chapter nine

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kpierce2
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172437
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chapter nine
Updated:
2012-09-21 20:53:01
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chapter nine
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  1. What does the CNS consist of?
    -the brain and spinal cord
  2. What does the PNS consist of?
    -sensory (detect external and internal environmental influences and carry sensory impulses to the brain) and motor neurons (carry motor impulses from the brain to the body)
  3. cerebrum
    • -largest part of the brain
    • -receives sensory input from CNS and puts forth motor impulses
    • -site of higher intellectual functioning
    • -2 hemispheres
  4. synapse
    gap between a neuron and a muscle or between two neurons, neurotransmitters travel across it
  5. meninges
    three membranes that serve as a protective covering for the brain, has spaces for fluid. 
  6. cerebro
    brain
  7. encephalo
    brain
  8. hydro
    water
  9. myelo
    spinal cord, bone marrow
  10. neuro
    nerve
  11. spino
    spine
  12. -cele
    hernia (protrusion)
  13. -esthesia
    sensation
  14. -phasia
    speech
  15. -plegia
    paralysis
  16. de-
    lack of; removal
  17. CSF
    cerebrospinal fluid
  18. LP
    lumbar puncture (same thing as a spinal tap--finds bleeding, infection, etc. by taking CSF)
  19. epidural
    puts fluid in
  20. spinal
    depends on area
  21. local anesthesia
    localized
  22. general anesthesia
    completely out, need to be intubated
  23. CBA (and name two types)
    • -cerebrovascular accident
    • -ischemic: without oxygen, caused by plaque or a clot
    • -hemorrhage: blood gets out and causes brain to swell
  24. EEG
    electroencephalogram
  25. MRI
    magnetic resonance imaging
  26. PET
    position emission tomography
  27. Sx
    symptoms
  28. Hx
    history
  29. Dx
    diagnosis
  30. RX
    treatment/medication
  31. Tx
    treatment
  32. PCA
    patient controlled analgesia
  33. PIC line
    3 tubes
  34. IV sedation
    conscious sedation
  35. Peripheral vs central line
    don't know, but they're different
  36. TF: catheter=IV
    true

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