MTCh 4

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Demoneia
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172576
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MTCh 4
Updated:
2012-09-22 16:36:37
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Medical Terminology Chapter Prefixes
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Medical Terminology Chapter 4: Prefixes
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  1. Carp/o
    Wrist bones
  2. Cib/o
    Meals
  3. Cis/o
    To cut
  4. Cost/o
    Rib
  5. Cutane/o
    Skin
  6. Dactyl/o
    Toes/Fingers
  7. Duct/o
    To lead/Carry
  8. Flex/o
    To bend
  9. Furc/o
    Forking/Bending
  10. Gloss/o
    Tongue
  11. Glyc/o
    Sugar
  12. Immun/o
    Protection
  13. Morph/o
    Form/Shape
  14. Mort/o
    Death
  15. Nat/i
    Birth
  16. Nect/o
    To bind/Tie/Connect
  17. Norm/o
    Rule/Order
  18. Ox/o
    Oxygen
  19. Pub/o
    Pubis
  20. Seps/o
    Infection
  21. Somn/o
    Sleep
  22. Son/o
    Sound
  23. The/o
    To put/Place
  24. Thel/o
    Nipple
  25. Thyr/o
    Thyroid Gland
  26. Top/o
    Place/Position/Location
  27. Tox/o
    Poison
  28. Trache/o
    Windpipe/Trachea
  29. Urethr/o
    Urethra
  30. -blast
    Embryonic/Immature
  31. -crine
    To secrete
  32. -cyesis
    Pregnancy
  33. -drome
    To run
  34. -fusion
    Coming together/To pour
  35. -gen
    Substance that produces
  36. -lapse
    To slide/Fall/Sag
  37. -lysis
    Destruction/Breakdown
  38. -meter
    To measure
  39. -mission
    To send
  40. -or
    One who
  41. -partum
    Birth/Labor
  42. -phoria
    To carry/Bear/Feeling
  43. -plasia
    Development/Formation/Growth
  44. -plasm
    Structure/Formation
  45. -pnea
    Breathing
  46. -ptosis
    Falling/Dropping/Prolapse
  47. -rrhea
    Flow/Discharge
  48. -stasis
    Stopping/Controlling
  49. -trophy
    Development/Nourishment
  50. Ab-
    Away from
  51. Ad-
    Toward
  52. Ana-
    Up/Apart
  53. Ante-
    Before/Forward
  54. Anti-
    Against
  55. Bi-
    Two
  56. Brady-
    Slow
  57. Cata-
    Down
  58. Con-
    With/Together
  59. Contra-
    Against/Opposite
  60. De-
    Decrease/Lack of
  61. Dia-
    Through/Complete
  62. Dys-
    Bad/Painful/Difficult
  63. Ec-/Ecto-
    Out/Outside
  64. En-/Endo-
    In/Within
  65. Epi-
    Above/Upon
  66. Eu-
    Good/Normal
  67. Ex-
    Out/Outside/Away from
  68. Hemi-
    Half
  69. Hyper-
    Excessive/Above
  70. Hypo-
    Deficient/Under
  71. In-
    Not/Into/Within
  72. Infra-
    Beneath/Under
  73. Inter-
    Between
  74. Intra-
    In/Within/Into
  75. Macro-
    Large
  76. Mal-
    Bad
  77. Meta-
    Change/Beyond
  78. Micro-
    Small
  79. Neo-
    New
  80. Pan-
    All
  81. Para-
    Abnormal/Beside/Near
  82. Per-
    Through
  83. Peri-
    Surrounding
  84. Poly-
    Much/Many
  85. Post-
    After/Behind
  86. Pre-
    Before/Forward
  87. Pseudo-
    False
  88. Re-
    Back/Again
  89. Retro-
    Behind/Backward
  90. Sub-
    Under
  91. Supra-
    Above/Upper
  92. Syn-/Sym-
    Together/With
  93. Tachy-
    Fast
  94. Trans-
    Across/Through
  95. Ultra-
    Beyond/Excess
  96. Uni-
    One
  97. Adrenal Glands
    Are endocrine glands located above each kidney. They secrete chemicals that affect the body's functioning.
  98. Antigen
    Usually a foreign substance (poison/virus/bacterium).
  99. Antibodies
    Protein substances made by white blood cells in response to the presence of foreign antigens.
  100. Immune Response
    The reaction between an antigen and an antibody.
  101. Vaccine
    A dead or weakened antigen that stimulate lumphocytes to make antibodies. These antibodies remain in your blood to protect against those specific antigens when encountered in the future.
  102. Rh Condition
    An anti-gen-antibody reaction. A person who is Rh positive (Rh+) has a protein coating (antigen) on his/her red blood cells. This specific antigen factor is something that the person is born with and is normal. People who are Rh negative (Rh-) have normal RBCs as well, but their red cells lack the Rh factor antigen.
  103. Hemolytic Disease of the Newborn (HDN) aka Erythroblastosis Fetalis
    Occurs when an Rh- woman and an Rh+ man concieve for the second time (or if the mother had had an Rh+ transfusion before the first pregnancy). The baby could be attacked and destoryed by the mothers Rh+ antibodies. One of the clinical signs in the child is jaundice.
  104. Jaundice
    Results from excessive destruction of RBCs which makes hemoglobin produce BILIRUBIN. High levels of bibirubin in bloodstream (HYPERBILIRUNBINEMIA) cause jaundice. To prevent bilirubin from affecting the brainstem of an infant they are treated with exposure to bright lights.
  105. Autoimmune Disease
    When the body makes anitbodies against its own good cells and tissues causing inflammation and injury. Examples are rheumatoid arthritis, systematic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and graves disease.
  106. Congenital Anomaly
    An abnormal born with. Some are hereditary, others can be produced by factors during pregnancy.
  107. Contralateral
    Ex: Damage to the right side of the brain can affect the left side of the brain.
  108. Ipsilateral
    Located on the same side.
  109. Ectopic Pregnancy
    When a pregnancy develops outside the uterus - most often in the fallopian tubes.
  110. Prolapse
    Organ or tissue slides forward or downward.
  111. Recombinant DNA
    Recombinant DNA technology is the process of taking a gene from one organism and insertinng it into the DNA of another organism.
  112. Syndactyly
    Congenital anomaly marked by fusion of fingers or toes. Severe form is complete union of bones and nails. A mild form is an incomplete webbing of skin and two digits.
  113. Syndrome
    A group of signs or symptoms that appear together to produce a typical clinical picture of a disease or inherited abnormality.
  114. Symbiosis
    Two organisms living together in close association either for mutual benefit or not.
  115. Symphysis
    A joint in which the bony surfaces are firmly united by a layer of fibrocartilage.
  116. Transurethral
    In transurethral resection of the prostate gland (TURP) a portion of the prostate gland is removed with an insturment (resectoscope) passed through the urethra. This procedure is indicated when prostatic tissue increases and interferes with urination.
  117. Ultrasonography
    A diagnostic technique using ultrasound waves to produce an image or photograph of an organ or tissue. A machine records ultrasonic echos as they pass thru different types of tissue.

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