Anatomy I Test 1 Review

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Anatomy I Test 1 Review
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anatomy I Test 1 Review
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  1. Anatomy
    Human body structure
  2. Biology
    Study of all living things
  3. Botany
    Study of plant life
  4. Embryology
    human anatomy BEFORE birth
  5. Gross anatomy
    Macroscopic anatomy
    anatomy with naked eye
  6. Histology
    Microscopic anatomy
    anatomy with microscope
  7. Morbid anatomy
    Pathological anatomy
    anatomy affected by disease
  8. Physiology
    human body function
  9. Regional anatomy
    anatomy of one area of the body at a time
  10. Surface anatomy
    Topographical anatomy
    to facilitate the location and description of internal "body structures, reference is made to certain regions, and, certain imaginary surface markings that are of particular significance in our work
  11. Systemic anatomy
    anatomy of one system as a time
  12. Zoology
    study of animal life
  13. movement
    ability to change position

    characteristic of life (or living things)
  14. responsiveness
    reaction to changes

    characteristic of life (or living things)
  15. growth
    increase in size

    characteristic of life (or living things)
  16. reproduction
    production of new organisms

    characteristic of life (or living things)
  17. respiration
    breathing

    characteristic of life (or living things)
  18. digestion
    breakdown of foods into simpler forms

    characteristic of life (or living things)
  19. absorption
    passage of digested foods into body fluids

    characteristic of life (or living things)
  20. circulation
    movement of body fluids from place to place
  21. assimilation
    changing of absorbed substances into other forms

    characteristic of life (or living things)
  22. excretion
    removal of wastes from the body

    characteristic of life (or living things)
  23. cell
    basic unit of structure and function in the human body
  24. chemical level
    atoms, molecules, protoplasm
  25. tissue
    a group of similar cells arranged for the performance of a particular function
  26. organ
    a group of different tissues arranged for the performance of a particular function
  27. system
    a group of different organs arranged for the performance of a particular function
  28. organism
    a group of different systems arranged to make-up the complete body
  29. circulatory system
    the heart, vessels, blood & lymph including lymphatic system
  30. digestive system
    the alimentary canal
  31. endocrine system
    the ductless glands
  32. excretory system
  33. integumentary system
    the skin
  34. muscular system
    the muscles
  35. nervous system
    the brain, spinal cord, and nerves
  36. reproductive system
    the sex glands and structures
  37. respiratory system
    the lungs, nose, breathing
  38. skeletal systems
    the bones
  39. urinary system
    the kidneys, bladder, and ducts

    excretory system
  40. anatomical position
    standing erect, with the arms hanging at the sides of the body, the palms of the hands facing forwards, and the body facing the observer
  41. anterior
    ventral
    pertaining to, or located toward, the front of the body or a body part
  42. cadaver
    a dead human body used in anatomical study
  43. central
    deep
    pertaining to, ro located toward, the interior (the center) of the body or a body part
  44. distal
    located farther from the point of attachment
  45. dorsal
    posterior
    pertaining to, or located toward, the back o\f the body of a body part
  46. inferior
    pertaining to, or located toward, the lower portion of the body or a body part
  47. lateral
    pertaining to, or located away from, the median plane of the body or a body part
  48. medial
    pertaining to, or located toward, the median plane of the body or a body part
  49. parietal
    pertaining to the wall of a body cavity
  50. peripheral
    superficial
    pertaining to, or located toward, the surface of the body or a body part
  51. prone
    a position of the body or a body part in which it is turned face down
  52. proximal
    located closer to the point of attachment
  53. superior
    pertaining to, or located toward, the upper portion of the body or a body part
  54. supine
    a position of the body or a body part in which it is turned face up
  55. visceral
    pertaining to the organs contained within the body cavities
  56. coronal plane
    frontal plane
    an imaginary vertical plane passing through the body from side to side so as to be at right angles to the median plane
  57. transverse plane
    horizontal plane
    an imaginary plane passing through the body horizontally
  58. median plane
    midsagittal plane
    an imaginary vertical plane passing through the body from anterior to posterior so as to divide the body into two symmetrical halves

