with the preparation of teachers and sport leaders to provide programs and services for individuals with disabilities.
  24. Sport Management
    encompasses the many managerial aspects of sport including personnel management, budgeting, facility management, and programming
  25. traditional Allied Fields
    • Health 
    • Recreation & Leisure 
    • Dance
  26. Health
    Concerns itself with the total well-being of the individual, encompassing physical, mental, social, emotional, and spiritual health
  27. Recreation & Leisure
    Self-chosen activities that provide a means of revitalizing and refreshing one’s body and spirit.
  28. Dance
    A physical activity and performing art that gives participants, of all ages, an opportunity for aesthetic expression through movement
  29. health instruction focuses on teaching the basic of healthy living in many areas such as
    • diseas prvention
    • mental health
    • nutrition
    • physical fitness
    • stress management
    • and dealing with abuse of drugs and alcohol
  30. health services
    • routine eye exames
    • cholesterol and blood pressure monitoring
    • cancer screening
  31. enviromental health  focuses on the
    development of healthful and sage environment where individuals are not neddlessly exposed to hazards such as toxic chemicals and infectious materials
  32. therapeutic recreation focuses
    on providing a broad range of services for individuals of all ages who have disabilities
  33. field
    combination of a well established discipline and alone of more profesions that deliver a social service and are focused on common goals
  34. profession
    is an occupation requiring specialized traning in an intellectual field of study that is dedicated to the betterment of society through service to others
  35. what influnced subdicipline of  exercisce physiology and sport biomechanics
    • sciences of biology
    • chemistry
    • physics
    • anatomky
    • physiology
    • mathematics
  36. what was the foundations of the development of sport and exercise psychology, motor devlopment, sport sociology , sport history, and sport philosophy
    • psychology
    • sociology
    • history
    • philosophy
  37. what influnced the development of sports medicine and adapted physical activity
    • rehabilitation sciences
    • particularly physical therapy
  38. what influcend sport pedagogy
    educational research
  39. drawbacks of teaching
    • Lack of financial support
    • Inadequate facilities
    • Discipline problems
    • Overpopulated classes
    • Non-subject related duties (lunch duty, etc.)
  40. benefits of teaching
    • Salary
    • Teach diverse activities
    • Offers job tenure
    • intrinsic rewards
    • Opportunity to coach
  41. benefits of coaching
    • Intrinsic rewards
    • Excitement of winning
    • Respect
    • Satisfaction of giving one’s best
    • Help athletes learn
  42. drawbacks of coaching
    • Long hours
    • Salaries vary greatly
    • High turnover rate
    • Pressure to win
    • Role conflict
    • Burnout
  43. NASPE national association for sport and physical educationan
    an association of aahperd, presensts information about its academies, physical education conuncils, and sports councils, as well as access to position papers, standards for teachers and coaches, and careers in the field
  44. pe central
    serves as a major resource for phusical educators of all levels, offering access to lesson plans for all levels of physical education and adapted physical education, information on asessment, positive learing environment, professional inks, jobs , and resources
  45. pe links4u
    • offers information, lesson ideas, and tips for teachers and coaches of all levels as well as current news in the feild of physical education and sport
    • areas include technology, interdisciplinary learning, coaching, teaching, and current events
  46. national consortium for physical education and recreation for individuals with disabilities
    presents information about the adapted physical education national standards project, fact sheets, monographs, and links to resources.
  47. NASPE Beginning Teacher Standards

    • —Content knowledge
    • —Growth and development
    • —Diverse learners
    • —Management and Motivation
    • —Communication  
    • —Planning and Instruction
    • —Learner Assessment
    • —Reflection
    • —Collaboration
    • —Technology
  48. teaching Responsibilities
    • Instructional Tasks 
    • Managerial Tasks 
    • Institutional Tasks
  49. Instructional Tasks
    • related directly to teaching)
    • Explaining or performing a skill, or strategy, and evaluating students’ performances.
  50. Managerial Tasks
    • related to the administration of class)
    • Taking attendance, dealing with discipline problems, supervising the locker room, handling equipment.
  51. Institutional Tasks
    • related to the setting in which teaching occurs)
    • ¡Hall duty, lunch room supervision, attend curriculum and department meetings, conduct parent-teacher conferences
  52. Teaching Certification
    • Each state has minimum requirements that prospective teachers must reach before they become legally certified to teach.
    • Complete standardized tests
    • general knowledge
    • communication skills
    • professional knowledge
    • specialty area (physical education or health, etc.)
    • Public schools require certification, but private and non-school settings may not
  53. Adapted Physical EducationNational Standards
    • Human development
    • —Motor behavior
    • —Exercise science
    • —Measurement & evaluation
    • —History & philosophy
    • —Unique attributes of learners
    • —Curriculum theory and development 

    • —Instructional design & planning
    • —Teaching
    • —Consultation & staff development
    • —Student & program evaluation
    • —Continuing education
    • —Ethics
    • —Communication
  54. Coaching Responsibilities
    • Instructional: conducting practice, coaching a game
    • Managerial: recording statistics, dealing with equipment, giving interviews, recruiting
    • Institutional: teaching or department duties/meetings
    • Represent organization
    • Counseling athletes
    • Professional development at clinics/conventions
  55. Securing a Coaching Position
    • Requires expertise gained through:
    • ¡Playing experience
    • ¡Attending clinics and workshops
    • ¡Being an official in your sport
    • ¡Taking advantage of certification/licensing programs
    • —May require teaching certificate or master’s degree
    • —Consider gaining expertise in a second sport to increase marketability.
    • —Gain practical experience
  56. NASPE Domains of Coaching Competency
    • Philosophy and ethics
    • —Safety and injury prevention
    • —Physical conditioning
    • —Growth and development
    • —Teaching and communication
    • —Sports skills and tactics
    • —Organization and communication
    • —Evaluation
  57. Coaching Certification Programs
    • American Sport Education Program (ASEP)
    • ¡Training in coaching the young athlete, coaching principles, sports first aid, drugs and sport, and teaching sport skills.
    • —National Youth Sport Coaches Association (NYSCA)
    • —Program for Athletic Coaches Education (PACE
  58. Burnout