Chapter 2 Test

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TiaRae
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17256
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Chapter 2 Test
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2010-05-02 14:56:21
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sosc
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SOSC 2501 ch.2
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  1. Variations in ways of life within a society are called ____.
    A. Subcultures
    B. Sanctions
    C. Rituals
    D. Mores
    A. Subcultures
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. The components of culture do not include ___.
    A. theories
    B. artifacts
    C. symbols
    D. belief
    A. theories
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. A religous object from an ancient culture is an examples of a(n) ___.

    A. subculture
    B. artifact
    C. Norm
    D. Sanction
    B. artifact
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Shared ideas about what is true are ___.
    A. Beliefs
    B. Mores
    C. Values
    D. Attitudes
    A. Beliefs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. _____ remains the fundamental social unit(s).
    A. Social institutions, such as schools and houses of worship
    B. Peer Groups
    C. The Family
    D. Social Gatherings
    C. The Family
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Ethnocentrism is best described as ___.
    A. accepting the practices of other cultures
    B. assuming cultural institutions serve societal needs
    C. appreciating other cultures
    D. judging other cultures in terms of one's own culture
    D. juding other cultures on terms of one's own culture
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. The principal agent of socialization into society is one's ___.
    A. School
    B. Occupation
    C. Family
    D. Church
    C. Family
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. A ___ is a society that sees itself as one people with a common culture, history, institutions, ideology, language, and territory.
    A. band
    B. state
    C. nation
    D. tribe
    C. nation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which of the following is not a principal objective criterion of social class?
    A. Occupation
    B. Income
    C. Religon
    D. Education
    C. Religon
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Today, most Americans label themselves as ___ class?
    A. working
    B. middle
    C. upper
    D. lower
    B. Middle
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. ___ is the key component of stratification.
    A. Age
    B. Family lineage
    C. Gender
    D. Income
    D. income
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. The increase in income inequality may be attributed to all of the following except ___.
    A. demographics trends that include fewer older workers
    B. an increase in the number of two-wage families
    C. the relative decline of the manufacturing sectore
    D. global competition
    A. demographics trends that include fewer older workers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. In the United States there has generally been more ____
    A. plateau mobility
    B. upward mobility
    C. downward mobility
    D. income stabalization
    B. upward mobility
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. When the population is broken up into four categories, which is the largest?
    A. lower class
    B. working classs
    C. upper class
    D. upper-middle class
    B. working class
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. The fact that in a democracy the upper social classes tend to hold politcal office means___.
    A. that the masses are not necessarily inferior to the ruling class
    B. that the masses are not necessarily oppressed, exploited or powerless
    C. that the masses are necessarily inferior to the ruling class
    D. that the masses are necessarily oppressed, exploited or powerless
    B. that the masses are not necessarily oppressed, exploited or powerless
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The most common path to social mobility is ___.
    A. family connections
    B. heredity
    C. institutional affiliations
    D. Education
    D. Education
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which of the following might be an arguement made by a sociologist who subscribes to the functional theory of social stratification?
    A. Stratication negatively affects the thinking of members of the lower class.
    B. Certain positions are more important to a society's survival than other positions and require special skills.
    C. People who possess power who want to protect it
    D. Wealth is not the only way of motivating people
    B. Certain positions are more important to a society's survival than other positions and require special skills.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Newborns possess all skills but which of the following instinctual responses.
    A. Following
    B. Thinking
    C. Clinging
    D. Sucking
    B. Thinking
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. The ___ is the single most important influence in anyone's early enviroment.
    A. place of one's birth
    B. status of birth
    C. Mother
    D. existence of siblings
    C. mother
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. The code of instructions to cells determining their structure, appearance and function is known as ___.
    A. RNA
    B. Cellular peptide indicators
    C. cerebral mitochondria
    D. DNA
    D. DNA
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. The ___ studies how people learn about themselves and their enviroment.
    A. Untrue approach
    B. Cognitive neuroscience
    C. Evolutionary approach
    D. Social-learning theory
    B. Cognitive neuroscience
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. The development of individual identity through interpersonal experiences and the internalizing of the expectations of significant others best describes ___.
    A. Personality
    B. Orientation
    C. Socialization
    D. Submission
    C. Socialization
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. The strength of stimulus-and-response linkage depends on all of the following except ___.
    A. Number of trials
    B. immediate drive reduction
    C. Strength of drive
    D. convenience of response
    D. convience of response
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. All of the following are causes of personality disorder except ___.
    A. inadequate socialization
    B. abrupt changes in roles
    C. negative interpersonal responses
    D. conflicting role expectations
    C. negative interpersonal responses
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Pavlov's experiments established the notion of ___.
    A. Stimuli
    B. Behavioral therapy
    C. Reinforcement
    D. Psychoanalysis
    A. Stimuli
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. ___ focuses on the treatment of psychological disorder.
    A. Behavioral psychology
    B. Humanistic psychology
    C. Clinical psychology
    D. Gestalt psychology
    C. Clinical Psychology
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. According to humanistic psychologists, which lwads the lists of the hierarchy of needs.
    A. Love
    B. self-actualization
    C. Food
    D. Safety
    B. self-actualization
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. In the Unites States, economic decisions are largely made by ___.
    A. business owners
    B. the government
    C. the market
    D. voters
    D. voters
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Which of the following is true about th GNP in the United States since 1960?
    A. It has fallen in both current and constant dollars.
    B. It has fallen in current but grown in constant dollars.
    C. It has grown in current but has fallen in constant dollars.
    D. It has grown in both current and constant dollars
    D. It has grown in both current and constant dollars
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. During a recession the government should ___.
    A. decrease spending
    B. increase taxes
    C. pour money into the economy
    D. create a surplus in its budget
    C. pour money into the economy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Fiscal policy in the Unites States is largely controlled by ___.
    A. political leaders
    B. big business
    C. the regional banks
    D. the Federal Reserve Board
    D. The Federal Reserve Board
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Monetary policy in the United States is largely controlled by ___.
    A. the President
    B. big business
    C. Congress
    D. the Federal Reserve Board
    D. The Federal Reserve Board
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. "Burdening future generations" is an expression about ___.
    A. new enforcement and collections policies on student loans
    B. welfare reform and lack of child care for the poor
    C. the inheritance tax
    D. the national debt and interest payments
    D. the national debt and interest payments
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Country with the larget debt is ___.
    A. Angola
    B. France
    C. Australia
    D. United States
    D. The Unites States
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Each of the following except ___ represents a type of market.
    A. Capital
    B. Government
    C. Product
    D. labor
    B. Government
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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