    mirror image
  59. sagittal plane
    an imaginary vertical plane passing through the body from anterior to posterior so as to be parallel to the medial plane
  60. anatomical guide
    a description of the position of a body part in relation to the position of adjacent parts
  61. anatomical limits
    the point of origin and point of termination of a body part in relation to adjacent structures
  62. linear guide
    an imaginary line drawn on the surface of the body to represent the approximate location of some internal structure
  63. abdominal cavity
    abdominal-pelvic cavity
    the cavity within the trunk of the body, between the diaphragm and the floor of the pelvis
  64. abdominal cavity proper
    that portion of the abdominal-pelvic cavity between the diaphragm and the superior border of the pelvis
  65. buccal cavity
    oral cavity
    the cavity within the mouth
  66. cranial cavity
    the cavity within the cranium, containing the brain
  67. dorsal cavity
    the cavity that is formed jointly by the cavity within the cranium and the cavity within the spinal column
  68. mediastinal cavity
    mediastinum
    the cavity within the thorax, between the lungs

    it is rectangular in shaoe and contains all of the thoracic viscera except the lungs

    it is bounded by the sternum, anteriorly; by the thoracic vertebrae, posteriorly, by the lungs, lateraly; by the base of the neck, superiorly; and by the diaphragm, interiorly
  69. nasal cavities
    (paired)
    the cavities within the nose

    it is divided into right and left portions by a vertical septum formed mainly by the vomer bone
  70. orbital cavity
    (paired)
    the cavity on either side, on the anterior portion of the skull, containing the eyeball
  71. pelvic cavity
    that portion of the abdominal-pelvic cavity within the pelvis
  72. pericardial cavity
    the cavity within the pericardium
  73. peritoneal cavity
    the cavity within the sac formed by the parietal peritoneum
  74. pleural cavities
    the two cavities within the thorax, one on either side, containing the lungs
  75. spinal cavity
    the cavity within the spinal column, containing the spinal cord
  76. thoracic cavity
    the large cavity within the thorax, containing the thoracic vescera
  77. ventral cavity
    the large cavity contained within the trunk of the body
  78. abdomen
    abdominal region
    all below diaphragm

    body area between the diaphragm and pelvis
  79. arm
    between shoulder and elbow
  80. leg
    lower leg
    calf
    between knee and ankle
  81. cervical region
    neck
  82. chest
    thorax
    thoracic region
    between neck and diaphragm
  83. torso
    trunk
    below neck, no extremities
  84. cranium
    8 bones

    surrounds and protects the brain
  85. face
    14 bones
  86. femoral region
    thigh
    between the hip and knee
  87. foot
    below the ankle
  88. forearm
    between the elbow and wrist
  89. hand
    below the wrist
  90. head
    above the neck
  91. lower extremities
    "legs"
    from the hip down
  92. mediastinum
    middle section of the thorax, that is, between the two lungs
  93. skull
    bones of head
  94. upper extremities
    "arms"
    from shoulder to hand
  95. connective tissue
    the binders of the body, also serve as the framework of the body
  96. adipose
    fat
    connective tissue
  97. blood
    lymph
    hematopoietic tissue

    connective tissue
  98. bone
    teeth
    vomer

    connective tissue
  99. nerve tissue
    nervous tissue
    makes up with the nerves of the body
  100. brain
    encephalon

    nerve tissue

    nervous tissue
  101. cardiac muscle
    muscle tissue

    muscular tissue
  102. cranial nerves
    spinal neves

    verves

    nerve tissue
  103. cartilage
    precursor to bone

    connective tissue
  104. spinal nerves
    cranial nerves
    nerve tissue

    nervous tissue

    makes up with the nerves of the body
  105. epithelial tissue
    linings and coverings of the body

    produces secretions to lubricate and protect surfaces
  106. endometrium
    epithelial tissue proper

    the inside lining of the uterus
  107. epithelial tissue proper
    ALL epithelial tissue that is NOT Endothelium or Mesothelium
  108. endotelium
    inside lining of the vascular (circulatory) system

    epithelial tissue
  109. endocardium
    inside layer (lining) of the heart

    endothelium

    epithelial tissue
  110. epidermis
    the outer most covering of the skin (integumentary system)

