Card Set Information
psychopharmacology neurotransmitter neuromodulater neurohormone
a chemical messenger that communicates across synapse
a chemical messenger that communicates with target cells more distant than the synapse by deffusing away from the point of release
a chemical messenger that communicates withtarget cells that communicates with target cells at great distance, often by traveling through the circulation
one of a group of chemical messengers that includes amino acids and amines
small molecule transmitter
a reptide act as a neurotransmitter, a neuromodulator or a neurohormone
an essential component of proteins
a major small molecule neurotransmitter used at the neuromuscular junction in the autonomic nervous system and in the central nervous system
an enzyme that breaks down the neurotransmitter acetylcholine
a postsynaptic receptor that responds to nicotine and ACh
a postsynaptic receptor that responds to both ACh and muscarine
one of the major group of biogenic aminic neurotransmitter including dopamine, norepinephrine epinerphine and serotinin
a member of a group of related biogenic amines that includes dopamine, epinephrine and norepinephrine
one of a subgroup of monoamines including serotonin a nd melatonin
an enzyme that breaks down monoaminies
a substance produced during the synthesis of catecholamines that is also administered as a treatment of parkinsons disease
a major monoamine and catecholamine neurotransmitter implicated in motor control , reward and psychosis
a major monoamine and catecholamine neurotransmitter
one of the monoamine / catecholamine neurotransmitters also know as adrenaline
major monoamine and indoleamine neurotransmitter believed to participate the regulation of mood, sleep, and appetite.
a major excitatory amino acid neurotransmitter
a major inhibitory amino acid neurotransmitter
Gamma Aminobutyric acid (GABA)
a byproduct of adenosine triposphate (ATP) that function as a neurotransmitter.
a gas that performs a type of signaling between neurons
nitric oxide (NO)
substance that promotes the activitity of a neurotransmitter
substance that reduces the action of a neurotransmitter
a substance derived from a plant that depleter supplies of monomines by interfering into synaptic vesicles used to treat a high blood pressure but produces depression
a fatal condition produced by bacteria in sposiled food in which a toxin produced by the bacteria prevents the release of ACh
a substance derived from amazonian plants that causes paralysis by blocking the nicotinic ACh receptor
a major tranquilizer that acts as GABA agonist
a drug that produces strong sedation by acting as GABA agonist
substance that interferes with the transpor of released neurotransmitter molecules back into the presynaptic terminal
a brainstem area in which the blood brain barrier is more permeable that triggers vomiting in response to the detection of circulating toxins.
perceived benefit from inactive substance or procedures
a research desing in which neither the participant nor the experimenter knwes whether the participant is receiving a drug or a placebo until after the research is concluded.
the process in which more of a drug is indeed to produce the same effect
the symptoms that occur when certain addictive drugs are no longer administered or ar administered in smaller quantities
a compulsice craving for drug effects or other experience
a dopaminergic structure believed to participate in reward and addiction
a drug that produces changes in mental process
a stimulant drug found in coffee, tea, cola, and chocolate that acts as an antagonist to adenosine
a stimualting drug that is the major active component found in tobacco
a powerful addictive dopamine agonist derived from the leaves of the cocoa plant of south america
a highly addictive drug that acts as a potent dopamine agonist
a variation of amphetamine that is cheaply produced and widely abused in the U.S.
a close relative of amphetamine that produces its behavioral effects by stimulating the release of serotoning
an illegal liquid sedative that appears to affect the thresholds of response for a number of neurotransmitters.
a compound extracted from opium used to treat pain.
an opium derivative used medicinally for cough supression and pain relief
an active substance derived from the opium poppy
a naturally occurring neuropeptide that is very closely related to optoids
the major ingredient of cannabis
a naturally occurring brain chemical that interacts with cannabinoid receptors
a possible candidate for a naturally occurring cannabinoid in the nervous system
the active hallucinogenic ingredient found in the peyote cactus
a hallucinogen that acts as an antagonist at the NMDA glutamate receptor
a hallucinogenic drug that resembles serotin
lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)
an herb that is frequently sed to selftreat mild depression
St. Johns wort.