a&p 1

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Author:
standout13
ID:
172751
Filename:
a&p 1
Updated:
2012-09-23 11:44:52
Tags:
ANATOMY
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Description:
a&p 1: The Human Body: An Orientation
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  1. anatomy
    the study of the structure & relationships of body parts
  2. [gross] regional
    all structures in 1 part of the body
  3. [gross] systemic
    studied by system
  4. [gross] surface
    study of internal related to overlying skin
  5. [microscopic] cytology
    study of the cell
  6. [microscopic] histology
    study of tissues
  7. [developmental] embryology
    study of developmental changes of body before birth
  8. physiology
    study of the body's function of structural machinery
  9. function always reflects structure
    principle of complementarity
  10. external body covering
    integumentary
  11. framework for muscles
    skeletal
  12. maintains posture & produces heat
    muscular
  13. fast acting control system
    nervous
  14. heart & blood vessels
    cardiovascular
  15. houses white blood vessels
    lymphatic
  16. keeps blood supplied with O and removes CO2
    respiratory
  17. breaks down food that enters blood
    digestive
  18. eliminates nitrogenous wastes from body
    urinary
  19. ability to sense changes (stimuli)
    irritability
  20. Lvls of Structural Organization
    • Chemical
    • Cellular
    • Tissue
    • Organ
    • Organ System
    • Organismal
  21. catabolism
    • simpler
    • metabolism
  22. anabolism
    • more complex 
    • metabolism
  23. Maintaining Boundaries
    Movement
    Responsiveness
    Digestion
    Metabolism
    Excretion
    Reproduction
    Growth
    Necessary Life Functions
  24. Nutrients
    Oxygen
    Water
    Normal Temperature
    Atmospheric Pressure
    Survival Needs
  25. nervous system control mechanism
    electrical impulses
  26. endocrine system control mechanisms
    hormones
  27. factor/event being regulated
    variable
  28. monitoring sensor of environment
    receptor
  29. Rec -----> CC 
    Afferent
  30. Control Center
    determines set point & course of action
  31. provieds means for CC's response/output
    effector
  32. CC -----> Effector
    Efferent
  33. depressing it
    Neg FB
  34. enhancing it
    Pos FB
  35. ex: thermostat
    Neg FB
  36. ex: increase in labor contractions
    Pos FB
  37. *opposite direction of initial change
    Neg FB
  38. *same direction as initial change
    Pos FB
  39. common events
    Neg FB
  40. infrequent events
    Pos FB
  41. disturbance of homeostasis of the body's normal equilibrium caused by disease
    homeostatic imbalance
  42. axial
    head to trunk
  43. appendicular
    appendages (arms/legs)
  44. protects nervous system organs
    dorsal 

    :cranial---vertebral
  45. ventral ----
    thoracic----abdominopelvic
  46. parietal serosa
    lines walls
  47. visceral serosa
    covers organs
  48. hormones/chemical messengers
    glucagon & insulin

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