    Epithelial tissue proper

    epithelial tissue
  111. fascia
    connective tissue
  112. glandular epithelium
    make up the glands of the body

    Epithelial tissue proper

    epithelial tissue
  113. involuntary muscle
    muscle NOT under your control
  114. ligaments
    hold bones to bones

    connective tissue
  115. mesothelium
    outside covering of the hollow organs of the body or the lining of the body cavities

    will always include the Serous Membranes

    epithelial tissue
  116. mucous membranes
    the epithelial tissues that line those structures that open to the outside of the body

    inside lining of the : respiratory system, digestive system, urinary system, and reproductive system

    epithelial tissue proper
  117. myocardium
    this is the muscle (middle) layer of the heart

    cardiac muscle

    muscle (muscular) tissue
  118. smooth muscle
    non-striated muscle

    invlountary muscle
  119. perietal pericardium
    lines the pericardial sac

    pericardium

    mesothelium

    epithelial tissue
  120. pericardium
    pericardial membranes
    lining of the pericardial cavity

    mesothelium

    epithelial tissue
  121. parietal pluera
    lines the rib cage

    mesothelium

    epithelial tissue
  122. peritoneum
    the outside covering of most of the organs in the abdominal cavity

    mesothelium

    epithelial tissue
  123. pleura
    pleural membranes
    lining of the pleural cavities

    mesothelium

    epithelial tissue
  124. skeletal muscle
    striated muscle

    voluntary muscle

    all attached to the skeleton

    • muscle tissue
    • muscular tissue
  125. spinal chord
    • nerve tissue
    • nervous tissue
  126. striated muscle
    striped appearance under a microscope

    skeletal muscle

    • muscle tissue
    • muscular tissue
  127. tendons
    connect muscles to muscles

    connect muscle to bone

    connective tissue
  128. tunica adventitia
    tunica externa
    outside covering of a vessel (artery, vein, or lymph vessel)

    mesothelium

    epithelial tissue
  129. tunica intima
    tunica interna
    inside lining of a vessel (artery, vein, or lymph vessel)

    mesothelium

    epithelial tissue
  130. visceral pericardium
    epicardium
    is the outer layer (covering) of the heart

    mesothelium

    epithelial tissue
  131. visceral pleura
    covers each lung

    mesothelium

    epithelial tissue

    serous membrane

    epithelial membrane
  132. diarthrosis joints
    free moving

    hinge type joints

    synovial joints

    synovial membranes

    connective type membranes
  133. Endometrium
    inside lining of the uterus

    mucous membrane

    Epithelial type membrane
  134. epicardium
    visceral pericardium
    outer layer (or covering) of the heart

    pericardium

    serous membrane

    epithelial membrane
  135. connective type membranes
    derived from connective tissues
  136. epithelial type membranes
    derived from epithelium
  137. membrane
    thin expanse (layer) of tissue
  138. mesothelium
    serous membranes
  139. mucous membranes
    lining those body structures that open to the outside of the body

    they secrete mucus that acts as a lubricant and protective barrier
  140. parietal pericardium
    pericardium
    lines the pericardial sac

    serous membrane

    epithelial type membrane
  141. parietal pleura
    lines the rib cage

    serous membrane

    epithelial type membrane
  142. pericardial membranes
    pericardium
    lining of the pericardial cavity

    serous membranes

    epithelial type membranes
  143. peritoneum
    the outside covering of most of the organs in abdominal cavity

    serous membranes

    epithelial type membranes
  144. pleura
    pleural membranes
    lining of the pleural cavities

    serous membranes

    epithelial type tissue
  145. serum
    serous fluid
    acts as a lubricant to prevent friction as an organ rubs against another
  146. serous membranes
    lining those hollow organs and cavities that DO NOT open to the outside of the body

    epithelial type membrane
  147. synovia
    synovial fluid
    acts as a lubricant to prevent friction in the joint
  148. synovial membranes
    found associated with those joints (articulations) between bones with free (much) movement

    connective type membranes

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