the authority of a court to hear an appeal from a lower court.
An unwritten tradition whereby the Senate will not confirm nominations for lower court positions that are opposed by a senator of the president's own party from a state in whcih the nominee is to serve.
Writ of Certiorari
An order by the Supreme court directing a lower court to send up the record in agiven case for its review..
Rule of four
The Supreme court will hear a case if four justices agree to do so.
The solicitor general is responsible for handling all appeals on behalf of the United States government to the Supreme Court.
Amicus Curiae Brief
A friend of the court breif filed by an intreset group of interested party to influence a Supreme Court decision.
Stare decisis is a latin phrase meaning "let the decision stand. " The vast majority of Supreme Court decisionare based on precedents established in earlier cases.
Philosophy that the Supreme Court should use precedent and the Framers' original intent to decide cases.
Phiosophy that the Supreme Court must correct injustices when other brances of government or the states refuse to do so.