Math/Calculations; Conversions

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Author:
cwb102
ID:
172658
Filename:
Math/Calculations; Conversions
Updated:
2012-09-23 02:15:56
Tags:
Math
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Description:
Math/Calculations; Conversions
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  1. 1 mL= ? minims; ? gtts
    15 minims (min or m); 15 gtts
  2. 1 fluid dram = ? mL; ? teaspoons
    4-5 mL; 1 teaspoon
  3. 15 mL = ? fluid drams; ? tablespoons
    4 fluid drams; 1 tbsp
  4. 30 mL = ? ounces
    1 ounce
  5. 500 mL = ? pints (pt)
    1 pint (or approx. 480 mL)
  6. 1000 mL = ? pints; ? quarts
    2 pints; 1 quart
  7. 4000 mL = ? pints; ? quarts; ? cups; ? gallons
    8 pints; 2 quarts; 16 cups; 1 gallon; (approx. 3840 mL in a gallon)
  8. 1 grain (gr) = ? mg
    60 mg
  9. 1 mg = ? grain
    1/60 grain
  10. 1 gram = ? grains
    15 grains
  11. 4 g = ? drams
    1 dram
  12. 30 g = ? ounce
    1 ounce
  13. 500 g = ? pounds (lbs)
    1.1 pound
  14. 1000 g (1 kg) = ? pounds
    2.2 pounds
  15. Roman numeral L ?
    50
  16. Roman Numeral C?
    100
  17. Roman Numeral D?
    500
  18. Roman Numeral M?
    1000
  19. Converting ounces to lbs? 
    Divide the ounces by 16 oz., then round that number to the tenth and place it in the equation and don't round again till the end
  20. Round everything to tenth at the end of the equation on the quiz except for...?
    When converting ounces to lbs, round when dividing ounces by 16oz, and then not again till end of equation.  One question on quiz will state not to round at all!
  21. Metric table:
    Kilogram = ?
    Hectogram = ?
    Dekagram = ?
    Gram/Liter = ?
    Decigram/Deciliter = ?
    Centigram = ?
    Milligram/Milliliter = ?
    Microgram = ?
    • Kg = thousands
    • Hectogram = hundreds
    • Dekagram = Tens
    • Gram/Liter = 1 Unit
    • Decigram/Deciliter = Tenths
    • Centigram = Hundreths
    • Milligram/Milliliter = Thousandths
    • Microgram = Hundred thousandths
  22. Capsule =
    Drop =
    Grain =
    Gram =
    Kilogram =
    Liter =
    Microgram=
    • cap
    • gtt
    • gr
    • g, gm
    • kg
    • L/l
    • mcg
  23. Milliequilvalant=
    Milligram=
    Milliliter=
    Ounce=
    Teaspoon=
    Tablespoon=
    Tablet=
    • mEg
    • mg
    • ml/mL
    • oz
    • tsp
    • Tbsp
    • tab
  24. By mouth=
    Intramuscular=
    Intravenous=
    Intravenous piggyback=
    Left eye=
    Right eye=
    Both eyes=
    Subcutaneous=
    • po/PO (per os)
    • IM
    • IV
    • IVPB
    • OS
    • OD
    • OU
    • SC/SQ or SubQ
  25. After meals=
    Before meals=
    Every---hour=
    Four times a day=
    Hour of sleep=
    if necessary; as needed=
    immediately=
    three times a day=
    twice a day=
    • pc
    • ac
    • (q 1hr, q2hr, etc)
    • QID, qid
    • HS, hs
    • prn
    • stat
    • TID, tid
    • BID, bid
  26. As desired=
    Elixir=
    Liquid=
    Nothing by mouth=
    • ad lib
    • elix
    • liq
    • NPO
  27. 1 cup = ? mL
    240
  28. 1mg = ? mcg
    1000 mcg
  29. Reading from right to left, each place is 10 times larger in
    value. For example, 100 is 10 times larger than 10 & 1 is 10 times larger
    than 0.1

    Smaller to Larger
    Units:   Move the decimal point
    to the LEFT

    Larger
    to Smaller Units:   Move the decimal point to the RIGHT 
  30. The basic unit of weight in
    the metric system is the gram (G or gm). The basic length is the meter (m) and
    the basic volume is the liter (L or l). Metric measurements use the decimal
    system as the basis for its units. The prefix of the unit identifies its
    decimal location and value.
  31. Kings
    Have
    Dragons
    Under
    Dark
    Castle
    Moats

    millions
    Hundred
    thousand
    Ten
    thousand
    thousands
    hundreds
    tens
    ones
    tenths
    hundredths
    thousandths
    Ten thousandths
    Hundred
    thousandths
    millionths


    1,000,000
    100,000
    10,000
    1000
    100
    10
    1
    0.1
    0.01
    0.001
    0.0001
    0.00001
    0.000001

    Kilo
    Hecto
    Deka
    Basic
    Unit
    Deci
    Centi
    Milli
    Micro
  32. Successful Math for
    Nurses

    1.    
    I, as the nurse, am responsible for the accuracy
    of medication math and administration and can not assume that the pharmacy and
    physician will always be correct.
    2.    
    Check and recheck medication orders and doses
    along with labels.
    3.    
    Label all answers with correct unit of
    measurement

    a.    
    Exp:  4mg; 
    4mL;  4 units;  4mcg;  4 teaspoons-
    these are all VERY different amounts of medication and could KILL
    someone if administering the wrong dose due to label error.
    4.    
    Think about the test question and what it is
    asking. Does your answer even make sense?

    a.    
    Capsules-
    will be whole number. Do not crush, do not divide

    b.    
    Tablets-
    will either be whole or half number

    c.    
    Liquid/suspension-
    in OZ or mL whole numbers down to tenths

    d.    
    Syringe-
    whole number down to hundredths

    e.    
    Insulin-
    ONLY in Units

    f.     
    IV- Drops-
    Whole number; Pump- Whole numbers to hundredths with Peds and special
    medication drips.

    g.    
    Temperature-
    Do not round. Can be whole or to the tenth (98.8 F)

    h.    
    Weight-
    Whole numbers in Lbs or kg with OZ. Be sure and do your conversion to and from
    OZ in your equations.
    5.    
    Do not round in the middle of an equation, only
    at the end if indicated.

    6.    
    Plug your answer into the equation to check your
    answer.
  33. Write unit instead of U
    Write international unit instead of IU
    Write daily, every other day instead of QD, QOD
    Never trail 0 after a decimal, always put 0 before a decimal
    Write morphine sulfate or magnesium sulfate instead of MS, MSO4, MgSO4
  34. Write mcg or microgram when using mcg
    Use half strength or bed time instead of HS
    Write 3 times a week or three times weekly instead of TIW
    Write Sub-Q, subQ, or subcutaneously instead of SC or SQ
    Write Discharge instead of D/C
    Write mL or milliliters instead of cc
    Write left ear, right ear, or both ears instead of AS, AD, AU

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