meds.txt

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Author:
golfdiva
ID:
172616
Filename:
meds.txt
Updated:
2012-09-23 22:03:35
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PN 142 test
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meds for pn 142 test 3
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  1. Cholinesterase inhibitors
    • dementia
    • they do not increase the amt of acetylcholine but prolong its presence
    • inhibits the breakdown of actylcholine
    • dizzy, diarrhea, weight loss, insomnia
  2. Donepezil (aricept)
    • dementia. early/middle stage AD
    • Cholinesterase inhibitor
    • dizzy, diarrhea, weight loss, insomnia
  3. Galantamine (razadyne)
    • early/middle stage AD
    • Cholinesterase inhibitor
    • dizzy, diarrhea, weight loss, insomnia
  4. Rivastigmine (exelon) (patch)
    • Cholinesterase inhibitor
    • early/middle stage AD
    • dizzy, diarrhea, weight loss, insomnia
  5. *Memantine (Namenda)
    • moderate to late AD
    • reduces glutamic acid
    • SOB, hallucinations
    • use in combination with aricept
  6. TPA (alteplase)
    • ischemic stroke, PE
    • fibrinolysis, clot buster
    • hemorrhage
  7. coumadin
    • ischemic stroke
    • Anticoagulant
    • reduces synthesis of active clotting factors.
    • bleeding, headache, N/V
  8. heparin
    • ischemic stroke
    • Anticoagulant
    • prevents formation of fibrin
    • bleeding
  9. lovenox
    • ischemic stroke
    • Anticoagulant
    • prevents formation of fibrin
    • bleeding
  10. ticlid
    • ischemic stroke
    • Anti platelet
    • blocks platelet form
    • low platelet, WBC, diarrhea
  11. plavix
    • ischemic stroke
    • Anti platelet
    • blocks platelet form.
    • itching, bleeding, bruising, nosebleed
  12. persantine
    • ischemic stroke
    • Anti platelet
    • inhibits platelet aggregation, vasodilates
    • dizzy, headache
  13. furosemide/Lasix
    • acute renal failure
    • diuretic
    • inhibits the reabsorption of sodium and chloride, thus excreting more water, sodium, chloride, potassium, magnesium, washes out toxins, establish urine output to prevent oliguria
    • dizzy, headache, n/v, low potassium
  14. Kayexalate
    • acute renal failure
    • removes potassium by switching out K for sodium
    • n/v, constipation, anorexia, low potassium
  15. Streptokinase
    • PE
    • disolves blood clots
    • hypotension, bleeding, respiratory depression
  16. Beta 2 stimulates
    • COPD
    • relaxes smooth muscle, dilates bronchioles
    • stimulates heart
    • short acting: keep track of how often used, too much indicates need for better long acting tx
    • long acting: maintainence, take at same time each day
    • brady, mouth sores, dizziness, headache, N/V, insomnia
  17. metaproterenol,
    • COPD - give first
    • Beta 2 stimulate
    • short acting bronchodilator
    • cardiac stimulation
  18. alupent
    • short acting bronchodilator
    • cardiac stimulation
    • Beta 2 stimulate
    • COPD - give first
  19. albuterol
    • COPD - give first
    • Beta 2 stimulate
    • less heart stimulation
    • short acting bronchodilator
    • cardiac stimulation
  20. proventil,
    • COPD - give first
    • Beta 2 stimulate
    • short acting bronchodilator
    • less heart stimulation
  21. ventolin,
    • COPD - give first
    • Beta 2 stimulate
    • short acting bronchodilator
    • less heart stimulation
  22. Formoterol ( Perforomist)
    • COPD
    • Beta 2 stimulate
    • long acting bronchodilator
    • cardiac stimulation
  23. salmeterol (Serevent)
    • COPD
    • Beta 2 stimulate
    • long acting bronchodilator
    • cardiac stimulation
  24. Arformoterol tartrate (Brovana)
    • COPD
    • Beta 2 stimulate
    • long acting bronchodilator
    • cardiac stimulation
  25. Anticholinergic bronchodilators
    • COPD
    • bronchodilation
    • relaxation of the large airways-Bronchi
    • good for cardiac pt as it is gentler on the hearts
  26. Ipratropium (Atrovent)
    • COPD
    • anticholinergic bronchodiator
    • short acting
  27. Tiotropium (Spiriva)
    • COPD
    • anticholinergic bronchodiator
    • longer acting
  28. inhaled steroids
    • COPD
    • Inhaled steroids are not fast-acting medicines, so you must take them on a daily basis in order to obtain the full benefit., for inflammation, not rescue, use short acting meds first
    • nasal stuffiness, mouth sores, lung infections
  29. Budesonide (Pulmicort)
    • COPD - give second
    • inhaled steroid
    • give second
    • nasal stuffiness, mouth sores, lung infections
  30. Fluticasone (Flovent)
    • COPD
    • inhaled steroid
    • give second
    • nasal stuffiness, mouth sores, lung infections
  31. Triamcinolone (Azmacort)
    • COPD
    • inhaled steroid
    • give second
    • nasal stuffiness, mouth sores, lung infections
  32. Combivent
    • COPD
    • combination meds
    • 2 bronchiostimulants + anticholinergic
    • less side effects
  33. Advair
    • COPD
    • combination meds
    • steroid + long acting beta antagonist
    • give second
    • nasal stuffiness, mouth sores, lung infections
  34. Symbicort
    • COPD
    • combination meds
    • steroid + long acting beta antagonist
    • give second
    • nasal stuffiness, mouth sores, lung infections
  35. methylxanthines:
    • for: asthma, bronchiospasms, constriction
    • direct relaxation of bronchi, pulm. vessels
    • IV or oral
    • heart stimulate
  36. aminophylline
    • COPD
    • methylxanthines
    • for: asthma, bronchiospasms, constriction
    • direct relaxation of bronchi, pulm. vessels
    • IV or oral
    • heart stimulate
  37. theophylline
    • COPD
    • methylxanthines
    • for: asthma, bronchiospasms, constriction
    • direct relaxation of bronchi, pulm. vessels
    • IV or oraL
    • heart stimulate
  38. Mucolytic:
    • COPD
    • pill, mist,
    • emphysema won't use
    • N/V, cough
  39. mucomyst,
    • COPD
    • Mucolytic
    • thins mucus so it can be coughed up
  40. guaifenesin
    • COPD
    • Mucolytic
    • thins mucus so it can be coughed up
  41. TB meds
    • bacteriocidal
    • antibiotic
  42. INH (isoniazid)
    • TB
    • bacteriocide
  43. RIF(Rifampin):
    • TB
    • bacteriocide
  44. Priftin(Rifapentine):
    • TB
    • antibiotic
  45. PZA(Pyrazidimine):
    • TB
    • bactericidal and bacteristatic
  46. Aripaprazole (abilify)
    • delirium
    • atypical antipsychotic
    • limited research     
    • serotonin reuptake transporter    
    • dizzy, high blood sugar, headache, N/V, weight gain
  47. Olanzapine (zyprexa)
    • delirium
    • atypical antipsychotic
    • dizzy, constipation, high chol, hostility
  48. Quetiapine (seroquel)
    • delirium
    • atypical antipsychotic  
    • dizzy, constip. high BP, high chol, & triglycerides,
  49. Risperidone (risperdal)
    • delirium
    • atypical antipsychotic  
    • dizzy, insomnia, high BS,
  50. Haloperidol (haldol)
    • delirium
    • typical antipsychotic
    • blocks post synaptic dopamine    
    • dizzy, nervous, constipation, weight gain

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