Civics - Unit 1 Vocabulary

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  1. Civics
    The study of the rights and duties of citizens.
  2. Citizen
    Member of a community with ceratin rights / duties and loyalty to and protection from the government.
  3. Government
    The ruling authority for a community.
  4. What are the 4 functions of government?
    • Provide services
    • Keep order
    • Provide security
    • Guide the community
  5. Pubilc Policy
    A course of government action to achieve community goals.
  6. Budget
    A plan for collecting and spending money.
  7. Dictatorship
    A government controlled by one person or a small group of people.
  8. Democracy
    A type of government in which the people rule.
  9. Direct Democracy
    All the citizens debate government matters.
  10. Representative Government
    The citizens choose a small group to represent them, make laws, and govern on their behalf. (Indirectly help)
  11. Majority Rule
    Citizens agree that when differences of opinion arise, we will abide by what most people want.
  12. Naturalization
    The process to become a citizen if you were not born in that country.
  13. What are the 11 naturalization requirements?
    • 1. Be 18 years or older
    • 2. Have 2 U.S. sponsors
    • 3. Live in the U.S. for 5 years
    • 4. Not have been a communist or anarchist for the past 10 years
    • 5. Take a government test
    • 6. Be able to speak and write simple English
    • 7. Drop your old citizenship
    • 8. Accept your new citizenship
    • 9. Display good citizen characteristics
    • 10. Serve in the armed forces if needed
    • 11. 
  14. Aliens - what's the difference between aliens and citizens?
    Noncitizens. Aliens don't have full political rights, they can't vote, run for office, serve in juries, or work in most government jobs.
  15. What are illegal aliens?
    People that enter the country illegally.
  16. What are legal aliens?
    People that enter the country legally.
  17. Immigrants
    People who move permanently to a new country.
  18. Deport
    Send them back to their home country.
  19. Migration
    A mass movement.
  20. Patriotism
    Love for one's country.
  21. Terrorism
    The use of violence by groups against civilians to achieve a political goal.
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Civics - Unit 1 Vocabulary

Civics - Unit 1 Vocabulary
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